This section is from the book "Materia Medica Pharmacy, Pharmacology And Therapeutics", by W. Hale White. Also available from Amazon: Materia Medica Pharmacy, Pharmacology And Therapeutics..
The fruit of Fceniculum capillaceum Gilibert (nat. ord. Umbelliferae).
Levant and Southern Europe; cultivated.
Oblong, nearly cylindrical, slightly curved, from 4 to 8 mm. long, brownish or greenish-brown; readily separable into the two prominent mericarps, each with five light-brown, obtuse ribs, four oil-tubes on the
Volatile Oils. 55 I back, and two or four oil-tubes upon the flat face; odor and taste aromatic, anise-like. Resembling Fennel. - Conium fruit (Fennel is larger and has prominent vittae, oil-tubes), Caraway and Anise fruits.
The chief constituent is the official volatile oil, probably chemically identical with Oil of Anise (see p. 549).
Fennel is contained in Infusum Sennas Compositum.
Dose, 15 to 30 gr.; 1. to 2. gm.
A volatile oil distilled from Fennel.
A colorless or pale yellowish liquid, having the characteristic, aromatic odor of Fennel, and a sweetish, mild and spicy taste. Sp. gr., not less than 0.960.
In an equal volume of Alcohol.
Oil of Fennel is contained in Spiritus Juniperi Compositus and Pulvis Glycyrrhizae Compositus.
Dose, 1 to 5 m.; .06 to .30 c.c.
Dose, 1/4 to 1 fl. oz.; 8. to 30. c.c.
These are same as of oil of anise or of coriander