This section is from the book "Materia Medica Pharmacy, Pharmacology And Therapeutics", by W. Hale White. Also available from Amazon: Materia Medica Pharmacy, Pharmacology And Therapeutics..
Unguentum Hydrargyri Oxidi Flavi. Ointment Of Yellow Mercuric Oxide. Yellow Mercuric Oxide, 10; Ointment, 90.
Oleatum Hydrargyri. Oleate Of Mercury. Yellow Mercuric Oxide, 200; Oleic Acid, 800.
Oleate of Mercury is contained in Unguentum Hydrargyri, Em-plastrum Hydrargyri and Emplastrum Ammoniaci cum Hydrargyro.
Hydrargyri Chloridum Corrosivum. Corrosive Mercuric Chloride. HgCl2=270.54. Synonyms. - Corrosive Sublimate. Mercuric Bichloride. Corrosive Chloride of Mercury.
Heat a mixture of Mercuric Sulphate, Sodium Chloride, and Manganese Dioxide. HgSo4+2NaCl+MnO2=HgCl2+ Na2So4+MnO2. The Corrosive Chloride sublimes and is condensed. The object of the Manganese Dioxide is to prevent the formation of Mercurous Chloride by setting free Chlorine, which will convert it into Mercuric Chloride.
Alkalies and their carbonates, potassium iodide, lime water, tartar emetic, silver nitrate, lead acetate, albumin, soaps, vegetable preparations containing tannic acid, and in fact most substances. Dose, 1/60 to 1/10 gr.; .001 to .006 gm.
Hydrargyri Chloridum Mite. Mild Mercurous Chloride. Hg2C12=470.34. Synonyms. - Calomel. Mild Chloride of Mercury. Subchloride of Mercury.
Rub Mercury with Mercuric Sulphate to form Mercurous Sulphate, Hg2So4. Add Sodium Chloride, and then heat, the Calomel sublimes, Hg2So4+2NaC1=Hg2Cl2+Na2So4.
A white, impalpable powder without odor or taste.
Corrosive Mercuric Chloride.
Dose, 1/2 to 10 gr.; .03 to .60 gm.
Dose, 1 to 3 pills.
a. Pilulae Antimonii Compositae. - Compound Pills of Antimony. Synonym. - Plummer's Pills. Mild Mercurous Chloride, 4; Sulphurated Antimony, 4; Guaiac, 8 gm.; Castor Oil, a sufficient quantity to make 100 pills.
Dose, 1 to 3 pills.
Hydrargyri Iodidum Rubrum. Red Mercuric Iodide. HgI2=452.86. Synonyms. - Mercury Biniodide. Red Iodide of Mercury.
Mix hot solutions of Corrosive Mercuric Chloride and Potassium Iodide. Filter and dry the precipitated Red Iodide. HgCl2+2KI= Hgl2+2Kc1.
A scarlet-red, amorphous powder. Solubility. - Almost insoluble in water, but freely soluble in a solution of Potassium Iodide.
The same as of the Corrosive Chloride.
Dose, 1/60 to 1/10 gr.; .001 to .006 gm.
Liquor Arseni et Hydrargyri Iodidi - Solution of Arsenic and Mercuric Iodide. Synonym. - Donovan's Solution. Dissolve Arsenic Iodide, 10; and Red Mercuric Iodide, 10; in distilled water, 1000.
A clear, pale-yellowish liquid, having a disagreeable, metallic taste. Strength. - 1 per cent. of each Iodide.
Dose, 1 to 10 m.; .06 to .60 c.c.
7. Hydrargyri Iodidum Flavum. - Hg2I2=652.66. Yellow Mercurous Iodide. Synonyms. - Mercury Protiodide. Yellow or Green Mercury Iodide.
By pouring a solution of Potassium Iodide, 24; in distilled water, 1000; into a solution of Mercurous Nitrate, 40; in Nitric Acid, 10; and distilled water, 1000. The precipitate is washed and dried. The Mercurous Nitrate is obtained from Mercury treated by a solution of Nitric Acid in distilled water, by filtration. Hg2(No3)2+2KI=Hg2I2+2Kno3.
A bright yellow amorphous powder, odorless and tasteless. Solubility. - Almost insoluble in water, and wholly insoluble in Alcohol and Ether.
Dose, 1/6 to 1 gr.; .01 to .06 gm.