This section is from the book "Materia Medica Pharmacy, Pharmacology And Therapeutics", by W. Hale White. Also available from Amazon: Materia Medica Pharmacy, Pharmacology And Therapeutics..
Storax.-A balsam prepared from the inner bark of Liquidambar orientalis Miller (nat. ord. Hamamelaceae).
A semi-liquid, gray, sticky, opaque mass, depositing on standing a heavier, dark-brown stratum; transparent in thin layers, and having an agreeable odor and a balsamic taste.
The chief constituents are - (1) Styrol, C8H8, or Cinna-mene, a volatile oil. (2) Cinnamic Acid, C9H8O2, colorless, odorless, crystalline; this can be oxidized to Benzoic Acid, and is also found in Cinnamon, and Balsams of Tolu and Peru. (3) Styracin, or Cinnamyl Cinnamate, C9H7(C9H9)O2. (4) Phenylpropyl Cinnamate, C9H7(C9H17)O2. (5) Ethyl Cinnamate, C9H7 (C2H5)O2. (6) Storesin, C36H58O3, in considerable quantity. (7) Vanillin, having a fragrant odor.
Storax is contained in Tinctura Benzoini Composita.
Dose, 5 to 20 gr.; .30 to 1.20 gm.
Storax has the same action as balsams of Tolu and Peru and benzoin, and may be employed for the same purposes. It is not often given internally except in the compound tincture of benzoin. Mixed with an equal part of olive oil it may be used to kill the Sarcoptes scabiei and pediculi.