The Saffron Crocus. Nat. Ord. Iri-daceae. Linn. Syst. Triandria Monogynia. Hab. Asia, cultivated in Europe. Imported from Spain, France, and Naples. Saffron is the stigma and part of the style, dried.

Med. Prop, and Action. The stigmata (off.) were employed by Hippocrates and the ancients in uterine diseases; and, to within a recent period, were regarded as stimulant and emmenagogue; but the observations of Cullen and Alexander brought them into disrepute; they having failed to obtain any benefit from their use, even in large doses. If taken for a long period, Saffron communicates a yellow colour to the urine, perspiration, and other secretions. It is much used as a colouring agent and condiment. 100 parts contain 65 of a yellow colouring matter, Pulychroite, and 7 of a volatile oil.

Offic. Prep. 1. Pulvis Aromaticus (see Cinnamomum).

2. Tinctura Croci (Saffron Oz

j.; Proof Spirit Oj. Prepared by maceration and percolation). Dose, fl. drm. ss - fl. drs ij.

Dose of Saffron in infusion or powder, gr, x. - gr. lx.

* Dict. Pract. Med , vol. i. p. 263.

+ Midland Med. Repos., vol. ii. p. 376.

1008. Therapeutic Uses

In Chlorosis, Saffron has been successfully employed by Dr. Morganti,* of Verona, who found it effectual after the salts of Iron had failed. He gave it in the form of pills gr. xvj. in twenty-four hours, and gradually increased the dose, until this quantity was doubled. He considers it peculiarly effective in cases of increased action of the capillary vessels, and analogous in its effects to the more active salts of Iron. Saffron has been supposed to be useful in the treatment of the Exanthemata. In Rubeola, Syrup of Saffron (Pharm. Lond.) is a popular remedy.