Flour. The flour of the seed ground and sifted of Triticum Vulgare, Common Wheat. It contains Starch 71.49, Gluten 10.96, Sugar 472, Gum 3.32, Water 10, in 100 parts; but these quantities vary in almost even-sample. It forms the most important article of food, when converted into bread. Wheat is the most nutritious of all grains of the same kind, containing a larger proportion of proteine matters than any other grain.
Med. Prop. and Therapeutic Uses. 1. in the form of fine powder, it is dusted over Erysipelatous surfaces, to which it is generally a very cooling and pleasant application. 2. To burnt and scalds it is applied in like manner. It should be put on sufficiently thick to exclude the air; it thus effectually protects the parts, and absorbs the discharge. The crust which forms may be removed by emollient poultices. 3. In poisoning by the Preparations of Mercury, Iodine, Silver, and Zinc, flour, mixed with water, is employed as a chemical antidote. 4. It is an ingredient in mustard, linseed, and other poultices.
Offic. Prep. Cataplasma Ferventi (see CerevisiAe Fennentum).
Fel Bovinum Purificatum. See Ox Bile.
* Edin. Med. and Surg. Journ., vol lviii. p. 483.
Amer. Med. Bot., iii. p. 108.