Common Fennel. Nat. Ord. UmbelliferAe. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Digynia.
Foeniculum Dulce. Sweet Fennel. Hab. of both plants, Europe. Sweet Fennel Fruit is imported from Malta.
Med. Prop. and Action. The fruit or seed dried is stimulant, carminative. The distilled water or essential oil has been used in Flatulence, Colic, Dyspepsia, &c., but is now rarely employed, and is of inferior value to Caraway or Aniseed. The ancients ascribed lactagogue properties to Fennel seeds (V. Vulgare), and that they really possess this property is established by the researches of Dr. Routh; be states that it is remarkable how materially it increases the flow of milk. In some respects it ha3 advantages over Castor Oil leaves, to which Dr. Routh assigns the first place. Cazin also bears testimony to its value; especially where the deficiency of milk is connected with Atony of the Stomach and Gastralgia.
Dose of Oleum Foeniculi,eij. - ev.