Common Savin. Nat. Ord. Pinaceae-Linn. Syst. Dioecia Monadelphia. Hab. Southern Europe, the Levant, &c.

Med. Prop. and Action. The fresh and dried tops are irritant and emmenagogue. They may be given in infusion, but the essential oil, upon which the activity of the plant depends, is the most certain and efficacious form for internal use. Savin appears to operate powerfully on the uterus, and has been frequently employed criminally for procuring abortion. When thus taken in large doses, it has caused inflammation and death. Great caution is necessary in its exhibition. The bruised leaves, in the form of ointment, are much employed in keeping open blistered surfaces, setons, &c. For these purposes, it should be freshly prepared, as it soon spoils in hot climates. It has been considered vermifuge.

Offic. Prep. 1. Oleum SabinAe (the oil distilled in England from the fresh tops). Dose, ej. - vj.

2. Tinctura Sabinae (Savin Dried And Bruised Oz

iiss.; Proof Spirit Oj. Prepared by maceration and percolation). Dose, exx. - fl. drm. j.

3. Unguentum Sabinae (Fresh Savin, Bruised Oz

viij.; White Wax, oz. iij.; Prepared Lard oz. xvj.).

Dose of the dried tops, gr. iij. - x. They may be given in infusion (gr. lx. ad Aq. Ferv. Oss.). Dose, fl. oz. j. - fl. oz. ij.

Contra-indications - 1, pregnancy; 2, local or general plethora; 3, inflammatory and febrile states.

1679. Therapeutic Uses

In Amenorrha, the influence of Savin has long been known. Dr. Home,* of Edinburgh, who employed it successfully in four cases, observes that it is chiefly useful in those cases which are unattended by fever, and in which the circulation is languid; but that it is inadmissible in plethoric cases. He advises depletion and antiphlogistic regimen previous to its use. He employed the powdered leaves, in doses of j. - 5j. twice daily. It may be given in infusion, or the Oil, gutt. ij. - yj., may be exhibited on sugar. Dr. Pereira confirms the observations of Dr. Home, and states that, in his experience, Savin is the most certain and powerful emmenagogue in the whole Materia Medica; and adds, that he has never seen any ill effects from its use. He employs the Oil.

1680. In Menorrhagia, Leucorrha, and Uterine HAemorrhage, Savin was first employed by Wedekind, in 1799. Gunther, in 1826, also employed it successfully; and, in 1844, M. Aran,§ after numerous experiments, came to the conclusion that Savin is one of the most powerful and valuable remedies we possess, not only against sanguineous discharges, Leucorrha, &c, which exist, independent of pregnancy, and are characterised by the names of Atony, Asthenia, Deficient Contractility, &c., but also against the hAemorrhages which indicate approaching abortion, in women of lax fibre. In these cases, he employed the dried powder of the leaves, in doses of gr. xv. - xx., thrice daily.

1681. In habitual Abortion, depending upon diminished vitality of the Uterine System, Dr. Metsch|| speaks highly of the value of Savin. He advises an infusion (3ij. - 3iv. ad Aq. Ferv. fyj.), of which the dose is a table-spoonful, twice daily, taken during the intervals of the menstrual periods. Caution in its use is necessary.

1682. In Rigidity of the Joints from Extravasation, in Marasmus of the Muscles, and in Chronic Rheumatism, Savin is highly spoken of by Dr. Chapman ¶ (U. S.). He states that he has seen great benefit from its use, when it has been persevered in until warmth and itching of the parts occur.

1683. To Warts And Venereal Vegetations, Powdered Savin Was Recommended By Cullen

M. Vidal de Cossis** advises a combination of one part of Savin and two of finely-powdered Alum; the parts to be well sprinkled over with this daily.

* Clinical Experiments, p. 387. Mat. Med., vol. ii. pt. i. p. 332. Hufeland's Journal, 1799. § Medico-Chir. Rev., July 1844.

|| Brit. and For. Med. Rev., April 1850. ¶ Elements of Therapeutics, &c. ** Ann. de Therap., 1846.

1684. To Tinea Capitis, Scabies, and ill-conditioned Sores, the infusion (ut supra) has occasionally been used as a stimulating wash, but it is inferior to many others.

Kamela. See Rottlera Tinctoeia.