Kino. The inspissated juice obtained from incisions in the trunk of Pterocarpus marsupium. Nat. Ord. LeguminosAe. Linn. Syst. Diadelphia Decandria. Hab. India; imported from Malabar. Other varieties of Kino are yielded by Pterocarpus Erinaceus, a native of Senegal (African Kino); by P. "Wallichii (Padouk), a tree indigenous in the Tenasserim Provinces; and, doubtless, by other species of Pterocarpus. The gums of Butea Frondosa, of India, &c, and of Eucalyptus Resinifera, of New Holland, have often been confounded with the true Kino; not only resembling it in appearance, but being closely allied to it in their medicinal properties.

Med. Prop. and Action. Powerful astringent, containing the same astringent principles as Catechu, viz., a species of Tannin (Mimotannic Acid) and Catechin. It is best given in Tincture, or in the form of Pulv. Kino cum Opio. Alkalies are said to impair its astringent qualities. Combined with Cinchona, it is said to increase the anti-periodio power of the latter. Externally, it is occasionally applied as an astringent to copiously discharging ulcers, and to relaxed mucous surfaces.

Offic. Prep. 1. Pulvis Catechu Compositus. (See Catechu.) 2. Pulvis Kino cum Opio. Pulvis Kino Compositus (Pharm. Lond.) (Powdered Kino oz. iij. 3/4; Powdered Opium oz. 1/4; Powdered Cinnamon oz. j.). Dose, gr. v. - gr. xxx. 20 grs. contain 1 gr. of Opium.

* Med. Times, Aug. 17,1861, p. 180. Amer. Med. Times, Aug. 1861, p. 86. Loc. cit.

3. Tinctura Kino (Powdered Kino Oz

ij.; Rectified Spirit Oj. Prepared by maceration). Dose, fl. drm. ss. - fl. drs. ij.

Dose of powdered Kino, gr. x. - gr. xxx., or more.

It is contra-indicated in inflammatory states of the intestinal canal.

Incompatibles. Alkalies; the strong Acids; Sulphate of Iron; Nitrate of Silver; Acetate of Lead; Tartar Emetic; and Corrosive Sublimate.

1687. Therapeutic Uses

The form of Diarrhoea which appears to be the most benefited by Kino is that connected with follicular derangements. Dr. Pemberton,* who thought highly of its virtues as an astringent, asserts that it possesses one peculiar property; namely, never acting as an astringent, unless Diarrhoea is present. He employed it in doses of j., combined with a small portion of Opium. M. Bally states that he invariably found that, in doses of gr. xij. - xiv., it effectually checked Diarrhoea, even when this was attended with febrile symptoms.

1688. In Incipient Stages Of Follicular Dyspepsia, Dr

Pemberton placed his chief reliance upon Kino, in combination with Opium (Kino gr. x., Opium gr. 1/4 - 1/2, M. 4tis horis sumend.). He preferred Kino, as it did not appear to constipate the bowels, unless Diarrhoea was present.

1689. In Pyrosis, Kino Is Often Very Serviceable

Dr. Watson§; states that the Pulv. Kino Co. (gr. x., ter in die) is an admirable remedy in this affection. He advises Castor Oil, or some mild aperient at the same time.

1690. In The Profuse Perspirations Of Phthisis, Dr

Watson || advises the exhibition of Pulv. Kino Co. "It certainly has," he observes, "much power over the perspirations, and it has this further advantage, that (containing Opium) it tends to control the Diarrhoea and to check the cough."

1691. In Haemorrhagic Diseases Of A Passive Character, Kino May Be Given With Benefit

From the large portion of Tannin contained in it, it may be substituted for the latter in those forms of Haemorrhage enumerated under that head. (See Tannin.)

1692. In Relaxation of the Uvula, Kino is an excellent application, either dissolved and used as a gargle, or allowed to dissolve slowly in the mouth.

1693. To ill-conditioned Ulcers, with a relaxed surface and a thin ichorous discharge, the Tincture of Kino, locally applied, acts as an astringent and stimulant.

* Dis. of the Abdominal Viscera, p. 149.

Med. Gaz., vol. v. p. 700; and Gaz. de Saute, &c, 1829.

Op. cit.

§ Lectures, vol. ii. p. 447.

|| Ibid., vol. ii. p. 215.