Bread. Panis Triticeus. Wheaten Bread. A most valuable and nutritious article of food.

Medical Uses. 1. Bread poultice, which is thus directed to be prepared by-Mr. Abernethy:|| - Put half a pint of hot water into a basin; add to this as much crumb of bread as the water will cover; then place a plate over the basin, and let it remain for about ten minutes. Stir the bread about in the water, or, if necessary, chop it a little with the edge of a knife, and drain off the water by holding the knife on the top of the basin; but do not press the bread as is usually done; then take it out lightly, and spread it about a third of an inch thick on some soft linen, and lay it on the part. A little Liq. Plumb, or Olive Oil may be mixed with it. It is an excellent application to burns, scalds, excoriations, irritable ulcers, abscesses, &c. Milk is sometimes substituted for water. 2. Bread is often used in the formation of pills, but it is objectionable for such a purpose, as it becomes very hard with keeping, and the Chloride of Sodium, which enters into its composition, is apt to decompose the active ingredient: this is particularly the case with the Nitrate of Silver.

Bread is objectionable as a diet for diabetic patients, as it tends, from the large proportion of starch (53 per cent.) which it contains, to increase the saccharine constituents in the urine. Almond or Bran Biscuits are the best substitutes. Some excellent' remarks on the employment of the latter article of diet in Diabetes have been published by Dr. Camplin,* who speaks highly of its value.

, * Constipated Bowels, &c, Lond. 1861.

Brit. Med. Journ., March 15, 1862.

Medical Circular, July 2, 1862. § Med. Times and Gaz., July 4, 1863, p. 11. || Lancet, vol. v. p. 135.