Common Rice. Nat. Ord. Graminaeeae. Linn. Syst. Hexandria Digynia. It grows abundantly in the low swampy lands of most tropical countries, where it constitutes the principal food of millions.

Med. Prop. Demulcent, and slightly diuretic, when taken in the form of decoction (Rice oz. j., Water Oij., boil and strain). This is also in very general use as an enema, in affections of the bowels. 1. Finely-powdered Rice Flour is used as a substitute for wheat flour, as a local soothing application to erysipelatous surfaces, burns, scalds, &c. 2. Smoothly mixed with water, it forms an excellent poultice, equal in most cases to Unseed meal. 3. The bruised busks are occasionally used as a mechanical anthelmintic. 4. In poisoning by Iodine it may be substituted for starch, if none of the latter be at hand. New Rice is apt to produce diarrha and colic. As an aliment, it is highly nutritious, some samples containing as much as 80 per cent. of starch.