Pomegranate. Nat. Ord. Granateae. Linn. Syst. Icosandria Monogynia. Hab. Southern Europe, the East and West Indies, &c. Chiefly imported dried from Germany.

Med. Prop. and Action. The flowers, named Balaustion by the ancients, are astringent, and are still used as such by the natives of India The rin<l of the fruit is also astringent, and is best exhibited in the form of (oz ij., Water Oiss., boil to Oj.), in doses of fl. ox. ss - fl. oz. j. The bark of the root (offic.) is, however, the part chiefly valued, from its powerful anthelmintic properties. (See infra.) The decoction is useful as an astringent application in relaxed conditions of the mucous membrane of the throat, intestines, Ac. All the above parts of the plant are rich in Tannin.

Offic. Prep. Decoctum Granati Radicis (Sliced Pomegranate Root or., ij.; Distilled Water Oij. Boil down to Oj., and strain). Dose, fl. oz. j. - fl. ox. iij., or more.

2294. Therapeutic Uses

Against Tania or Tape- Worm the bark of the root is almost a specific, if it be employed fresh and in a proper manner. Its efficacy was known long before the age of Celsus,* but it fell into disuse. Its re-introduction in 1805 is due to Dr. Buchanan, of Calcutta; and its efficacy is now generally admitted. Of the decoction (ut supra), fl. oz. ij. should be administered fasting, and repeated every half-hour, until four doses have been taken. It should then be followed by a dose of Castor Oil. Dr. Elliotson prefers the root-bark in powder, in doses of j. - ij. every two hours, until six doses have been taken; the next day, twelve similar doses are advised, and then an aperient. The decoction, however, is preferable. The shortest period in which the worm has been expelled under the use of this remedy, is three hours; the longest, twenty-five; and the average, about twelve hours.

2295. In Chronic Diarrhoea and Dysentery, when unattended by inflammatory action, the decoction of the rind of the fruit (ut supra) occasionally proves highly serviceable. I have seen it arrest the discharge in some instances, when other astringents had previously tailed. It is particularly useful in Diarrhoea consequent on debilitating diseases.

* De Medicina, lib. iv. cap. xvii. Edin. Med. and Surg. Journ., vol iii. p. 22.

Med. Chir. Trans., vol xi p. 301.

2296. In Cancer Of The Uterus, Dr

J. Clarke advises the following injection, when the discharge is so profuse as to cause great debility: -2296 In Cancer Of The Uterus Dr 194 Decoct. Cort. Granati Oj., Alum. ss., M. In Leucorrha, the same injection, or with a smaller proportion of Alum (gr. lx.), may be used with advantage.

2297. In Relaxed Sorc Throat, The Decoction, With The Addition Of Alum (Gr

lx. ad Decoct. Oj.), proves very useful as a gargle.