The root of Anacyclus (Anthemis, Linn.)

Pyrethrum. Pellitory of Spain. Mat. Ord. CompositAe.

Linn. Syst. Syngenesia Superfiua. Source, Barbary, Spain, the Levant.

Med. Prop. and Action. Irritant and sialogogue. It is extremely acrid, and when rubbed on the skin, it causes much irritation, and even inflammation. When chewed, the taste is at first insipid, but after a few seconds it causes a hot, pungent, pricking sensation in the tongue and lips, with a copious secretion of saliva. Its activity appears to dapend on an acrid oil, and a compound ream, Pyrethrin. It is rarely employed internally; its chief use is that of a masticatory.

2299. Therapeutic Uses

In Toothache, a piece of Pyrethrum chewed slowly in the mouth excites a copious flow of saliva, and thus, as a derivative, occasionally affords relief.

2300. In Relaxation of the Uvula or Tonsils, the following gargle has been found highly useful: - Boil ss. of the root in Oj. of water to Oss., and to the strained liquor add f3ij. of Liq. Ammonite. (A. T. Thompson.*)

2301. In Paralysis of the Tongue and Muscles of the Throat, Pyrethrum chewed has been found useful as a direct stimulant and derivative. It has been used with benefit in Nervous Aphonia. (Copland.)

2302. In Spontaneous Salivation, Dr

O'shaughnessy found it effect a cure in two cases which had resisted every other treatment for three months.

2303. In the lethargic stages of Typhus Fever, and in Paralytic Affections, it is given internally by the Mahomedans, as a cordial and stimulant. (Ainslie. )