Oleander or Rosebay. Nat. Ord. Ericeae. Limn. Syst. Decandria Monogynia. Hab. Siberia.

Med. Prop. and Action. Stimulant. When first taken, it causes heat in the stomach, and increased arterial excitement, followed by great depression and copious diaphoresis. Home observed, that it greatly depresses the pulse, in one instance to thirty-eight beats in the minute. In large doses it is an acro-narcotic poison.

2372. Therapeutic Uses

In Rheumatism, it has long been highly esteemed by the inhabitants of Siberia, who macerate 5iv. of the leaves in fx. of hot water, and give the whole of this, strained, for three or four successive mornings. It is stated to be very efficacious. At first it causes a creeping sensation of the parts, but this soon subsides, and the pain is relieved. It has been strongly advised by Gmelin,* Koelpin, Woodville, and others. It is also said to be useful in Gout, Rheumatic Gout, and Syphilis.

* Cyc. Pract. Med.

Dict. Pract. Med., vol. i p. 514.

Op. cit, p. 624.

§ On the Treatment of Ulcers, &c., 1801, p. 96. || Med. Gaz., July 29, 1842.

Rhoeas. See Papaver Rhoeas.