SerpentariAe Radix. The root of Aristo-lochia Serpentaria. Virginian Snake-root. Nat. Ord. Aristolochiaceae. Linn. Syst. Gynandria Hexandria. Source, United States.
Med. Prop. and Action. Stimulant, tonic, and diaphoretic. It is best given in infusion or in tincture. In large doses, it causes nausea, griping with watery stools, headache, and disturbance of the cerebral functions, with greatly increased arterial action. Active principles: 1, a volatile oil; 2, a resin; 3, a bitter extractive. It is contra-indicated in acute inflammatory affections occurring in plethoric subjects.
Offic. Prep. 1. Infusum SerpentariAe (Serpentary oz. 1/4; Boiling Distilled Water fl. oz. x. Infuse for two hours, and strain). Dose, fl. oz. j. - fl. oz. ij.
iiss.; Proof Spirit Oj. Prepared by maceration and percolation). Dose, fl. drm. ss. - fl. drs. ij.
Dose of Serpentary, gr. x. - gr. xxx.
2495. In Typhus and Typhoid Fever, Serpentaria is occasionally administered, with a view of exciting diaphoresis, and supporting the powers of the system. Cullen speaks favourably of its efficacy; and Dr. Nevins* states that it is extensively used at Guy's Hospital.
* Clin. Lect., vol. ii. p. 525.
doses. It does not appear to possess much power when given alone, but may be advantageously combined with other anti-periodics.
2497. In Dyspepsia, when the skin is hot and dry, Serpentaria has been found an excellent remedy. (A. T. Thompson.)
of the Carbonate of Magnesia or Soda. (Dr. Watson.) Mr. Erasmus Wilson mentions one case in which it proved completely successful.