Bitter Sweet, or Woody Nightshade. Nat. Ord. Solanaceae. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Monogynia. Hab. Great Britain.

Med. Prop. and Action. The twigs (off.) are diaphoretic, diuretic, and alterative. It may be given in decoction (gr. dc. of the twigs, Water Oiss. boiled to Oj.), in doses of fl. oz. iss. - fl. oz. ij.; but its operation and effects are imperfectly ascertained. In large doses it is said to be acro-narcotic. It contains an alkaloid, Solania (C86H70NO32?).

Offic. Prep. Infusum DulcamarAe (Dulcamara bruised oz. j.; Boiling Distilled Water fl. oz. x. Infuse one hour and strain). Dose, fl. oz. j. - fl. oz. iv.

2591. Therapeutic Uses

In Lepra and Psoriasis, it is recommended by Dr. Crichton,§ Dr. Gardner,|| &c. Dr. Wright ¶ employed it with much success, and considers that it possesses slightly tonic and diaphoretic properties, for which reason he prescribes it in Psoriasis, when the skin is dry, with more or less alimentary disorder. Dr. Elliotson,** who thinks favourably of it, advises Oj. of the decoction to be taken daily, commencing with fij. daily, and gradually increasing the dose. In Eczema, it is advised by Rayer.

* Corrispon. Scient. di Roma, 1852. Bull. delle Sci. Med., xix. p. 269. Garrod, op. cit.

§ Willan on Cutaneous Diseases, p. 145.

|| Med. Phys. Journ., May 1830. ¶ Med. Times, vol. xvi. p. 387, 1S47. ** Lectures, p. 381. Diseases of the Skin, p. 81.