Dr. Duncan, Mr. Whitlam,§ and others, have advocated its employment, and recorded cases in which it appears to have exercised a favourable influence. " Of electricity and galvanism," observes Dr. Copland,|| "it may be said generally that they have occasionally been found successful; that when resorted to shortly before the seizure, they have sometimes suppressed it, or rendered it more mild; that when applied during the paroxysm, they have often mitigated its violence and duration; and that the safest mode of employing electricity is to place the patient on the insulating stool, and subject him to the electric bath, and to draw sparks from different parts when thus insulated, and placed in connection with the prime conductor."

3089. In Parturition, Galvanism Has Been Employed By Dr

Radford,¶ of Manchester, with a view of inducing uterine contractions in cases of hAemorrhage; and also when the labour is tedious, in consequence of atony of the uterus. The conclusions arrived at by Prof. Simpson on this point were, however, unfavourable. The subject has since been examined by Dr. Mackenzie.** He considers - 1. That a sustained current of electricity passed through the gravid uterus, directed longitudinally through the uterus from the upper portion of the spinal cord, exercises a remarkable influence in increasing the tonicity and contractility of the uterine fibre. 2. That in the action so excited and sustained we have a powerful and reliable means of moderating and controlling Uterine HAemorrhage, whether accidental or unavoidable, and of simultaneously accelerating the dilatation of the os uteri, and the general progress of labour. 3. That the current of electricity may be continued for a lengthened period, when required, without any appreciable pain or inconvenience to the mother, or danger to the child.

* Med. Zeitung, June 16, 1841. Lancet, Sept. 12, 1860. Annals of Medicine, vol. viii, p. 339. § Lond. Med. Phys. Journ. vol.

xiv. p. 527. || Dict. Pract. Med., vol. i. p. 813.

¶ Prov. Journ., Dec. 1844.

** Proceedings of Med.-Chir. Soc., Feb. 23, 1858.

3090. In Asphyxia, It Has Been Employed, But With Varying Results

It has also been proposed in Tetanus and Hydrophobia, but no reliance is to be placed on its power in these cases.

3091. In Certain Forms Of Hysteria Or Moral Insanity, Dr

Laycock * considers that the prophylactic and curative treatment consists in the persevering and systematic application of electro-galvanism to the abdominal and pelvic regions, in combination with the internal use of Tar.

3092. In Constipation, Dr

Cummin considers that there are very few cases which will resist the action of electro-galvanism; and his experience in the use of this remedy warrants him in stating, that, except in constipation arising from organic or mechanical causes, this agent will not only act as an aperient, but will give such tone to the muscular and mucous tunics as in time will lead to the natural discharge of their functions. At the same time, he advises the internal use of Tar. Dr. Terzi also found galvanism very effectual in constipation depending upon paralysis of the nerves of the intestines. A case of Ileus, accompanied by Fcal Vomiting, which was successfully treated by the application of galvanism to the mucous surface of the intestine, is related by Mr. Finny.§ In this case, one sponge, with the metallic handle to which it was attached, was passed up the rectum two or three inches, whilst the other sponge was applied to the abdominal walls. The effect was immediate; the constipation was at once relieved, and the patient recovered from an apparently hopeless condition.

3093. In poisoning by Opium, Chloroform, &c.; in drowning, and other forms of Asphyxia, galvanism is a most valuable means of stimulating the patient, and restoring respiration and circulation.

3094. Electro-Puncture, or Galvano-Puncture, consists in introducing two acupuncture needles, as advised in Acupuncture, and connecting them with the poles of a weak voltaic battery. The great advantage of this over the ordinary mode of application is the facility it affords of especially operating upon certain muscles or nerves, instead of the electric fluid being expended upon the skin and the surrounding tissues. The current of electricity should not be kept up continuously, but intermitted in order to produce a succession of small shocks.