Chlorinated Lime. Calcis Chlori-dum. Chloride of Lime; called also Hypochlorite of
* Annals of Medicine, vol. i. p. 208. Edin. Med. Surg. Journ., vol. i. p. 147.
Dispensatory, 8th Ed. p. 748. § Provincial Journ., April 2, 1851.
|| Russel on Scrofula. ¶ Surg. Dict., art. Scrofula. ** Op. cit.
Iuustrat. of Dis. of the Ovaria, Loud. 1830.
Lime, Bleaching Powder. A compound of Hypochlorite of Lime, CaO.CIO, with Chloride of Calcium, CaCl, and a variable amount of Hydrate of Lime.
Med. Prop. and Action. In doses of gr. j. - v. - vj. in solution, it has employed as a stimulant in typhus and putrid fevers. It is also used as a lotion (gr. lx. - oz. ss., Aq. Oj ), ointment (gr. xx. - gr. lx., Adipis oz., j.;, gargle (gr. cxx., Aq. Oj., filter and add Honey oz. j.), and enema (gr. x. - xv. in solution), with a view of correcting the fetor of discharges, and stimulating the parts to which it is applied to a more healthy action. In most cases it is very effectual in fulfilling both these indications. It is the best antidote in poisoning by Hydrosulphuric Acid, Hydrosalpharet of Sulphuret of Potassium. awl Hydrocyanic Acid: it should be given internally if practicable, and the vapour should be inspired. As an antiseptic and dis-iutoctant, it is a most valuable agent; its power of destroying bad odours renders it particularly useful in hospitals, jails, sick-chambers, and dissecting rooms. For this purpose a solution may be sprinkled thickly over the floor and walls, or cloths wrung out in the solution may be hung in the room; chlorine gas is slowly evolved Or the solution may be placed in a saucer, and a small portion of dilut3 Hydrochloric Acid, or even a solution of common salt, may be added to it This causes a rapid evolution of chlorine gas. Its power of arresting the progress, or of destroying the infection, of diseases is not well established; but its deodorizing property renders it invaluable when any inf ctious disease exists; and it may thus indirectly prove, in some cases, a disinfectant.
Oflic. Prep. Liquor Calcis ChloratAe (Chlorinated Lime lb. j.; Water Cj.). A deodorizing and disinfectant solution.
Dose of Calx Chlorata, gr. j. - gr. v. dissolved in fl. oz. j. - ij. of Water.
In Canerum Oris, Rilliet and Barthez speak highly of the dry Chloride of Lime, applied with the point of the finger to the ulcerated surface. The mouth should be well washed out a few seconds after each application. When cicatrization commences, a gargle, composed of 1 part of the Chloride, 30 of Mucilage, and 15 of Syrup, is recommended by the same authors.
600. In Scorbutic and other Ulcerations of the Mouth, and in Ptyalism, a gargle composed of Chloride of Lime gr. cxx. - gr. ccxl., Water Oj., and Honey oz. j., is very useful in correcting the fetor, and stimulating the parts to healthy action. The solution should be filtered before adding the honey.
iij , in combination with gr. j. of Opium, thrice daily, was employed in one case by Dr. Graves, with the effect of removing the fetor from the expectoration, and temporarily improving the symptoms. Dr. C. B. Williams* states that he has seen this medicine in solution produce the same results as those obtained by Dr. Graves, but adds, that it can only be regarded as a palliative.
Elliotson. In a very severe case, he directed the patient to place the Chloride in saucers in the chambers, to have rags dipped in it and hung about the house, to wash his hands and face with it night and morning, and to carry a small bottle of it about with him to smell at in the course of the day. This plan gave so much relief, that it was tried in other cases; and, although it did not succeed in all, it did in most of them. Three patients out of four derived advantage from it. It acts either by destroying the emanations, or by lessening the irritability of the mucous membranes. (Dr. Watson.)
* Cyc. Pract. Med., vol ii. p. 446.
iij. - v., has been employed with advantage; but it is inferior to the Liq. SodAe Chlor. (see that article). Dr. Copland advises it in doses of gr. j., every hour.
604. In Fetid Discharges from the Uterus, Vagina, or Rectum, an injection composed of gr. lx. - gr.cxx. of the Chloride, in Oj. of water (filtered), proves highly useful, by its deodorizing influence. It may be used either warm or cold, and should not be of sufficient strength to cause pain. The same injection also proves serviceable in fetid discharges from the ears and nostrils.
Pereira* states that he has found a weak solution of the Chloride very successful. In the Purulent Ophthalmia of Adults, it has also been used with marked benefit by Dr. Varlez. Dr. De Conde, Mr. Guthrie, and others. The strength employed by Dr. Varlez was 5iij. - siv. in fj. of water.
lx. - gr. cxx., Aq. Oj.) has been found very seiviceable as a lotion. The parts should be kept constantly wetted with it.
- Aq. Oj.) is stated by Derheims§ to be an effectual remedy. In Tinea Capitis it has also proved useful. Mr. E. Wilson|| advises it in Ecthyma, and also to correct the unpleasant smell of the cutaneous secretion in Osmidrosis.
Calcis Hypophosphis. See SodAe Hypophosphis.