Brit. Pharm. Saccharated Solution of Lime is thus prepared: - Take Slaked Lime 1 oz., Refined Sugar 2 oz., Distilled Water 1 pint. Rub the Lime and Sugar together in a mortar, transfer the mixture to a bottle containing the water, cork the bottle and shake it occasionally for a few hours. The clear solution to be drawn off with a syphon. Each fluid oz. of this solution contains 7.11 grains of Lime.
Calcis Saccharas. "Saccharate of Lime," introduced in 1859 by Dr. J. Cleland,t is prepared as follows: - Slake viij. of Quicklime; rub up with it v. of White Sugar, and add Water Oj. Stir and filter. The product should be perfectly clear, with only a slightly yellowish tinge. Each j. by weight should contain 18 grains of Lime. Under the same name M. Beral proposed a preparation formed by saturating simple syrup with lime and filtering - a much stronger formula than that above mentioned, and less generally applicable.
Med. Prop. and Action. The solubility of lime in water is increased by the sugar. These preparations are therefore valuable when it is desirable to administer lime in full doses. The Medical Action and Therapeutic Use* of Saccharate of Lime are thus summed up by Dr. Cleland, - "It is of course a powerful antacid, and probably the best we have, since it is stronger and pleasanter than Magnesia, and does not weaken the digestion like the alkalies. Far from doing so, its most important use is as a tonic of the alimentary system in cases of obstinate dyspepsia. As such, its action is more powerful than that of the vegetable stomachic tonics. It is suitable for cases with too little, as well as for those with too great a tion of gastric juice It seems particularly serviceable in youty constitutions. In dyspepsia of hysterical and anAemic cases, it does not seem to be of much use. It should not be taken early in the morning on an empty stomach, as then it is liable to create nausea. The best period for taking it is after meals; its alkainity does not at all interfere with digestion. So far from causing constipation,.it is a very valuable means of overcoming gradually that Chronic Constipation which so frequently accompanies dyspepsia; and persons who for years have been in the constant habit of using aperient medicines, have been able to abandon them, in a great measure, after taking this remedy for some time. It will also be found serviceable in cheeking the diarrha of disordered digestion, acting as Lime Water does; only that the latter is so dilute, that it is often impossible to administer it to adults in the quantity desirable. It may be found useful also in allaying the cravings of the intemperate."
Dose of the Pharmacopoeia Solution, exxx. - fl. drs. iss. in a glass of water twice or thrice daily; the dose of Dr. Cleland's solution, exv. - fl. drm. as. or fl. drm. j.
Chronic Diarrha of Children. M. Beral's Saccharate of Lime was first employed in medicine by Dr. Capitaine; and Trousseau and Pidoux state that they have employed it with advantage in the treatment of the Chronic Diarrhoea of Children. They have also been in the habit of adding ten grains of it to each quart of milk intended for the supplementary diet of children at the breast; and they consider that by this precaution the milk is prevented from becoming speedily sour, and thereby the tendency to diarrhoea is diminished. This mode of administration is well worthy of trial. The dose for infants is gr. xv. - gr. xxx.; that for adults, gr. lxxv. - gr. cl. diluted with 20 or 30 times its weight of simple syrup. 624. Calcis Phosphas PbAecipitata. Precipitated Phosphate of Lime. 3 CaO.POs. Prepared by dissolving bone-ash in Hydrochloric Acid, precipitating with Ammonia and drying at a temperature not exceeding 212°. Phosphate of Lime, called also the Triphosphate and the Subphos-phate of Lime', is obtained chiefly by the calcination of bones, and is a compound of Lime 53.84, Tribasic Phosphoric Acid 46.16, in 100 parts; or 3 Eq. Lime = 84 + 1 Tribasic Phosphoric Acid = 72 = 156, Eq. Wt.
* Lancet, March 26th, 1864.
Edin. Med. Journ., Aug. 1S59.
Trait de Therap., vol ii. pp. 382-7.
Med. Prop. and Action. Alterative and antacid.
Offic. Prep. Pulvis Antimonialis. (See art. Antimonii Oxidum.)
Dose of Phosphate of Lime, gr x. - gr. xxx.