(Eugenia Caryophyllata.) The Clove Tree. Nat. Ord. Myrtaceae. Linn. Syst. Icosandria Monogynia. Hab. East and West Indies. Cultivated in Penang, Bencoolen, and Amboyna.

Med. Prop. and Action. The dried unexpanded flower buds {off.) of the Clove Tree, commonly called Cloves, are aromatic and stimulant Their activity depends upon a volatile oil (01. Caryoph.), which is the best form for internal use. It is an excellent adjunct to other medicines, and enters into a great number of officinal preparations.

Offlc. Prep. 1. Infusum Caryophylli (Cloves bruised oz. 1/4; Boiling Distilled Water fl. oz. x.; infuse for half an hour and strain). Dose, fl. oz. j. - fl. oz. ij.

2. Pulvis Aromaticus (See Cinnamomum)

3. Oleum Caryophylli

Oil of Cloves (obtained from Cloves by distillation). Dose, eij. - evj

Dose of Powdered Cloves, gr. v. - gr. xx., or more.

Incompatible*. Infusion of Cloves is incompatible with the Salts of Iron, Zinc, Lead, Silver, and Antimony.

752. Therapeutic Uses

In Atonic Dyspepsia, with a languid state of the circulation, and a sense of coldness in the stomach, the Infusion of Cloves (fl. oz. iss.), or the Volatile Oil (gutt. iij. - v.), is occasionally given with benefit. When much flatulence is present, it is particularly useful.

* Med. Times, vol. xvii. p. 236.

753. In the Vomiting of Pregnancy, when the system is not excited to febrile action, and when the stomach rejects almost everything as soon as swallowed, Dr. Dewees * states that he has found a tablespoonful of the Infusion of Cloves act most promptly and successfully.

754. In Toothache, a drop or two of Oil of Cloves introduced into a carious tooth, is a popular remedy which occasionally affords relief.