CascarillAe Cortex. The Bark of Croton Eleuteria (not the Croton Cascarilla, as formerly supposed). Nat. Ord. Euphorbiaceae. Linn. Syst. Moncia Monadelphia. Source. The Bahama Islands.

Med. Prop. and Action. Aromatic, bitter, and tonic. It is best given in infusion, indosesof fl. oz. iss., or in Tincture, in doses of fl. drm. ss. - fl. drs. iss. It is a mild carminative, and has the advantage over other medicines of the same class of not causing constipation. It will often be retained when the stomach is unable to bear the stronger tonics. Its activity depends upon a volatile oil, and a peculiar crystalline principle, Cascarillne.

Offic. Prep. 1. Infusum CascarillAe (Cascarilla in coarse powder oz. j.; Boiling Distilled Water fl. oz. x. Infuse one hour and strain). Dose, fl. oz. j. - fl. oz. ij. 2. Tinctura CascarillAe (Cascarilla bruised oz. iiss.; Proof Sp. Oj. Prepared by maceration and percolation). Dose, fl. drm. ss. - fl. drs. iss. Dose of Cascarilla in powder, gr. x. - gr. xxx.

Incompatible*. The preparations of Cascarilla are decomposed by the Salts . of Iron, Zinc, Lead, Silver, and Antimony.

756. Therapeutic Uses

In Atonic Dyspepsia and in Debility from whatever cause, particularly in that occurring after Fever, the Infusion of Cascarilla is particularly indicated, and is productive of much benefit.

757. In the advanced stages of Diarrhoea and Dysentery, it is highly thought of by the Germans; but its virtues in these cases are little known in England.

758. In Intermittent and Remittent Fevers, Cascarilla was formerly held in high esteem, particularly in Germany. Stisser, Stahleaus, and others, Considered it a perfect substitute for Cinchona. Its inferiority to that bark is now universally admitted, to which, however, it is an excellent adjunct, rendering it, by its aromatic qualities, more agreeable to the stomach, and increasing its febrifuge powers. (A. T. Thompson.)

759. In Bronchial Affections attended with excessive secretion of Mucus, a combination of Infus. Casearill. fl. oz. iv., Acet. ScillAe; (Ph. Lond.) fl. drs. ij.,Tinct. Camph. cum Opio fl. drs. ij., in doses of fl. oz. j. thrice daily, may be given with advantage.

* On Diseases of Females, p. 211.

This tree yields the Copalchi Bark.

760. In Gangrenous Thrush Of Children, Its Internal Use Is Advised By Dr