Chiretta. The Herb and Root of Ophelia Chirata (D.C.), of Agathotes Chirayta (Don), of Gentiana Chirayita (Fleming). Nat. Ord. Gentianaceae. Linn. Syst. Tetandria Monogynia. Source, Nepaul, the Himalayas, and other parts of India.

Med. Prop, and Action. Bitter, tonic, and stomachic. It is closely allied in its medicinal properties to Gentian; like it, it promotes digestion, improves the appetite, and gives a tone to the system, without producing much stimulant effect, or causing constipation. It contains a resin, and a yellow bitter matter, on which the activity of the plant depends. It may be given in infusion, in Compound Tincture (Chiretta oz. iiss.. Orange Peel oz. j., Cardamoms oz. ss., Proof Spirit Oij.) in doses of fi. drm. j. - fl. drs. ij., or in the form of Extract in doses of gr. x. thrice daily.

Offic. Prep. Infusum ChiratAe (Chiretta bruised oz. 1/4, Distilled Water at 120° fl. oz. x.; infuse for half an hour). Dose, fl. oz. j. - fl. oz. ij.

Tinctura ChiratAe (Chiretta bruised oz. iiss.; Proof Spirit Oj. Prepared by maceration and percolation). Dose, fl. drm. ss. - fl. drm. j.

815. Therapeutic Uses, The Same As Gentian, For Which It Is An Excellent Substitute

* Journal Hebdom., Oct. 1841.

Brit. and For. Med. Rev., April