Cinnamon. The Bark of Cinnamomum Zeylanicum. Nat. Ord. Lauraceae. Linn. Syst. Ennean-dria Monogynia. Hab. Ceylon, Java, and cultivated in-Malabar in the Madras Presidency.

Med. Prop and Action. The bark and oil (Oleum Cinnamomi) obtained by distillation from it, are aromatic, stimulant, and carminative. The bark is also astringent. By the Germans Cinnamon is considered to act specitically upon the conractile fibres of the uterus. It is chiefly us d as an adjunct to other remedies. Besides the essential oil Cinnamon contains Tannic Acid, also a resin and an acid (Cinnamic Acid).

Offlc. Prep. 1. Aqua Cinnamomi (Cinnamon bruised oz. xx; Water Cij; distil Cj). Dose, ft. oz. j. - fl oz. ij.

2. Oleum Cinnamomi (Obtained From The Bark By Distillation)

Dose, ej - ev.

8. Pulvis Aromaticus (Cinnamon Oz

iv.; Nutmeg oz. iij.; Saffron oz. iij.; Cloves oz. iss.; Cardamoms, free from their capsules, oz. j.; Helmed Sugar oz. xxv.). Dose, gr. x. - gr. xxx.

* lancet, Nov. 21, 1863. Essentials of Materia Medica and Therapeutics, p. 227.

Amer. Journ. of Med. Sci., Jan. 1856. § Ann. de Therap., 1856, p. 141.

4. Tinctura Cinnamomi (Cinnamon In Coarse Powder Oz

iiss.: Proof Spirit fl. oz. xx. Prepared by maceration and percolation). Dose, fl. drm. j. - fl. drs. ij.

6. Tinctura Lavandulae Composita (See Lavandula)

Dose of the Bark in powder, gr. v. - gr. xx. .

876. Therapeutic Uses

In Flatulence, Colic, and Spasmodic Affections of the Bowels, the T. Cinnam. Co (Ph. L.) (Cinnam. cont. j,; Cardam. cont. ss.; Piperis long. cont. 3iiss.; Zingib. cont. 3iiss.; Spirit. Ten. Oij.), in doses of f3ss. to f3ij., proves a grateful and efficient carminative.

877. In Atonic Diarrhoea, the powder, in combination with Chalk and Opium, is often given with marked advantage.

878. In the low stages of Fever, the essential Oil is a valuable adjunct to other stimulants. The T. Cinnam. Co. (Ph. L.) is a goop formula.

879. In continued Nausea and Vomiting, a watery infusion of the Bark is often effectual in removing these states.

880. In Uterine Hmorrhaqe, It Has Been Employed, But With Very Doubtful Advantage

Of late years its use has again been advocated by Dr. Tanner,* who considers that its action is really due to some specific effect which it exercises upon the uterus, and not to any astringent property which it may possess. He advises the Tincture in f3j. doses, given in Cinnamon water every six hours. In Tedious Labours depending upon Atony of the Uterus and insufficiency of Uterine Contractions, it was found effectual by Mursinna, and Dr. Tanner's experience tends to confirm the idea of its powers in these cases.

881. A Drop Of The Oil Introduced Into A Carious Tooth Occasionally Arrests Toothache