The Common, or Sweet Orange. Hab. Azores, India, &c.
* Lancet, 1S42-3, p. 459. Med. Gazette, Jan. 25, 1849, and Ed. Monthly Journ.. Aug. 1S49. Lancet, September, 1850.
§ Ibid. Tec. 14, 1850. || Berlin Med. Zeitung, June 30, 1841.
Citrus Bigaradia. The Seville, or Bitter Orange. Hab. Southern Europe. Nat. Ord. Aurantiaceae. Linn. Syst. Polyadelphia Polyandria.
Aurantii Floris Aqua. Orange Flower Water. The Distilled Water of the Flowers of the above species. Prepared in France.
Med. Prop. and Action. The rind of the fruit of both the Sweet and Bitter (offic.) Orange is aromatic, bitter, and tonic, and forms an agreeable adjunct to other tonics. The oil distilled from the flowers, known as Oil of Neroli, is stimulant and anti-spasmodic. The water obtained from the flowers by distillation (Aurantii Floris Aqua, Orange Flower Water) has the same properties as the oil, only in a minor degree The juice of the Orange is refrigerant. containing a large proportion of Citric Acid; but it is of leas efficacy than Lemon-juice (see that article and also Citric Agio).
Offlc. Prep. Of the Peel (Cortex Aurantii): -
ss.; Boiling Distilled Water fl. oz. x. Infuse fifteen minutes). Dose, fl. oz. j. - fl. ox. ij.
oz. j.; Syrup fl. oz. vij.). Dose, fl. drm. j. - fl. drs. ij.
ij.; Proof Spirit Oj. Prepared by maceration and percolation). Dose, fl. drm. j. - fl. drs. ij.
Of the Orange Flower Water (Aqua Floris Aurantii): -
Syrupus Aurantii Floris (Orange Flower Water fl. oz. viij.; Refined Sugar lb. iij.; Distilled Water fl. oz. xvj., or a sufficiency to make the product lb. ivss.). Dose, fl. drm. j. - fl. drs. ij.
Dose of Aqua Aurantii Floris, fl. oz. j. - fl. oz.ij.
893. Therapeutic Use*. In Febrile and Inflammatory Diseases, an agreeable refrigerant drink is made, by diluting the juice of the common Orange with water, and sweetening to the taste; or the pulp of the fruit sucked is not only refreshing, but beneficial.
896. In, Dyspepsia, the Infusion or Tincture is an elegant and efficacious tonic and mild stimulant. It will often be retained when the stomach rejects other medicines.