Diseases of the Lungs. In Angina Pectoris, Spasmodic Asthma, and some other Spasmodic Affections of the Chest, Dr. Munk* states that he derived the greatest benefit from the internal use of Sulphur, in doses of 3ss. - 3j., once or twice daily. The use of Sulphur in Asthma is advocated by M. Dulcos. He gives about gr. viij. daily, whilst fasting, and orders it to be persevered in for a long period.
Amongst its advocates were Galen, Sylvius, Willis, Lieutand, Sydenham, Stahl, and Hoffman. It has now fallen into comparative disuse, and Dr. Cowan § thinks that perhaps it is too much neglected. As a remedy for costiveness in this affection, he adds, it is worthy of notice, and might perhaps be advantageously employed against profuse perspirations. It is best administered in the form of mineral waters. (See also sect. Scrofula, infra.)
2661. Diseases of the Abdominal Viscera, &c. Cholera, Mr. A.
* Lancet, July 18, 1840.
Bull. Gen. de Therap., 1861.
Clin. Lect., vo,l. ii. p. 14.
§ Trans. of Louis on Phthisis, p. 378.
Blacklock * considers, is caused by a disturbance of the electrical condition of the body. In order to arrest the colonic excitement, he advises enemas containing the Hydrosulphuret of Ammonia (fj. ad Aq. Oij.), the application of ligatures to the extremities in order to prevent the return of blood to the viscera, and the use of electricity; and, when the prominent symptoms have ceased, 3j. of Sulphur, followed in two hours by gr. x. of Calomel and gr. ij. of Opium. As a prophylactic, he advises the use of Sulphur, and a diet rich in sulphuretted ingredients.
Dr. Tridenti employed it in doses of 3ij. daily, in fifteen cases, and in each it proved effectual in causing the expulsion of the worm, at the end of a few days. No other medicine was given.
2663. In Stricture and Prolapsus of the Rectum, and in HAemorrhoids, Sulphur may be administered with great advantage. It appears to exercise an influence greater than is fairly attributable to its aperient action. It should be taken with Cream of Tartar or Confection of Senna, in such doses as to produce one or two motions daily.
In Scabies, Sulphur has for a long period been deemed almost a specific; and it certainly appears to be one of the most efficacious remedies we possess. The Ung. Sulph. Co. is more effectual, but at the same time more irritating, than the simple ointment. It should be diligently rubbed into the entire skin before the fire, and particularly into the affected portions, morning and evening, for two days. It is desirable, also, that the patient should wear a flannel shirt, and retain the same during the whole of the treatment. On the morning of the third day, the patient should take a warm bath, and wash the skin thoroughly with plenty of soap, when the cure will generally be found completed. In some cases, it is desirable, as a matter of precaution, to continue the inunction for a third day. To aid in effecting a speedy cure, an alkaline bath (Potas. Carb. lb. ss., Aq. Cj.) should be used previously to the application of the ointment; and Sulphur, with Cream of Tartar, should be given internally. The theory of its action is, that the Sulphur, when rubbed on the skin, is conveyed by imbibition into the texture of the epidermis, that here it is combined with hydrogen, and sulphuretted hydrogen gas is evolved, which acts as a deadly poison on the acarus, and destroys its ova. (Mr. Erasmus Wilson.) The operation of the Sulphur in these cases is said to be far more prompt and effectual if, immediately previous to the application of the ointment, the affected surface be first rubbed
* The Leading Phenomena of Cholera, 8vo, 1848.
L'Experience, Sept. 5, 1844. Diseases of the Skin, p. 304. Z Z
with brickdust, so as to expose the acari. After the ointment, a good ablution of soap and water is all that is required. Under this treatment a cure may be effected in a few hours. Dr. W. Frazer * states that Scabies is easily cured by a single application of a solution of Sulphide (Sulphuret) of Calcium. It is prepared by boiling Sulphur and lime in water until they unite; the eruption is to be rubbed with this fluid after a hot bath; it deposits a sulphurous layer, and a second bath leaves the patient well.
2665. In Small-pox, to arrest the progress of the disease, and to prevent subsequent "pitting," Dr. Midivaine. of Ghent, employed an ointment composed of Sulphur 3ij. and Lard j., which is directed to be rubbed gently over the pustules, twice daily, at an early stage of the disease. It was subsequently given a fair trial by Dr. Coppen, but it was found to fail in many instances.