2742. In Neuralgic Affections, The Spirit Of Turpentine Often Proves Most Useful

A strong recommendation of it is, observes

* Lectures, vol. i. p. 654, 1S48. Cyc. Pract. Med., vol. ii. p. 97. Ibid., p. 482.

§ Op. cit., vol. i. p. 431. || Clin. Lect., vol. i. p. 584. ¶ Med.-Chir. Trans., vol. vi. p. 65.

Dr. Copland,* that it is equally appropriate to the inflammatory and to the non-inflammatory states of the affection, and the fact of relapses, or a return of the complaint, being less frequent after the use of it than after any other remedy. In Sciatica, it was found effectual by Dr. Home,t in Lumbago by Darwin, and in various other neuralgic affections by Dr. Copland. M. Ducros§; states that he has repeatedly seen cases of Sciatica which had resisted ordinary means yield to enemata containing the Oil of Turpentine. In one instance the pain yielded to one enema containing fj. of the oil; but generally, in order to effect a cure, the number of enemas required is greater than in this case. Dr. Watson|| suggests that it is chiefly useful in those cases connected with a disordered state of the kidneys. In the Neuralgic pain in the left side occurring in hysterical females, the Turpentine liniment or fomentations (as directed in Inflammation) often proves signally useful.

2743. Diseases Of The Eye

In Syphilitic and Idiopathic Iritis, in Rheumatic Iritis, in incipient Gangrene of the Cornea, and, in Chronic Choroiditis, the internal exhibition of the Spirit of Turpentine has been found highly serviceable. In Iritis, it was first recommended by Mr. Carmichael,¶ in doses of f3j., thrice daily. Strangury may be obviated by the copious administration of Linseed tea; and a few grains of the Carbonate of Soda will correct any acidity to which it may give rise. It is best given in emulsion, and proves particularly serviceable in arthritic cases, and in those in which Mercury is contra-indicated. M. Trinchi-netti** has published numerous cases of the above-named diseases of the eye, treated solely and successfully by the Oil of Turpentine, given in the manner advised by Mr. Carmichael; and Mr. Hocken, Mr. Arnott, and others, bear testimony to its value in these cases. Speaking of its employment in Iritis, Mr. Guthrie§§ reports that he found the oil in some cases succeed admirably; in others, it was of little service; and in some, unequal to complete a cure. In Amaurosis, Dr. Copland|||| found it successful in two cases; and in this disease, as well as in Hydrophthalmia, Mr. Hocken¶¶ employed it with the best results. Mr. C. Kidd*** relates two cases of night blindness which completely yielded to its internal use; and Mr. Howard expresses his opinion that it proves useful in this disease and in day blindness. It should be given in the doses advised by Mr. Car-michael.

* Dict. Pract. Med., p. 891, vol. ii.

Clin. Experiments, p. 247.

Zoonomia, vol. ii.

§ Brit. and For. Med. Rev., No. ii. p. 569.

II Lectures, vol. i. p. 717.

¶ On the Efficacy of Turpentine in Inflammation of the Eye, &c., 8vo, 1829.

** Journ. del Scien. Med-Chirurg., Aug. 1836.

Lectures on Amaurosis, Lancet, May 8, 1841.

it Lond. Med. Gaz., April 13, 1839.

§§ Ibid., vol. iv. p. 609.

|| || Diet. Pract. Med., vol. i. p. 61. ¶ ¶ Op. cit.

*** Dub. Med. Press, May 10, 1843. Pathology of the Eye, p. 504.

2744. Nervous Headaches are sometimes much benefited by the internal exhibition of the Spirit of Turpentine. A very aggravated case is related by Dr. Mebe,* which, after resisting for several years a variety of medicines, yielded completely to Ol. Terebinth., in doses of gutt. x. every two hours. In the nervous and hysterical headaches of young women, Dr. Gravest places much reliance on this medicine, given in doses of f3j. to f3ij., and repeated according to its effects. "The best vehicle," he observes, "is cold water; some will bear and derive advantage from two or three doses of this medicine in the day, experiencing from its use a diminution of headache, the removal of flatulence, together with a moderate action on the bowels and kidneys." It may also be employed in the form of enema. From the dysuria, &c, which it occasionally causes, the medicine cannot, in some instances, be persevered in.

2745. In Catalepsy, a Turpentine enema, aided by diligent friction of a Terebinthinate liniment on the spine, is often the most effectual means of causing a cessation of the paroxysm.