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A Manual Of Practical Therapeutics | by Edward John Waring



Considered chiefly with reference to articles of the materia medica

TitleA Manual Of Practical Therapeutics
AuthorEdward John Waring
PublisherJohn Churchill & Sons
Year1865
Copyright1865, John Churchill & Sons
AmazonA Manual of Practical Therapeutics

By Edward John Waring, F.R.C.S., F.L.S Surgeon In Her Majesty's Indian Anny.

Second Edition.

To The Medical Officers Of Her Majesty's Forces Serving In The East Indies, This Volume is Dedicated, Amidst The Ever-Varying Circumstances Of Their Indian Career It May Afford Some Hints And Suggestions, Tending To The Alleviation And Benefit Of Those Who May Be Placed Under Their Charge.

-Preface To The Second Edition
When, some twelve years since, I employed my leisure hours at a remote and solitary station in Burmah, in arranging my notes - many of them made years previously, for my Manual of Practical Therapeut...
-Preface To The Second Edition. Continued
In the following pages the writer has attempted, however imperfectly he may have fulfilled the task, to remedy this deficiency, by collecting and bringing within a small compass the opinions and exper...
-Introduction
Therapeutics, Therapeia, Therapeutica, from I cure. By this term is meant the application of remedies for the cure, alleviation, or prevention of disease. Taken alone, and in its widest sense...
-Introduction. Part 2
The practice of treating a disease according to its name, without minutely examining into each particular case, and adapting the appropriate remedies to the several indications which present themselve...
-Introduction. Part 3
All medicines act on the system either directly or indirectly. Of the first class, or those which act directly, we have examples in the Ergot of Rye, on the uterine muscular fibre; in Cantha-rides, on...
-1. Affinity Of Botanical Characters
- It is undoubtedly true, that in some orders and classes of plants, a strong similarity in action and properties pervades each individual of the class; but at the same time, there are so many excepti...
-4. Experiments Upon Animals
- M.uch stress has been laid on this method of ascertaining the effects of medicines, and applying the results so obtained, by analogy, to the human frame. This mode of procedure is, however, open to ...
-Experiments Upon Animals. Continued
1. Idiosyncrasy - Many persons are peculiarly susceptible to the action of certain medicines; no reason can be assigned for this extreme susceptibility, but of the fact of its existence in some ind...
-4. Temperament And Diathesis Influence The Operation Of Medicinal Agents
The sanguine and sanguineo-nervous temperaments bear the loss of blood and other antiphlogistic treatment much better than the nervous and phlegmatic; but, on the other hand, stimulants which would in...
-5. Habits And Mode Of Life Likewise Exercise A Powerful Influence
The inhabitants of large, over-crowded cities, those who work in close, ill-ventilated manufactories, and at the same time have barely a sufficiency of food, and even that of an inferior description, ...
-6. Race, Also, Doubtless Exercises An Influence
A striking illustration of this may be found in the natives of Hindostan. Their power of bearing the action of evacuants, particularly of blood-letting, is very limited; and the same vigorous antiphlo...
-Race, Also, Doubtless Exercises An Influence. Continued
3. The Regulation Of The Dose - Almost every article in the Materia Medica operates differently when given in a small and in a large dose. Tartar Emetic, for example, in doses of from 1/12 to 1/6 o...
-Race, Also, Doubtless Exercises An Influence. Continued. Continued
* Library of Medicine, vol i. p. 174. 5. Certain morbid conditions of the body, or the intensity of the disease, must, of necessity, greatly modify the action of the remedy. Illustrations of this a...
-7. The Influence Of Diet On The Action Of Medicines Is Very Considerable
The medical man who contents himself with merely ordering certain medicines, and who does not at the same time regulate the patient's diet, neglects to avail himself of a most valuable auxiliary, and ...
-10. Season Is Also A Modifying Agent
Some diseases, independent of all remedial measures, improve at certain seasons, and retrograde at others. We have a good example of this in scrofulous affections: in the spring this disease in every ...
-1. Acacia
AcaciAe Gummi. Gum Acacia. Gum Arabic. A gummy exudation from the stem of Acacia Vera, A. Arabica, and other allied species. Nat. Ord. LeguminosAe. Linn. Syst. Polygamia Moncia. Source, Various - Cord...
-7. Acetone
Pyro-acetic Ether. Pyro-acetic Spirit. C6H6O2. A product of the distillation of Acetate of Lime, with excess of quick-lime; it is a colourless, volatile, inflammable liquid, with a peculiar penetratin...
-8. Acetum
Vinegar. Sp. Gr. 1.008 to 1.022. Impure Dilute Acetic Acid, prepared from French wines by the acetous fermentation. Med. Prop. and Action. The different kinds of Vinegar (Acetum Gallicum, Wine Vine...
-Acetum. Part 2
10. In Scarlatina, Dilute Acetic Acid,'Internally, Is Strongly Recommended By Mr Isaac B. Brown. He considers that it is more efficacious than any other treatment, and that it tends to prevent the ...
-Acetum. Part 3
19. To Burns And Scalds, Mr. Cleghorn, a brewer of Edinburgh, advised the use of vinegar; and for many years his treatment was followed by the profession, in Europe and America. He recommended the ...
-23. Acidum Aceticum Glaciale
Glacial Acetic Acid. Mono-hydrated Acetic Acid, HO, C4H3Oa. Prepared by decomposing fused Acetate of Soda with Sulphuric Acid. A colourless liquid, with a pungent acetous odour, converted, when cooled...
-26. Nvus Maternus
Dr. Behrend, of Berlin, advises, in the case of small flat nAevi, the application of strong Acetic Acid, followed by compresses soaked in vinegar. Under this treatment, the blood is made to coagulate ...
-28. Aconitia
Aconitia. (Aconitine.) An Alkaloid, C60H47 NO14, obtained from the root of Aconitum Napellus. Med. Prop, and Action. Sedative poison, too powerful for internal use. In man and animals its action se...
-30. Aconitom Napellus
Monkshood. Nat. Ord. Ranuncu-laceae. Linn. Syst. Polyandria Trigynia. Hab. Mountains and Hills of various parts of Europe and Asia. England. Med. Prop. and Action. Sedative, anodyne, and antiphlogi...
-Aconitom Napellus. Part 2
32. Mode Of Administration As an Anodyne, Anti-Neuralgic, and Calmative, Dr. Fleming directs ev. of his Tincture, to be given at first, thrice daily; the quantity to be increased daily, to the exte...
-Aconitom Napellus. Part 3
34. In Sciatica, It Was Employed By Dr Fleming in twelve cases. Of these, seven were completely cured, two temporarily cured, two partially relieved, and in one case only was no benefit experienced...
-36. Headache
Of fifteen cases of headaches, arising from various causes, treated with Aconite by Dr. Fleming, ten were completely cured. Of the ten successful cases, three were nervotis, four plethoric, and three ...
-Headache. Continued
41. In Erysipelas, Aconite Was Highly Esteemed By The Late Mr Liston, who observes that the exhibition of the Extract (Ph. L.) in this and other inflammatory affections, is often followed by great ...
-47. Acorus Calamus
Calamus Aromaticus. Sweet Flag. Nat. Ord. Gramineae. Linn, Syst, Hexandria Monogynia. Hab. Many parts of Europe and North America. Med.. Prop. and Action. The Root or Bhizome is carminative and mil...
-50. Actea Racemosa
Cimicifuga Racemosa. Black Snake-root. Nat. Ord. Ranunculaceae. Hab. North America and Canada. Med. Prop. and Action. The Root from its bitterness has been deemed tonic, and from its popular use in...
-55. Adeps
Adeps PrAeparatus. Axungia. Fat of Sus Scrofa, the Hog. Hog's Lard purified by heat. Med. Prop. and Action. Lard is emollient; it is extensively employed in making ointments and cerates Medicinally...
-60. Aegle Marmelos
Bela. Bael. Bilva, or Bengal Quince. Nat. Ord. Aurantiaceae. Linn. Syst. Decandria Monogynia.' Hab. East Indies, Malabar and Coromandel, and Ceylon. * Op. cit. Diseases of the Skin, p. 14. M...
-62. Alcohol
Absolute Alcohol. Hydrate of Oxide of EthyL C4 H5 O,HO. Sp. Gr. 0.795. Spiritus Rectificatus. Rectified Spirit. Sp. Gr. 0.838. Spiritus Tenuior. Proof Spirit. Sp. Gr. 0.920. Spiritus Vini Gallici. Spi...
-72. Allium Cepa (Bulbus)
The Bulb of the Common Onion. Allium Porrum (Bulbus). The Bulb of the Leek. Allium Sativum (Bulbus). The Bulb of the Common Garlic. Nat. Ord. Liliaceae. Linn. Syst. Hexandria Monogynia. Med. Pro...
-80. Aloe
The Inspissated Juice of the Leaves of Aloe Spicata, Aloe Vulgaris, Aloe Perfoliata, Aloe Socotrina, and other species of Aloe. Nat. Ord. Liliaceae. Linn. Syst. Hex-andria Monogynia. Source, Barbadoes...
-81. Observations On The Use Of Aloes
Mr. Greenhow,* to whom we are indebted for the following judicious remarks, states, that for several years, he has employed Aloes in every variety of dose, and that he has uniformly found that very sm...
-Observations On The Use Of Aloes. Continued
85. In Amenorrha, Schonlein Recommends The Injection Of Gr x. of Aloes in a small quantity of warm fluid, to be thrown into the rectum at the period when the catamenia should occur. He states that ...
-91. Althaea Officinalis
Marsh Mallow. Nat. Ord. Malvaceae. Linn. Syst. Monadelphia Polyandria. Hah. Southern Europe, England. Med. Prop. and Action. The leaves and roots are demulcent. It is best given in the form of deco...
-92. Alumen
Alum. The sulphate of Alumina and Potash. A12O3, 3 SO3 + KO, SO3 + 24HO. Med. Prop, and Action. Alum is astringent and styptic, whether employed internally or externally. Its local effects depend u...
-Alumen. Continued
95. In Colica Pictonum, Alum Is One Of The Most Efficacious Remedies We Possess It was introduced into England, from Holland, by Dr. Percival in 1774, and since that period, it has been extensivel...
-101. Affections Of The Mouth, Throat, And Fauces
In Angina Membranacea, in Diphtheritis and Catarrhal Affections of the Throat, the local apphcation of Alum is very serviceable. In chronic cases, when the mucous membrane is much congested, and cover...
-Affections Of The Mouth, Throat, And Fauces. Continued
109. In Prolapsus Uteri, The Same Measure Is Attended With The Best Effects Dr. Nevins * also speaks highly of a pessary composed of equal parts of powdered Galls and Alum, inclosed in a fine musli...
-115. Hemorrhagic Diseases
The value of Alum in Menorrhagia and HAematuria has been already considered. It likewise proves serviceable in purely atonic Hemoptysis. Dr. Theophilus Thompson * considers that it is one of the best ...
-122. To Chilblains, An Alum Poultice (Sect
114) is stated to be an excellent application. It is only admissible in unbroken chilblains. 123. To indolent and other Ulcers, whether of the skin or mucous membranes, Alum has been found servicea...
-124. Amber Succinum
Probably the resin of some coniferous tree. Source, Northern Europe, Assam, Japan, China, &c. Med. Prop. and Action. Stimulant? It yields, on distillation, an acid and an oil (Succinic Acid and Suc...
-128. Ammonia
A combination of 1 Eq. of Nitrogen and 3 of Hydrogen. At ordinary temperatures it is gaseous. By a pressure of 6.5 atmospheres, at 40 F., it is condensed into a transparent, colourless fluid. Sp....
-129. Ammoniae Acetatis Liquor
Solution of the Acetate of Ammonia. Spirit of Mindererus. NH4O, C4 H3 O3, dissolved in water. Sp. gr. 1 .06. Prep. Strong solution of Ammonia fl. oz. iiiss.; Acetic Acid fl. oz. x., or a sufficiency o...
-137. Ammoniae Benzoas
Benzoate of Ammonia, NH4O,C14H5O3 + HO. Prep. Neutralize oz. ij. of Benzoic Acid with fl. oz. iij. of Solution of Ammonia mixed with fl. oz. viij. of Distilled Water. Evaporate at a gentle heat and cr...
-139. Ammonii Bromidum
Bromide of Ammonium. A Combination of Ammonia with Hydrobromic Acid, NH3 + HBr. =NH4Br. Med. Prop. and Action Dr. Gibb has investigated the physiological effects of this salt. He finds that as an a...
-144. Ammoniae Carbona8
Carbonate of Ammonia. Sesqui-carbonate of Ammonia (Ph. Lond. and Dub.). Called also the Sub-carbonate of Ammonia. Volatile, or Smelling Salts. Salts of Hartshorn. Baker's Salt. A compound of Carbonic ...
-147. Cancrum Oris
Mr. Wallace states that he has seen some very severe cases of Cancrum Oris cured by the internal use of the Sesquicarbonate, in doses of gr. v., gradually increased to gr. x. - xx., every 2 or 3 hours...
-148. Diabetes Mellitus
Dr. Barlow considers the Sesquicarbonate of Ammonia as the most clearly indicated and the most efficacious remedy in this disease. The following is the theory on which he formed this opinion. He belie...
-Diabetes Mellitus. Part 2
152. In Epilepsy, Dr Pereira* states that he has employed the Sesquicarbonate with obvious benefit. It should be given in large doses (gr. x. - gr. xx. for an adult), properly diluted. He found it ...
-Diabetes Mellitus. Part 3
156. In Acute Glanders It Proved Successful In A Case Which Came Under The Care Of Mr Wilkinson.* The treatment employed is thus summed up: - 1, An incision into each of the Whartonian ducts...
-161. Ammoniae Citras
Citrate of Ammonia. A solution of this salt may be extemporaneously obtained by saturating gr. xx. of the Sesquicarbonate of Ammonia with fl. drs. vj. of Lemon-juice, or with gr. xxvj. of Citric Acid ...
-165. Ammoniae Formias
Formiate of Ammonia. A combination of 1 eq. of Formic Acid and 1 eq. of Oxide of Ammonium. NH4O, C2 HO3. Med. Prop. and Uses. A general stimulant. It has lately been used by Dr. Ramskill as a stimu...
-166. Ammoniae Hydrochloras
The Hydrochlorate or Muriate of Ammonia, Chloride of Ammonium, Sal Ammoniac. NH4C1. A compound of Hydrochloric Acid 31.95, and Ammonia 6805 in 100 parts. *On Stomach and Renal Dis. 3rd Ed. Lecture...
-168. Acne Simplex
In obstinate cases, I have seen much benefit from the use of the following, formula of Dr. Todd: - Ammon. Hydrochlor. 3j., Alum. 3iij., Potass. Sulphuret. j., Aq. Ros. lb. ss., M. ft. lotio. ...
-169. Albugo, White Opacity Of The Cornea
Scarpa advises the annexed formula in these cases. In some obstinate cases, he found it aid' the process of absorption: - Ammon Hydrochlor. ij., Cupri Acet. gr. iv., Aq. Calcis fiv., M. ft. collyrium...
-170. Aphonia
A case is related by Dr. Gerner, in which a young lady, in consequence of exposure to cold, entirely lost her voice. Numerous remedies were tried in vain, for three months. She, at last, complet...
-171. Ecchymosis Of The Eye, Vulgo Black Eye
A very good application, when black Bryony cannot be procured, is the Hydrochlorate of Ammonia in solution, mixed with bread or linseed, so as to form a soft poultice. (Tyrrell.*) It tends to prevent ...
-172. Face Ache
Tic Douloureux. Rheumatic Affection of the Face. Dr. Watson states that he has found the Hydrochlorate, in doses of 3ss., repeated four times daily, of great service in numerous cases, particularly w...
-173. Amenorrha
This salt is strongly recommended by Sundelin, as an emmenagogue, in those cases in which the disease depends on, or is connected with, inactivity of the Uterus. (Pereira.) Of late years it has been l...
-174. Hydrocele
A radical cure may sometimes be effected by the topical application of a strong discutient lotion. This plan of treatment is chiefly, if not solely, adapted to recent cases, which have arisen from ext...
-177. Scirrhus Of The Stomach
Amongst others who strongly advocates the use of the Hydrochlorate in this affection, is Trussen. He states that he derived decided benefit from it, in doses of gr. xv. every two hours, combined with...
-186. Ammoniae Hydeosulphueetum
Hydrosulphuret of, or Hepatized Ammonia. Bihydrosulphate of Ammonia, NH3, 2HS, or Hydrosulphate of the Sulphide of Ammonium, NH4S,HS. Prepared by saturating a solution of Ammonia with Hydrosulphuric A...
-188. Hypertrophy Of The Heart
The Hydrosulpburet has been extensively employed by Drs. Marsh,t Thwaites. and Graves, as a means of lowering the action of the heart, without inducing much debility. It does not appear to have ...
-191. Ammonii Iodidum
Iodide of Ammonium. NH4I. Hydrio-date of Ammonia. Obtained by the action of Iodine, on a solution of the Hydrosulphuret of Ammonia, or by saturating liquid Hydriodic Acid with Caustic Ammonia and evap...
-195. Ammonlae Liquor Fortior
Strong Solution of Ammonia. Ammoniacal Gas dissolved in water and constituting 32 5 per cent. of the solution. Sp. Gr. 0.891. AmmoniAe Liquor. Solution of Ammonia. Is formed by adding to every Oj. ...
-197. Amaurosis Depending Upon Decreased Sensibility Of The Nerve
In these cases the vapour of the strong solution, directed properly against the eye, is occasionally of great service. It should be applied in a proper vessel, sufficiently near the eye to cause a sma...
-199. Apoplexy
In atonic cases, in which bleeding is contra-indicated, diffusible stimulants may be given with advantage. Of these, one of the best is Liq. AmmoniAe (xij. - xv.) in water. The vapour may also...
-200. Chronic Bronchitis
Dr. Williams * advises the subjoined embrocation as an efficacious and permanent counter-irritant: - ft Liq. Ammon. fss. - fj., 01. Amygd. fss., Aq. fij., 01. Rosmarini f 3j., M. This formula may also...
-201. Bites Of Venomous Snakes And Insects
Ammonia, as a remedy for snake bites, was first introduced into France by Jussieu, in 1747, although it appears that Dr. Mead had employed it in England previous to that date. It is certainly a powerf...
-202. Epilepsy, Congestion Of The Brain Arising From Debility
Dr. Hope % advises, in these cases, the internal use of volatile diffusible stimulants. Of these, he has found the subjoined formula by far the most efficacious: ft Liq. Ammon. xij., Aq. Menth...
-203. Pruritus Pudendi
Dr. Dewees || relates a very obstinate case of Pruritus in a female, which completely yielded to injections into the vagina of a mixture of f3ss. - f3j. of the solution in Oss. of water. It succeeded...
-204. Tic Douloureux, Neuralgic Affections Of The Face
M. Ducros* and other French physicians have found that Liq. Ammonia?, applied with a camel's-hair brush to the palate and gums, so as to cause a profuse discharge of tears and saliva, rapidly cured so...
-209. Febrile And Inflammatory Diseases
Pereira || enumerates the following instances in which the internal use of Ammonia proves serviceable, as a stimulant and sudorific. In continued Fevers, which have existed for some time, and where al...
-210. Ammoniae Phosphas
Phosphate of Ammonia. A combination of 3 eq. of Oxide of Ammonium with 1 eq. of Tri-basic Phosphoric Acid. 3NH4O, PO5 + 5HO. Med. Prop. and Action. This salt has been recommended as an excitant, di...
-212. Ammoniae Spiritus Aromaticus
Aromatic Spirit of Ammonia. Spirit of Sal Volatile. Prep. Carbonate of Ammonia oz. viij., strong Sol. of Ammonia fl. oz. iv., Volatile Oil of Nutmegs fl. drs. iv., Oil of Lemon fl. drs. vj., Rect. Sp....
-214. Ammoniae Spiritus Famous
Fetid Spirit of Ammonia, Ph L. E D. A Solution of the Volatile Oil of Assaftida in Spirit of Ammonia. Med. Prop. and Action. Stimulant and anti-spasmodic. Dose. exx. - fl. drm. j. 215. Therapeut...
-216. Ammoniae Valerianas
Valerianate of Ammonia. Obtained by the action of Valerianic Acid on a strong Solution of Ammonia. It is obtained in a crystalline form, but as it is very deliquescent, and thus becomes uncertain in i...
-218. Ammoniacum
Gum Ammoniacum. The Gum Resin of Dorema Ammoniacum (Don); of Heracleum Gummiferum (Willd.); of Ferula Tingitana (Lindley). Nat. Ord. Um-belliferAe. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Digynia. Source, Bombay, havi...
-223. Amygdalae Amarae
Bitter Almonds. Amygdalae Dulce~. Sweet Almonds. The Bitter and the Sweet Almonds are obtained from closely-allied varieties of Amygdalus Communis. Nat. Ord. Rosaceae; Div. Amygdaleae; Linn. Sys...
-227. Amylene
An anaesthetic agent prepared by distilling Amylic Alcohol with Chloride of Zinc. Comp. C10H10. Discovered by Balard in 1844. Med. Prop. and Action. Amylene was introduced as an anAesthetic in 1856...
-228. Amyli Iodidum
Iodide of Starch. Prepared by rubbing Iodine (gr. xxiv. moistened with a few drops of spirit) with Starch (oz.j.) until the powder assumes a uniform blue colour, and drying with a gentle heat so as no...
-230. Amylum
Starch. FAecula of the Seeds of Triticum Vulgare. Common Wheat. Nat. Ord. Gramineae. Linn. Syst. Triandria Digynia. Med. Prop. and Action. 1, an antidote in poisoning by Iodine; 2, a test for the p...
-231. Anacahuite Wood
A product of Mexico. Its botanical origin was for some time involved in obscurity; but it has been ascertained to be the wood of Cordia Boissieri, D.C., the Nacahuite ofthe Mexicans. Med. Prop. and...
-232. Anethum Graveolens
Common Dill. Nat. Ord. Umbel-liferAe. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Digynia. Hab. S. Europe, England. Med. Prop. and Action. The fruit (off.), commonly called the seed, is carminative and stomachic. The d...
-234. Aniline
C12H7N. A volatile oily alkaloid, obtainable from indigo and from other sources, but principally from coal tar, from which it is extensively prepared for the purpose of forming certain dyes. Med. P...
-236. Anisi Frictus
Aniseed. The fruit, commonly called the seeds, of Pimpinella anisum. Nat. Ord. UmbelliferAe. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Digynia. Hab. Europe, Egypt, Asia. Oil of Anise is also distilled from the fruit of ...
-239. Anthemis Nobilis
Common Chamomile or Camomile. Nat. Ord. CompositAe. Linn. Syst. Syngenesia Superflua. Hab. Europe. Med. Prop. and Action. The Flowers (off.) are aromatic and tonic, and are said to be slightly anod...
-244. Antimonium
Antimony. This metal, though not used in its metallic state internally, at the present day, was formerly employed as an emetic and purgative. Its chief medicinal value is as the basis of the following...
-245. Antimonium Tartaratum
Tartarated Antimony. Antimonii Potassio-Tartras (Ph. Lond.); Potassio-Tartrate of Antimony; Antimonium Tartarizatum; Tartarized Antimony; Tartar Emetic, SbO3,KO, C8H4 O10 + 2 HO. A compound of Teroxid...
-246. Therapeutic Uses Fevers
In Inflammatory, Continued, and Remittent Fevers, Tartar Emetic is a most valuable remedy, fulfilling two important indications, viz. subduing the morbidly increased action of the heart and arterial s...
-248. Internal Inflammations
In Acute Inflammation of the Heart or its Membranes; in that of the Lungs, Pleura, Peritoneum, the Brain and its Membranes; and also in Acute Bronchitis, Tartar Emetic is a powerful therapeutic agent....
-249. Pneumonia
The employment of large doses of Tartar Emetic in the treatment of acute inflammation was introduced by Rasori, in 1808. His success was reported to be so great that Laennec was induced to make a tria...
-251. Croup
Tartar Emetic, in the treatment of Croup, is a remedy of great value. Dr. Cheyne * speaks in the highest terms of its efficacy. He regards it as the only medicine entitled to confidence in the second ...
-252. Laryngitis
Tartar Emetic, in these cases, is often highly serviceable. It should be continued so as to keep up nausea, without producing vomiting. The following formula is recommended by Dr. Cheyne: - Ant. P. T...
-253. Acute Hydrocephalus
Laennec successfully treated several cases of acute Hydrocephalus with Tartar Emetic, in doses of gr. xij., and subsequently gr. xviij. - xx., daily. Dr. Mills adopted a modification of this treatment...
-258. Haemoptysis
It has been recommended in HAemoptysis, attended with considerable arterial action. ...
-259. Hydarthrosis, Articular Dropsies
Tartar Emetic appears to exercise a powerful influence in these cases. M. Gimelle particularly speaks highly of its efficacy. In 28 cases treated by him, the dose administered at the commencement was...
-260. Insanity
When a full, hard pulse and a hot, dry skin coexist with maniacal excitement, no class of remedies is more indicated than nauseant diaphoretics; and of these Dr. Pritchard prefers Tartar Emetic, 2 or...
-262. Delirium Tremens
The German physicians place much reliance on Tartar Emetic in this disease. Stoll administered it in very large doses, gr. vij. often repeated; but this practice has few advocates. Dr. Hoegh Guldberg ...
-263. Puerperal Convulsions
Dr. Collins speaks highly of the value of Tartar Emetic in these cases. Having freely bled the patient, and administered a strong purgative, he advises the following mixture: - Aq. Pulegii fviij., A...
-264. Tetanus
Tartar Emetic, from its well-known power of relaxing the system, has occasionally been employed in Tetanus. Cases successfully treated by it are recorded by Mr. Liston, Mr. Woodward,** and other...
-265. Hooping Cough
A popular remedy is an aqueous solution of Tartar Emetic (gr. j. to Aq. fij-), to which is added T. Opii gutt. xx. Of this a teaspoonful is a dose. It is stated to be very efficacious (Watson). Genera...
-268. Plethora
In these cases, Dr. Turnbull advises 1/8 of a grain of Tartar Emetic, combined with 3j. - 3ij. of Epsom Salts, to be taken every morning. It is particularly adapted to that form of Plethora den...
-271. Strangulated Hernia
In these cases Tartar Emetic has occasionally been used for the purpose of relaxing the muscular system, and facilitating the return of the bowel. It is rarely advisable, and is inferior in efficacy t...
-273. Ptyalism
Dr. Maxwell. of the Madras Medical Ser-vice, advises Tartar Emetic in these cases to be given in repeated doses, so as to keep the system fully under its influence. It is advised to be given largely d...
-275. Dislocations
In reducing long-standing dislocations, Tartar Emetic is a valuable adjunct to blood-letting and the hot bath, in relaxing the muscular system. The dose must be regu- lated by the strength and age of ...
-280. Bubo
Mr. Milton advises Tartar Emetic to be given in grain doses every second hour, until a marked effect is produced upon the inflammatory swelling. He states that this treatment is very efficacious, and...
-281. Vinum Antimoniale Antimonial Wine
Vinum Antimonii Potassio-Tartratis (Ph. L.). A Solution of Tartarated Antimony grs xl. in Oj. of Sherry. Each fl. oz. j. contains grs. ij. of Tartar Emetic. Med. Prop. and Action. Diaphoretic and e...
-282. Unguentum Antimonii Tartarati
Ointment of Tartarated Antimony. Unguentum Antimonii Potassio-Tartratis (Ph. L.) Tartar Emetic Ointment. Prep. Tartarated Antimony in fine powder, oz. 1/4. Simple Ointment, oz. j. * Trans. of Pharm...
-291. Hysteria
For pain in the Left side, so constantly found associated with Hysteria, Dr. Conolly advises the application of Tartar Emetic Ointment (3j. to 3ij. or 3iij. of Lard), to be rubbed over that portion of...
-295. Antimonii Iodidum
Iodide or Ioduret of Antimony. Antimonii Oxy-iodidum. Oxy-iodide of Antimony. Med. Prop. and Action. Alterative and diaphoretic. Dr. Vanden Corput,* of Brussels, from an examination of these prepar...
-297. Antimonii Oxidum
Oxide of Antimony. Teroxide of Antimony. SbO,. Insoluble in water, but pretty readily dissolved by weak acids. In the stomach it is probably converted into a salt, and absorbed into the system. It is ...
-298. Antimonium Sulphuratcm
Sulphurated Antimony. Antimonii Oxysulphuretum (Lond.). Antimonii Sulphuretum Aureum (Ed.). Antimonii Sulphuretum PrAecipitatum (Dub.). Tersulphuret of Antimony, SbS3, with a small but variable amount...
-299. Antimonii Terchloridum
Terchloride of Antimony. SbCl . Chloride or Muriate of Antimony. Antimonii Terchloridi Liquor. Terchloride of Antimony. SbCl3, dissolved in Hydrochloric Acid. Butter of Antimony. Sp. gr. 1.47. M...
-300. Apiol
Apiolum. The peculiar principle of the seeds of Petroselinum sativum, or Common Parsley, obtained by treating them with Alcohol at 158 to 176 F. It occurs in the form of a yellowish oily liq...
-303. Apocynum Androsaemifolium
(U. S. Ph.) Dog's Bane. Fly-trap. Nat. Ord. Apocyneae. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Digynia. Hab. The whole of North America. Med. Prop. and Action. The root is emetic and diaphoretic. It is stated to be...
-304. Archangelica Officinalis
Garden Angelica. Nat. Ord. UmbelliferAe. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Digynia. Hab. Europe. Med. Prop. and Action. The whole plant is stimulant and stomachic. The root and fruit (seeds) are princip...
-306. Arctium Lappa
Lesser Burdock. Clitbur. Nat. Ord. CompositAe. Linn. Syst. Syngenesia Aequalis. Hab. Europe. A closely allied species is found in the Himalayas. Med. Prop. and Action. The root is tonic, diur...
-308. Argentum. Silver
Silver. A metal, which, in its native state, appears to be totally inert. Medicinally, it is, however, of great value, as the basis of the following preparations. 309. Argenti Chloridum Chloride...
-312. Diarrhoea And Dysentery
Dr. Perry|| (U.S.) strongly recommends the Chloride of Silver in these affections, after the inflammatory symptoms have subsided. He advises it in doses of gr. 1/2 to gr. iij., gradually increased to ...
-313. Argenti Nitras
Nitrate of Silver. AgO, NO5. Called also Argentum Nitratum, Argentum Nitrieum, Lunar Caustic. A compound of Oxide of Silver 68.24, Nitric Acid 31.76, in 100 parts, or 1 Eq. Oxide of Silver = 116 + 1 N...
-Argenti Nitras. Part 2
7. It Is Also Advisable That The Patient Should Not Be Much Exposed To The Sun In some instances exposure seems to have promoted or hastened the blue appearance of the skin. 8. The Course May Be...
-Argenti Nitras. Part 3
318. In The Diarrhoea Of Phthisis, Dr Graves|| regards Nitrate of Silver, in doses of gr. j. three or four times daily, one of the best remedies. 319. In Dysentery, Acute and Chronic, the ...
-Argenti Nitras. Part 4
322. In Jaundice, The Nitrate, In Doses Of Gr 3/4 twice daily, is recommended on theoretical principles by Dr. Peebles (U.S.). He relates an illustrative case, in which the Jaundice disappeared on ...
-Argenti Nitras. Part 5
325. In The Purulent Ophthalmia Of Infants, Dr Mackenzie* states that he derived much benefit from a solution of the Nitrate (gr. iv. in Aq. Dest. fj.). This he applies by means of a tine camel's-...
-Argenti Nitras. Part 6
334. In Pruritus Pudendi, Dr A. T. Thompson states that in one very obstinate case, which resisted all other remedies, he found decided benefit from pencilling the parts once or twice daily with ...
-336. Spermatorrha
Sir E. Home was the first who recommended cauterizing the urethra as a means of arresting involuntary spermatic discharges. It was subsequently introduced into France, and adopted by Lallemand, who st...
-343. Diseases Of The Mouth And Throat
Croup. A strong solution of the Nitrate of Silver (gr.xx., Aq. Dest. fj.) was first employed as a local application in this disease, by Prof. Mackenzie, of Glasgow, in 1825; more recently, it ha...
-349. Exanthemata And Cutaneous Affections
In Small-pox, the local application of the Nitrate to the pustules has been proposed as a means of arresting the disease in the vesicular or papular stage, and also of preventing subsequent pitting ...
-Exanthemata And Cutaneous Affections. Continued
353. Encysted Tumours, According To The Experience Of Mr. Erasmus Wilson, are effectually cured by laying them open with a lancet or bistoury, pressing out their contents, and injecting the cyst ...
-358. To Sore Or Chapped Nipples The Nitrate Of Silver Is Very Effectual
The nipple should be first carefully dried, and touched with a sharp point of the Nitrate, care being taken to insinuate the pencil into the fissures. The part is then to be washed with a little warm ...
-To Sore Or Chapped Nipples The Nitrate Of Silver Is Very Effectual. Part 2
362. In Obstinate Otorrha, Mr Wilde advises the application of the Nitrate, lightly, to the external auditory passage. 363. In Coryza, M Tessier|| speaks highly of the efficacy of ...
-To Sore Or Chapped Nipples The Nitrate Of Silver Is Very Effectual. Part 3
368. As A Preventive Against Hydrophobia, Mr. Youatt, a most competent authority, extols the Nitrate of Silver. Immediately on the bite being received, the caustic should be freely applied to the ...
-372. Argenti Oxidum
Oxide of Silver. Ag. O. Called also Argentum Oxydatum Euscum and Argenti Protoxidum. Is a compound of Silver 93.103, Oxygen 6.897, in 100 parts; or 1 Eq. Silver = 108 + 1, Oxygen = 8 = 116, Eq. Wt. ...
-380. Aristolochia Indica
Indian Birthwort. (Ishurmool, Hind.) Nat. Ord. Aristolochiaceae. Linn. Syst. Gynan-dria Hexandria. Hab. Widely extended over India. Med. Prop. and Action. The leaves of this plant have recently obt...
-381. Armoraciae Radix
The Root of Cochlearia Armoracia. Horse-radish Plant. Nat. Ord. CuciferAe. Linn. Syst. Tetradynamia Siliculosa. Hab. England and N. Europe. Med. Prop. and Action. Stimulant sudorific and diuretic, ...
-387. Arnica Montana
Mountain Arnica. Mountain Tobacco. Nat. Ord. CompositAe. Linn. Syst. Syngenesia Superflua. Hab. Mountains of Europe, America, and Siberia. Med. Prop. and Action. The leaves and flowers, in doses of...
-393. Arsenicum
Arsenic. A metal not employed as a medicine in its native state, although it appears capable of acting as a powerful poison when taken into the stomach. Its chief value is as the basis of the followin...
-394. Acidum Arseniosum
Arsenious Acid. AsO3. White Oxide of Arsenic. Arsenicum Album. White Arsenic, vulgo Arsenic, is a compound of Arsenic 75.76, Oxygen 24.24, in 100 parts; or 1 Eq. Arsenic = 75 + 3 Oxygen (3 x 8) = 24 ...
-395. Rules For The Administration Of Arsenic
1. The bowels should be well cleared out by a purgative, previous to commencing a course of Arsenic. * Chambers' Edinburgh Journal, Dec. 20, 1851. Principles of Forensic Med. p. 466. 2. It sh...
-397. Neuralgic And Spasmodic Diseases
In Tic Douloureux, and Neuralgia, arising from Dyspepsia, and also in that connected with disorders of the Uterus, Mr Hunt states that he has derived the greatest amount of benefit from Arsenic, in c...
-Neuralgic And Spasmodic Diseases. Part 2
401. In Angina Pectoris, It Has Been Employed With, Varying Success It often fails, but many examples of its successful employment are on record. Amongst others, Mr. Alexander* relates a very ...
-Neuralgic And Spasmodic Diseases. Part 3
6. The Minimum Dose (I e. a dose which, if given continuously, affects the conjunctiva in the slightest possible degree) should be persevered in with unremitting regularity for as many months after...
-Neuralgic And Spasmodic Diseases. Part 4
410. In Urticaria Or Nettlerash, When It Assumes A Periodic Character, Dr Jonathan Green speaks highly of the value of Arsenic. It is best given in combination with Liq. PotassAe. 411. ...
-418. Uterine Affections
In carcinoma of the Uterus, in Irri-table Uterus, and in several cases of Menorrhagia, Arsenic has been used with decided benefit by Mr. Hunt, of Dartmouth. Its value in atonic Menorrhagia is co...
-425. Arsenici Iodidum
Iodide of Arsenic. Asl3. Properly Teriodide of Arsenic, called also the Ioduret or Hydrio-date of Arsenic. Is a compound of 1 Eq. Arsenic = 75 + 3 Eq. Iodine = 378 = 453, Eq. Wt. Med. Prop. and Act...
-430. Liquor Arsenicalis
Liquor PotassAe Arsenitis (Ph. Lond.). Fowler's Solution. Tasteless Ague Drop. A mixed Solution of Arsenite and Carbonate of Potash. Med. Prop. and Action. Are nearly similar to those of Arsenious ...
-431. Liquor Arsenici Chloridi, Ph
L. A Solution of Arsenious Acid in Hydrochloric Acid. Dr. Valangin's Solutio Solventis Mineralis. Philips's Solution of Chloride of Arsenic. Med. Prop. and Action. This preparation has been erroneo...
-432. Liquor Arsenici Et Hydrargyri Iodidi
Solution of the Iodide of Arsenic and of Mercury. Liquor Arsenici et Hy-drargyri Hydriodatis (Ph. D.). Solution of the Iodo-Arsenite of Mercury. Commonly known as Donovan's Solution. So called after i...
-434. Artemesia Absinthium And Artemesia Vulgaris
Wormwood. Nat. Ord. CompositAe. Linn. Syst. Syngenesia Su-perflua. Hab. England and Northern Europe. Med. Prop. and Action. The flowering tops and the whole plant are aromatic, tonic, and anthelmin...
-439. Artemesia Contra
Semen Contra of the Levant and Aleppo. Artemesia Judaica. Indian Semen Contra. Hab. Arabia, China, &c. Artemesia Santonica. Wormseed or Semen Santonicum. Hab. Persia. Imported from Russia. Me...
-440. Artemesia Moxa
A. Chinensis. A native of China, chiefly remarkable as the plant used in the preparation of the Moxa in the East. The Moxa was formerly much esteemed in Rheumatic Affections, Paralysis, r,nd Diseas...
-441. Asarum Europaeum
Common Asarabacca. Nat. Ord. AristolochiAe. Linn. Syst. Dodecandria Monogynia. Hab. England. Med. Prop. and Action. The dried leaves and the dried root were formerly much used as emetics, but they ...
-443. Assafoetida
The Gum-Resin obtained by incision from the living root of Narthex (Ferula, Linn.) Assaftida (Falconer). Nat. Ord. UmbelliferAe. Linn. Syst. Pentan-dria Trigynia. Source, Persia, Affghanistan, and the...
-Assafoetida. Continued
447. In Hysteria, Assaftida Is One Of The Most Powerful Medicines Which We Possess Its operation is generally speedy, uniform, and permanent. Its use is not confined to one form more than another, ...
-454. Atherospermum Moschattjm
Australian Sassafras. Nat. Ord. Atherospermaceae. Hab. Australia, Victoria, Tasmania. Med. Prop. and Action. The bark of this small tree, which has a fragrant odour and a pleasantly bitter camph...
-455. Atropa Belladonna
Deadly Nightshade. Deadly Dwale. Nat. Ord. Solanaceae. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Monogynia. Hab. England, Northern Europe. Flowers in June and July. Med. Prop. and Action. The leaves (off.) are anodyn...
-Atropa Belladonna. Part 2
2. Extractum Belladonnas (A green extract prepared from the juice.) Dose, gr. 1/6 - gr. j. 3. Tinctura Belladonnae (Belladonna Leaves In Coarse Powder Oz j.; Proof Spirit Oj. Prepared by mace...
-Atropa Belladonna. Part 3
459. In Spasmodic Coughs And Obstinate Hiccoughs, Dr De-breyne* speaks highly of the efficacy of Belladonna, in doses of gr. j. - ij., thrice daily. 460. In Nervous Coughs, M Sandras ...
-Atropa Belladonna. Part 4
468. In Delirium Tremens, Belladonna Occasionally Proves Useful A very aggravated case is related by Mr. Flood,** in which opium, tartar emetic, and other remedies, had tailed to produce any ...
-Atropa Belladonna. Part 5
474. In Scrofulous Ophthalmia, It Proves Most Useful Few remedies afford more relief to the distressing photophobia and other symptoms than the diligent use of a Belladonna collyrium. * Edin. ...
-Atropa Belladonna. Part 6
484. In Incontinence Of Urine In Children, Dr Morand|| states that he has successfully employed the Extract in doses of gr. 1/3, night and morning, for children from four to six years old. If at ...
-490. Scarlet Fever
Belladonna, as a preventive against Scarlet Fever, was first proposed by Hahnemann in 1807. Bayle, in 1830, published notices of 2,027 persons who took this medicine during an epidemic, and of these 1...
-Scarlet Fever. Continued
491. In Small-Pox, The Treatment Advised For Scarlet Fever Has Been Found Effectual Mr. E. Wilson states that he has seen this remedy exhibited with the greatest benefit, both as a ...
-502. Atropia
Atrophia. Atropine. C34,H23,NO6. A Crystalline Alkaloid obtained from the root of Atropa Belladonna, discovered by Brande, in 1819. Eq. Wt. 289. Med. Prop. and Action. Similar to Belladonna, but mu...
-509. Aurum
Gold. A metal found extensively in South America, California, and New Holland. Med. Prop. and Action. Gold, in its natural state, is reported to be possessed of considerable alterative properties i...
-513. Avena Sativa
The Common Oat. Nat. Ord. Gramineae. Linn. Syst. Triandria Digynia. It is an important article of food, and as such it is chiefly employed, particularly in Scotland. It is highly nutritious, contai...
-514. Balsamum Peruvianum
Balsam of Peru. The Balsam obtained by incision from the stem of Myrospermum PereirAe. Nat. Ord. LeguminosAe. Linn. Syst. Decandria Monogynia. Source, Salvador in Guatemala. Med. Prop. and Action. ...
-523. Balsamum Tolutanum
Balsam of Tolu. A Balsam obtained by incision from the stem of Myrospermum (My-roxylon) Toluiferum. A species closely allied to M. PereirAe. Source, the Mountains of Tolu in New Granada, and other par...
-524. Barii Chloridum
Chloride of Barium. BaCl + 2HO. Muriate of Barytes. A compound of Barium 56.326, Chlorine 28.980, Water 14.964, in 100 parts; or 1 Eq. of Barium = 69 + 1, Chlorine = 35.5 + 2, Water = 18 = 122.5, Eq. ...
-527. Barii Iodidum
Iodide of Barium, or Hydriodate of Barytes. Bal. A compound of Iodine and Barium, proposed as an effectual remedy in Scrofula and Scrofulous Affections. Being a violent poison, it requires to be used ...
-528. Beberia
Bebeerine. Alkali of Bebeeru Bark derived from Nectandra RodiAei, or Greenheart Tree, a native of British Guiana, called by the Indians, Bibeera; by the Dutch colonists, Sipeeri. Chem. Form. C38 H21 N...
-532. Benzoinum
Benzoin. Benjamin. A Resinous Exudation obtained from the incised stem of Styrax Benzoin. Nat, Ord. Styraceae. Linn. Syst. Decandria Monogynia. Sou. Sumatra, Borneo, Siam, and Java. Comp. Benzoic Acid...
-Benzoinum. Continued
538. In Pruritus Scroti, Mr E. Wilson states that pencilling the parts with the Compound Tincture {ante) will be found useful. .539. Benzoic Acid. Acidum Benzoicum. HO,C14H5O3. Flowers of ...
-543. Berberis Lycium And Berberis Aristata
Nat. Ord. Berberaceae. Linn. Syst. Hexandria Monogynia. Hab. The Himalayas. (Chitra-Kushmul, Hind.) Med. Prop. and Action. From these two plants the natives of India prepare a watery extract. calle...
-515. Bismuthum Album
White Bismuth. BiO3, NO5. Bis-muthi Nitras. (L. Ph.) The Nitrate of Bismuth, called also the Trisnitrate (L. Ph. 1836), the Subnitrate, and Magistery of Bismuth. Comp. 1 Eq. Teroxide of Bismuth = 237+...
-Bismuthum Album. Continued
547. In Hypochondriasis Attended With Gastric Irritation, Dr Prichard regards the Nitrate as almost the sole, or at any rate the best remedy, the bowels being at the same time properly ...
-556. Bismuthi Liquor
A Solution of the Ammonio-Citrate of Bismuth. Introduced by Mr. Schacht, of Clifton. The solution is perfectly transparent, with a slight alkaline reaction. Med. Prop. and Action. The advantages of...
-557. Bismuthi Subcarbonas
Subcarbonate of Bismuth. Carbonate of Bismuth. Prepared by adding a solution of pure Bismuth in Nitric Acid to an aqueous solution of the Carbonate of Soda: the white precipitate thus obtained is the ...
-559. Bismuthi Tannas
Tannate of Bismuth. A combination of Oxide of Bismuth and Tannic Acid, introduced by M. Cap,t of Paris, in 1859. It occurs in the form of a yellowish, insoluble, tasteless powder. Med. Prop. and Th...
-560. Bismuthi Vaifrianas
Valerianate of Bismuth. Formed by mixing a neutral solution of the Nitrate of Bismuth with Valerianate of Soda, washing the precipitate with water, and drying with a gentle heat. It forms a white powd...
-561. Brominium
Bromine. Bromine is obtained chiefly from bittern, the mother liquor of sea-water; from Kelp, or the ashes of sea-plants; but it has also been found in the mineral kingdom, in combination with Silver,...
-563. Brucia
Brucine. C46H26N2O8. An Alkaloid found in the bark and seeds of Strychnos Nux Vomica. It differs from Strychnine in being more readily soluble in water and alcohol, and in being coloured red by Nitric...
-665. Bryonia Nigra
Tamus Communis. Black Bryony. Nat. Ord. Cucurbitaceae. Linn. Syst. Dicia Hexandria. Hab. England and Northern Europe. 566. Therapeutic Uses. In Bruise Marks, Black Eye, Ecchy-mosis of the Conj...
-567. Bucco
Buchu, or Bookoo. The native African name of the leaves of Barosma (Diosma) betulina, Barosma crenulata, and Barosma serratifolia. Nat. Ord. Rutaceae. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Monogynia. Hab. The Cap...
-572. Byne
Malt is barley which has been made to germinate by moisture and warmth, and has been afterwards dried, by which the vitality of the seed is destroyed. By this process, part of the proteine matter of t...
-574. Cadini Oleum
Oil of Cade. Oleum Empyreumaticum Juniperi. A tarry oil obtained by the dry distillation of the wood of Juniperus Oxycedrus. Nat. Ord. ConiferAe. Linn. Syst. Dicia Monadelphia. Manufactured at Aix-la-...
-576. Cadmii Iodidum
Iodide of Cadmium. (Cdl.) Med. Prop. and Action. It has been found an efficient 'substitute for the Iodide of Lead in the form of ointment (gr. xxx. - lx. to Lard oz. j.). It is preferable to the I...
-577. Cadmii Sulphas
Sulphate of Cadmium. (CdO, SO3 + 4HO.) Obtained by dissolving Carbonate of Cadmium in dilute Sulphuric Acid, and evaporating the neutral salt, so that it may crystallize. (P.) Med. Prop. and Act...
-583. Cajuputi Oleum
Cayaputi Oil, or Oil of Cajuput. The volatile oil of the leaves of Melaleuca Minor (M. Cajuputi). Nat. Ord. Myrtaceae. Linn. Syst. Polydelphia Icosandria. Source, Moluccas, Borneo, and Java. Med. P...
-594. Calcii Chloridum
Chloride of Calcium. CaCl. Called also the Muriate and Hydrochlorate of Lime. A compound of Calcium 36.03, and Chlorine 63.97, in 160 parts; or 1 Eq. Calcium=20+ 1 Chlorine=35.5 = 55.5, Eq. Wt. Med...
-598. Calx Chlorata
Chlorinated Lime. Calcis Chlori-dum. Chloride of Lime; called also Hypochlorite of * Annals of Medicine, vol. i. p. 208. Edin. Med. Surg. Journ., vol. i. p. 147. Dispensatory, 8th Ed. p. 748. &...
-608. Calcis Liquor
Solution of Lime. Aqua Calcis. Lime Water is thus prepared: - Take Slaked Lime 2 oz., Distilled Water 1 gallon. Introduce the Lime into a stoppered bottle containing the Water, and shake well for two ...
-Calcis Liquor. Continued
613. In Cancer Of The Uterus, Dr Dewees* speaks favourably of Lime Water as a palliative. He advises Lime Water, a little warmed, to be thrown up into the vagina by a syringe, several times a day. ...
-622. Calcis Liquor Saccharatus
Brit. Pharm. Saccharated Solution of Lime is thus prepared: - Take Slaked Lime 1 oz., Refined Sugar 2 oz., Distilled Water 1 pint. Rub the Lime and Sugar together in a mortar, transfer the mixture to ...
-Calcis Liquor Saccharatus. Continued
625. Therapeutic Uses In Scrofula and Scrofulous Affections, the Phosphate of Lime is highly spoken of by Dr. Benche.* He considers, that although it cannot be said really to cure the scrofulous ...
-629. Calcis Sulphuretum
Sulphuret of Lime. Called also Hepar Calcis, or Liver of Lime. Med. Prop. and Action. The Sulphuret is not given internally; it ischiefly used in solution us a bath in Scabies and other cutaneous d...
-630. Calotropis Gigantea
Asclepias Gigantea, Linn. (Mudar, Hind.) Nat. Ord. Asclepiadeae. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Digynia. Hab. India generally, and the Tenasserim Provinces. Med. Prop. and Action. The root, bark, and juice...
-633. Calumba
CalumbAe Radix. Calumbo. The Root of Cocculus Palmatus (Menispermum Palmatum). Nat. Ord. Menispermaceae. Linn. Syst. Dicia Hexandria. Source, Mozambique, E. Africa, and the Isle of France. Med. Pro...
-640. Cambogia
Gamboge. The Gum Resin of an undetermined species of Garcinia. Nat. Ord. GuttiferAe. Source. Imported from Siam, the product probably of Hebradendron pictorium (Garcinia pictoria of Roxburgh). The Bur...
-645. Camphora
Camphor. A concrete volatile oil obtained by sublimation from the wood of Camphora Officinarum (Laurus Camphora of Linna?us), a native of China and Japan. Nat. Ord. Lauraceae. Linn. Syst. Enneandria M...
-Camphora. Part 2
616. Therapeutic Uses In Typhus and Typhoid Fevers; and in pevers, whatever may have been their original character, when they assume this type, Camphor proves a remedy of great value and power. Dr....
-Camphora. Part 3
652. In Asthma, Camphor, Observes Dr Copland,+ is one of the most generally beneficial of any of the class of narcotics or anti-spasmodics; and, when judiciously exhibited, is applicable to nearly ...
-Camphora. Part 4
658. To Relieve The Pains In The Loins Of Women In The Latter Stages Of Pregnancy, Dr. Montgomery;}: states that he has successfully employed an embrocation composed of equal parts of Camphor and ...
-Camphora. Part 5
667. In Incontinence Of Urine, M Guerard found great benefit from enemas composed of gr. iv. of Camphor, dissolved in the yolk of an egg, and mixed with fj. of water, so that it may be retained in ...
-Camphora. Part 6
675. To Prevent Bed Sores, Dr. Graves** advises washing the parts with Camphorated Spirits of Wine, when any discoloration occurs. In Eczema and other Skin Diseases attended with burning heat, ...
-676. Canella
CanellAe Cortex. The Bark of Canella alba. Nat. Ord. GuttiferAe. Linn. Syst. Dodecandria Mono-gynia. Source, South America and West Indies. Med. Prop. and Action. An aromatic stimulant. Its activit...
-678. Cannabis Indica Seu Sativa
Indian Hemp. The dried flowering tops of the female plant, from which the resin has not been removed. Nat. Ord. Urticaceae. Linn. Syst. Dicia Pentandria. Hab. Cultivated in India and Persia. The Hemp ...
-Cannabis Indica Seu Sativa. Continued
2. Tinctura Cannabis Indicae (1 Oz of the Extract dissolved in 1 pint of Rectified Spirit). Dose, ev. - exxx. 679. Therapeutic Uses Tetanus. Great hopes were entertained on the first introduc...
-681. Hydrophobia
Dr. O'shaughnessy relates one case in which he employed this remedy, and, although the result was eventually fatal, it afforded great temporary benefit and alleviation of the symptoms. He advises the ...
-684. Infantile Convulsions
One case of convulsions occurring in a child forty days old, in which Hemp was employed, and the child recovered, is related by Dr. O'shaughnessy. The case is highly interesting and curious, but of li...
-691. Rheumatism
Some highly interesting cases of Rheumatism successfully treated with Cannabis are related by Dr. O'shaughnessy. He observes that in several cases of Acute and Chronic Rheumatism half-grain doses of t...
-693. Canthahis
Cantharis Vesicatoria. Cantharides. The Blister Beetle or Spanish Fly. A Coleopterous Insect, formerly known as Lytta, and Meloe Vesicatoria. It is collected in Russia, Sicily, and Hungary, and is als...
-Canthahis. Part 2
3. Linimentum Cantharidis (Made By Macerating Oz viij. of powdered Cantharides in fl. oz. iv. of Acetic Acid for twenty-four hours, and then percolating the mixture with Oj. of Ether till fl. oz. x...
-Canthahis. Part 3
697. In Suppression Of Urine, Cantharides Proved Successful In The Hands Of Sir A Cooper, and in the practice of others it has occasionally been useful; but the treatment is not devoid of danger, ...
-Canthahis. Part 4
705. In Epilepsy, The Internal Use Of Cantharides Is Favourably Mentioned By Dr James Johnson. || It was much esteemed by some of the older physicians, but it does not appear to possess any great ...
-709. Capsicum Fastigiatum
(Annuum, Linn.) Common Capsicum. Guinea or Chili Pepper. Nat. Ord. Solanaceae-. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Monogynia. Hab. The Tropics generally. Imported from the Coast of Guinea and the East and West In...
-717. Carbazotic Acid
Acidum Carbazoticum. Picric Acid. Indigo Bitter. C12H, (NO4)3O,HO. Is obtained by the action of Nitric Acid on Indigo, and some other organic substances. It occurs in the form of bright yellow, shinin...
-719. Carbo Animalis
Animal Charcoal, when intended for medicinal purposes, is best obtained by calcining leather scraps or blood with pearlash, washing and re-heating the same in a close crucible. By these means a very g...
-720. Carbo Ligmi
Wood Charcoal. Wood charred by exposure to a red heat without access of air. Med. Prop. and Action. Antiseptic, disinfectant, and deodorising. In a minor degree it appears to be tonic and febrifuge...
-725. Carbolic Acid
Acidum Carbolicum. Phenol. Phenylic or Phenic Acid. C12H5O,HO. One of the products obtained by the distillation of Coal Tar. Impure Carbolic Acid occurs as a light oily fluid. The pure Acid forms a co...
-734. Carbonic Acid
Acidum Carbonicum. CO2. Fixed Air. Aerial Acid. Spiritus Lethialis of the ancients. Is at ordinary temperatures a gas. By pressure it is condensed into a liquid, and by intense cold it is solidified. ...
-Carbonic Acid. Continued
740. In Dysentery And Ulceration Of The Rectum, Dr Parkin strongly advocates the introduction of Carbonic Acid gas per anum. It may be introduced in the manner advised in Uterine affections ...
-743. Carbonii Bisulphuretum
Bisulphuret of Carbon. Bisulphide of Carbon. Sulpho-Carbonic Acid. Carburet of Sulphur. CS2. A limpid, colourless, extremely volatile fluid. A compound of Carbon 15.79, Sulphur 84.21, in 100 parts; or...
-744. Cardamine Pratensis
Cuckoo Flower. Nat. Ord. CruciferAe. Linn. Syst. Tetradynamia Siliculosa. Hab. Europe, England. Med. Prop.and Action. Stimulant and tonic. Dose of the dried flower gr. cxx. - gr. clxxx. Therapeu...
-745. Cardamomi Semina
The seeds of Elettaria Cardamomum. The Malabar or officinal Cardamom. Nat. Ord. Zingiber-aceae. Linn. Syst. Monandiia Monogynia. Hab. Malabar, Southern India, and Cochin. Med. Prop. and Action. Car...
-747. Carum Carui
Common Caraway. Nat. Ord. Umbel-liferAe. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Digynia. Hab. S. Europe, cultivated in England. Med. Prop. and Action. Caraway seeds are stomachic and carminative. The volatile oil ...
-749. Carvacrol
An oily liquid, very similar in appearance to Creasote, with a strong, unpleasant smell, and a hot, pungent taste. C26H18O2 = HO,C26Hl7O. It is formed by the action of Potassa, Iodine, or Hydrated Pho...
-751. Caryophyllus Aromaticus
(Eugenia Caryophyllata.) The Clove Tree. Nat. Ord. Myrtaceae. Linn. Syst. Icosandria Monogynia. Hab. East and West Indies. Cultivated in Penang, Bencoolen, and Amboyna. Med. Prop. and Action. The d...
-755. Cascarilla
CascarillAe Cortex. The Bark of Croton Eleuteria (not the Croton Cascarilla, as formerly supposed). Nat. Ord. Euphorbiaceae. Linn. Syst. Moncia Monadelphia. Source. The Bahama Islands. Med. Prop. ...
-761. Cassia Alata
(Duod-murden, Hind.) Nat. Ord. CAesal-pineae. A native of India, where it is much esteemed by the natives as a general tonic, and also as a remedy for the bites of poisonous snakes. 762. Therapeuti...
-763. Cassia Fistula
Cathartocarpus Fistula. Purging Cassia. Nat. Ord. CAesalpineae. Linn. Syst. Decandria Monogynia. Hab. East and West Indies, Egypt, &c. Med. Prop. and Action. The pulp of the pods (off.) is laxative...
-764. Castoreum
Castor. The dried PrAeputial Follicles and their secretion of Castor Fiber, the Common Beaver, an animal belonging to the order Rodentia. There are two kinds of Castor met with in commerce, the Russia...
-768. Catechu
Gum Catechu. An extract obtained chiefly from Acacia Catechu, but also from Areca Catechu, Butea Frondosa, Uncaria Gambir, and other trees. Two varieties have a place in the British Pharmacopoeia. ...
-778. Cedron
The seeds of Simaba Cedron, a tree. Nat. Ord. Simarubiaceae. Indigenous to New Grenada and Central America. Med. Prop. and Action. The intense bitterness of Cedron indicates its tonic quality. Amon...
-782. Centaurium
Lesser Centaury. ErythrAea Centaurium. Chironia Centaurium, &c. Nat. Ord. Gentianaceae. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Monogynia. Hab. The Heaths of England and Europe. Med. Prop. and Action. The whole pla...
-783. Cera
Cera Flava. Yellow Wax. Cera Alba. White Wax, or Bleached Wax. Wax is the prepared Honeycomb of Apis Mellifica, the Hive Bee. It is a compound of three substances, Cerine, Myricine, and Cerolein...
-785. Cerevisiae Fermentum
Yeast or Barm, the scum or residuum which forms during the process of fermentation of Beer. It is a mass of minute cryptogamic plants (Torula cerevisi). It consists of two parts: - 1. Cell-walls, comp...
-790. Ceriinitras
Nitrate of Cerium. Nitrate of the Protoxide of Cerium. CeO,NO5. Cerii Oxalas. Oxalate of Cerium. Oxalate of the Protoxide of Cerium. CeO,C2O3. Med. Prop. and Action. The Salts of Cerium are rega...
-793. Cetaceum
Spermaceti. A peculiar unctuous substance, obtained from the head of Physeter Macrocephalus, the Sperm or Spermaceti Whale, which inhabits the Pacific and Indian Oceans. It is composed almost entirely...
-795. Cetraria Islandica
Lichen Islandicus. Iceland Moss is found on the mountains of Northern Europe. Nat. Ord. Lichenes. Linn. Syst. Cryptogamia. 100 parts contain 44 of Starch, 3 of a bitter principle (Cetrarin, or Cetrari...
-798. Cetrarin
Cetraric Acid. The bitter principle of Cetraria Islandica, Iceland Moss, occurs in small, white, inodorous, intensely bitter acicular crystals, very slightly soluble in water, but readily so in alkali...
-800. Chenopodium Ambrosioides
Mexican Tea Plant. Nat. Ord. Chenopodeae. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Digynia. Hab. Mexico and Brazil. (Erva de Sancta Maria, Vern.) Med. Prop. and Action. Anti-spasmodic and anthelmintic. The seeds and...
-802. Chenopodium Anthelminticum
Worm Seed. Stink Wood. A native of the United States. Med. Prop. and Action. Anthelmintic. Dose of the powder of the seeds, gr. xx. - gr. xl in the form of electuary; of the Oil, gutt. x. - gutt...
-804. Chenopodium Olidum
C. Vulvaria. Stinking Goosefoot or Orach. A native of many parts of Europe and North America. * Med. Times, vol. xviii. p. 250. On the Management of Children, see p. 496. Med. Prop. awl Actio...
-807. Chimaphila Umbellata
Pyrola Umbellata. Winter Green. Pipsissewa. Nat. Ord. Ericaceae. Linn. Syst. Decandria Monogynia. Hab. Northern Europe, Asia, and America. Med. Prop. and Action. The whole plant is astringent, toni...
-812. Chiococca Anguifuga
Snowberry Tree. Nat. Ord. Ru-biaceae. Linn. Syst Pentandria Monogynia. Hab. South America, West Indies. Med. Prop. and Action. The root of this tree, and of others of the same species, is known by ...
-814. Chirata
Chiretta. The Herb and Root of Ophelia Chirata (D.C.), of Agathotes Chirayta (Don), of Gentiana Chirayita (Fleming). Nat. Ord. Gentianaceae. Linn. Syst. Tetandria Monogynia. Source, Nepaul, the Himala...
-816. Chlorum
Chlorine. Chlorinium. Dephlogisticated Muriatic Acid (Scheele). At ordinary temperature it is a pungent suffocating gas; but by a pressure of 4 atmospheres at 60, it is converted into a yellow li...
-821. Chlori Liquor
Solution of Chlorine. Chlorinti Aqua. Solutio vel Liquor Chlorinii. Chlorine gas dissolved in half its volume of water, and constituting 0.006 of the weight of the solution. Sp. Gr. 1.003. Med. Pro...
-830. Chloroformum
Chloroform, or the Terchloride of For-myle. C3 H, Cl3. A dense, limpid, colourless liquid; readily evaporating, and possessing an agreeable, fragrant, fruit-like odour, and a saccharine, pleasant tast...
-832. Obsereations On Its Use
1. The period of life, according to Dr. Snow, in which Chloroform acts most pleasantly is childhood. There is no case on record of death from Chloroform under five years of age (Sansom*). It is never ...
-834. Mode Of Administering Chloroform
A plan commonly adopted is that which was first recommended by Dr. Simpson. A clean white handkerchief is to be folded funnel-shaped; into this the liquid is to be poured; it should at first be placed...
-Mode Of Administering Chloroform. Continued
With heart-disease the anaesthetic may be given in any case which requires an operation, although when there is evidence of a fatty, weak, or dilated heart, great caution is demanded. Valvular disease...
-838. Chloroform In Midwifery
In no branch of the medical science has Chloroform been more extensively employed than in this, and in none has its value been more a matter of discussion. It has now, however, been administered in so...
-839. Directions For Its Use In Midwifery
No individual practitioner has employed this agent so extensively or so successfully as Prof. Simpson,* and any observations of his on this subject merit especial attention. He furnishes the following...
-842. Post-Mortem Appearances
In five deaths from Chloroform, post-mortem examination showed no particular congestion of the head or brain: the lungs were greatly congested in two cases, and more or less so in the other throe. The...
-Post-Mortem Appearances. Part 2
849. In Chorea, M Gassier successfully employed Chloroform frictions in three cases. He used a liniment composed of equal parts of Chloroform and Oil of Almonds, which was well rubbed night ...
-Post-Mortem Appearances. Part 3
857. Other Diseases In Cholera, Chloroform has been successfully employed by Mr. Brady, of Harrow, by Mr. Plummer, Mr. Boyton, and others. In these cases it was given internally, in doses of evj. -...
-861. Gonorrha, M
Venot * recommends injections of Chloroform, as a means of arresting the disease in its earliest stage; and he considers that it will replace Argent. Nit., which is now so frequently employed to cut s...
-866. Chondrus Crispus
Carrageen, or Irish Moss. Nat. Ord. Alga?. Linn. Syst. Cryptogamia. Hab. The western coast of Ireland. It contains about 79 per cent. of vegetable mucilage or pectin (Carrageenin), the Chlorides of So...
-868. Chromic Acid
Acidum Chromicum. CrO3. Occurs in the form of brilliant crimson-red prisms, very deliquescent and readily soluble in water. Med. Prop. and Action. Powerful caustic; used in substance made into a pa...
-870. Cinchona
(Cortex.) The varieties of Cinchona Bark are obtained from different species of Cinchona. Nat. Ord. Cinchonaceae. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Monogynia. * Med. Gazette, March 20th, 1845, p. 787. Dubl...
-871. Cinchonia
Cinchonine. An alkaloid found chiefly in the pale varieties of Cinchona. Chem. Form. C40H24N2O2. In the form of the Sulphate (C40H24N2O2HO,SO3 + 2 HO) its action is similar to that of Quinine; but it ...
-874. Cinchonidina
Cinchonidine. An alkaloid found in Cinchona Barks. It is isomeric with Cinchonine (C10H24N2O2) The Sulphate of Cinchonidine (C40H24N2O2HO,SO3) is occasionally employed in medicine. Med. Prop. and A...
-875. Cinnamomum
Cinnamon. The Bark of Cinnamomum Zeylanicum. Nat. Ord. Lauraceae. Linn. Syst. Ennean-dria Monogynia. Hab. Ceylon, Java, and cultivated in-Malabar in the Madras Presidency. Med. Prop and Action. The...
-882. Citric Acid
Acidum Citricum. 3HO,C12H5O11 +HO. It exists largely in the juice of the Lemon, Lime, and Orange; and is also found in smaller quantities in the juice of the Grape, Tamarind, Gooseberry, Currant, a...
-884. Citrus Limonum
Citrus Medica. The Lemon Tree. Nat. Ord. Aurantiaceae. Linn. Syst. Polyadelphia Poly-andria. Hab. Southern Europe, East and West Indies, the Azores, &c. Citrus Limetta. The Lime Tree, found in most...
-Citrus Limonum. Continued
886. In The Vomiting Of Pregnancy, Dr Dewees states that where alkalies have failed to afford relief, he has often employed Lemon-juice with decided advantage. He mentions some cases in which its ...
-892. Citrus Aurantium
The Common, or Sweet Orange. Hab. Azores, India, &c. * Lancet, 1S42-3, p. 459. Med. Gazette, Jan. 25, 1849, and Ed. Monthly Journ.. Aug. 1S49. Lancet, September, 1850. Ibid. Tec. 14, 18...
-897. Cocculus Cordifolius
(Menispermum Cordifolium.) (Gulancha, Hind.) Nat. Ord. Menispermaceae. Linn. Syst. Dicia Decandria. Hab. the Peninsula of India, Burmah, and the Tenasserim Provinces. Med. Prop. and Action. The roo...
-901. Cocculus Indicus
Indian Berries, or Indian Cockles. The fruit of Menispermum (Anamirta) Cocculus. Nat. Ord. Menispermaceae. Linn. Syst. Dicia Dodecandria. Source, Malabar and the Eastern Archipelago. Med. Prop. and...
-903. Coccus Cacti
Cochineal. The female Cochineal Insect. An insect belonging to the order Hemiptera; reared in Mexico and Teneriffe, Another species is found in the Brazils. Med. Prop. and Action. Cochineal has bee...
-905. Cochlearia Officinalis
Common Scurvy Grass. Nat. Ord. CruciferAe. Linn. Syst. Tetradynamia Siliculosa. Hob. Europe, England. Med. Prop. and Action. The fresh plant is gently stimulant, aperient, and diuretic. Its use is ...
-906. Codeia
Codeine (C36H21NO6 + 2 HO), an Alkaloid, was discovered by Robiquet in Opium in 1832. It is soluble in boiling water, Alcohol, and Ether, but not in alkaline solutions. It unites with Acids, forming c...
-907. Coffea Arabica
The Coffee Plant. Nat. Ord. Cincho-naceae. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Monogynia. Hab. Arabia, Persia, East and West Indies. Med. Prop. and Action. The berry (vulgo Coffee), when dried and burnt, is ton...
-Coffea Arabica. Continued
909. In Infantile Cholera, Coffee Has Been Extensively Used By Dr Pickford, on the recommendation of Dr. Dewees. who states that in these cases he has often seen it act like a charm. Dr. Pickford ...
-918. Colchicum Autumnale
Meadow Saffron. Nat. Ord. Melanthaceae. Linn. Syst. Hexandria Trigynia. Hab. England, and some parts of Europe. Med. Prop. and Action. The Cormus, or Bulb, and the Seeds (off.) are acrid, purgative...
-919. The Modus Operandi Of Colchicum Is Undetermined
Dr. A. T. Thompson* considers that it operates primarily on the bowels, stimulating the orifice of the common gall duct, so as to produce copious bilious evacuations; and, secondarily, on the nerves a...
-924. Calculous Diseases
In the Lithic or Uric Acid Diathesis, particularly if occurring in gouty subjects, or free livers, Sir B. Brodie * states that he has found Colchicum very useful. In the first instance, fifteen drops ...
-Calculous Diseases. Continued
930. In Obstinate Constipation, Dr Chapman states that he found nothing so efficacious as the tincture of the root of Colchicum in doses of gutt. x. several times daily. He adds that he has ...
-938. Collodium
Collodion. A solution of Pyroxylin (Gun Cotton) (C36H22,8 NO4,O30) in Ether, mixed with one-third of its volume of Rectified Spirit. Introduced by Mr. May-nard, of Boston, in 184S, as a substitute for...
-939. General Observations On The Use Of Collodion
When a layer of Collodion is laid on any surface, a transparent coating is left by the evaporation of the Ether, which possesses in a marked degree the properties of contractility and adhesion, as wel...
-940. Modes Of Application
The following is the mode advised by Dr. Bigelow: - For straight incisions, of whatever length, provided the edges can be brought together without great difficulty, it is better to apply the solution ...
-Modes Of Application. Continued
943. In Erysipelas, Collodion Has Been Successfully Employed In Many Instances By Mr Luke. || It was applied not only over, but beyond the inflamed surface. Its action appeared to be twofold: - 1, ...
-950. Mammary Abscesses Have Been Treated Successfully By Drs
Evans and Murphy (U.S.) by the external application of Collodion. It appeared to hasten resolution, and to remove induration. 951. In Ulceration Of The Os And Cervix Uteri, Collodion Is Recommended...
-955. Colocynthis
Colocynth. The dried, decorticated fruit, freed from the seeds, of Citrullus (formerly Cucumis) Colocynthis. Nat. Ord. Cucurbitaceae. Linn. Syst. Moncia Monadelphia. Source, Turkey, Northern Africa, E...
-960. Conium Maculatum
Common Hemlock. Cicuta. Spotted Parsley. Nat. Ord. UmbelliferAe. Linn. Syst. Pentan-dria Digynia. Hab. England, Europe, Greece, Cashmere. Med. Prop. and Action. Narcotic, anodyne, anti-spasmodic. A...
-Conium Maculatum. Part 2
961. Therapeutic Uses In Cancer, Conium was introduced by Stoerck, and its efficacy has been attested by Fothergill, Hamilton, Nicholson, Bell, and many French and German physicians of eminence; ...
-Conium Maculatum. Part 3
967. In Mercurial Tremor, Mr M'Whinnie employed Conium in full doses, and states that he found it more effectual than any other treatment. 968. In Menorrhagia, Or Immoderate Flow Of The Menses, ...
-972. Contrajervae Radix
The Root of Dorstenia Contrajerva, Dorstenia Brasiliensis, and probably of other species. Nat. Ord. Moraceae. Linn. Syst. Moncia Tetrandria. Source, West Indies and South America. Med. Prop. and Ac...
-974. Copaiba
Copaiva. The Oleo-Resin of Copaifera Multi-juga, and of other species of Copaifera. Nat. Ord. Cesal-pineae. Linn. Syst. Decandria Monogynia. Source, West Indies and South America. It is chiefly obtain...
-Copaiba. Continued
976. In Urethritis In The Female,Dr M'Clintock * successfully employed Copaiba in two cases. In one the disease had resisted Alum, Zinc, the Nitrate of Silver, and other remedies. Dose, three or ...
-983. Copalchi Cortex
The Bark of Croton pseudo-China, Copalche Bush; the Croton Cascarilla, of Don; the Croton Suberosum, of Humboldt. Nat. Ord. Euphorbiaceae. Linn. Syst. Monoccia Monadelphia. Source, Chili and Mexico. ...
-984. Coriandrum
Coriander. The ripe, dried Fruit (seeds) of Coriandrum Sativum. Nat. Ord. UmbelliferAe. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Digynia. Source, East Indies, Italy, and Southern Europe. Cultivated in England, &c. M...
-985. Cotyledon Umbilicus
Nat. Ord. Crassulaceae. Linn. Syst. Decandria Pentagynia. Bab. Great Britain. Med. Prop. and Therap. Uses. The expressed juice of this plant has recently been proposed as a remedy for Epilepsy. ...
-986. Creasotum
Creasote, or Kreasote. C16H10O2. A Product of the Distillation of Wood Tar. It is formed during the preparation of Pyroligneous Acid by the destructive distillation of Wood. It is also obtained from O...
-Creasotum. Part 2
987. Therapeutic Uses In Vomiting, Gastrodynia, and Nausea, Creasote is a remedy of great power. Dr. Elliotson considers it of superior efficacy to Prussic Acid; indeed, he says he knows of ...
-Creasotum. Part 3
993. Salivation From Mercury Is Stated By Dr. Faulcon to be speedily improved and cured by a gargle composed of f3ss. of Creasote in Oj. of Sage tea. Any other mild vehicle may be substituted. ...
-1001. To Tumours And Excrescences, It Has Also Been Applied
Martin Solon applied Creasote successfully to a venereal bubo, which had resisted leeches, poultices, and Iodine. Dr. Heyfelder removed excrescences from the anus in a fortnight by its means, after th...
-1003. Creta Praeparata
Prepared Chalk. Carbonate of Lime, CaO,C2, nearly pure. Chalk reduced to a very fine powder, and elutriated. Lime 56, Carbonic Acid 44, in 100 parts. Calcis Carbonas PrAecipitata. Precipitated Carb...
-1007. Crocus Sativus
The Saffron Crocus. Nat. Ord. Iri-daceae. Linn. Syst. Triandria Monogynia. Hab. Asia, cultivated in Europe. Imported from Spain, France, and Naples. Saffron is the stigma and part of the style, dried....
-1009. Croton Tiglium
Purging Croton. Nat. Ord. Euphor-biaceae. Linn. Syst. Moncia Monadelphia. Hab. The East Indies, Burmah, &c. Med. Prop. and Action. All parts of the plant possess medicinal properties: the root is a...
-1011. Crotonis Oleum
Oleum Tiglii. Croton Oil. The Oil expressed in England from the Seeds of Croton Tiglium (which see). Med. Prop. and Action. Drastic purgative, in doses of gutt. 1/2 - ij. - iij. It may be given in ...
-Crotonis Oleum. Continued
1013. In The Bilious Remittent Fevers Of India, Dr M'Gregor* regards Croton Oil as one of the most efficacious remedies we possess. In full plethoric subjects, and in the first stage of fever, he ...
-1023. Cubeba
Cubebs. The dried unripe fruit of Cubeba Officinalis. Cubeb Pepper. Nat. Ord. Piperaceae. Linn. Syst. Diandria Trigynia. Source, Java, Nepaul, Batavia, Guinea, and the Isle of France. * Edin. Med. ...
-1031. Cuminum Cyminum
Common Cumin. Nat. Ord. Umbelli-ferAe. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Digynia. Hab. Egypt, Greece, Malta, &c. Med. Prop. and Action. The fruit, Cumin seeds, are stimulant and carminative in doses of gr. xv...
-1032. Cuprum
Copper. A metal which, in its pure state, appears to exercise no sensible effects on the system; but which, in combination with acids, &c, acts as an irritant poison. Food cooked in copper vessels, by...
-1033. Cupri Ammonio-Sulphas
Ammonio-Sulphate of Copper. Ammoniated Copper. (CuO, SO3 + 2 NH3, HO.) Ammonia 27.64, Oxide of Copper 32.52, Sulphuric Acid 32.52, Water 7.32, in 100 parts; or 2 Eq. Ammonia = 34, + 1 Ox. of Copper...
-1038. Cupri Diacetas Impura
Impure Diacetate or Subacetate of Copper. Aerugo. Verdigris. (2 CuO, A + 6 HO.) Oxide of Copper 43.24, Acetic Acid 27.57, Water 29.19, In 100 Parts Med. Prop. and Action. Powerful irritant poison, nev...
-1041. Cupri Nitras
Nitrate of Copper. CuO, NO3, 3 HO. A powerful caustic and escharotic, stated by Dr. Fleming* to be very superior to all other caustics, in Lupus, Malignant Ulcers, and also in those small excavated se...
-1042. Cupri Sulphas
Sulphate of Copper. CuO,SO3 +5HO. Blue-stone. Blue Vitriol. A compound of Oxide of Copper 32, Sulphuric Acid 32, Water 36, in 100 parts; or 1 Eq. Oxide of Copper = 40, + 1 Sulphuric Acid = 40, + 5 Wat...
-Cupri Sulphas. Continued
1045. In The Sore Throat Of Scarlet Fever, Mr Green,|| of Peck-ham, advises a gargle composed of Cupri Sulph. gr. j., Aquae f., to be applied every hour. 1046. In Cancrum Oris, Aphthous ...
-1057. Curcas Purgans
Jatropha Curcas. Physic-Nut Tree. Curcas Multifidus. Jatropha Multifida. Spanish Physic-Nut Tree. Nat. Ord. Euphorbiaceae. Linn. Syst. Mo-ncia Monadelphia. Hab. The West Indies, Brazil, &c. The C. ...
-1058. Curcuma
Turmeric. The Rhizome of Curcuma Longa. Nat. Ord. Zingiberaceae. Linn. Syst. Monandria Mono-gynia. Source, Ceylon, Bengal, Madras, Burmah, &c. Med. Prop. and Action. Stimulant and carminative; but ...
-1061. Cusparia
Cuspariac Cortex. AngusturAe Cortex. Cusparia or Angustura Bark. Obtained from Galipea Cusparia, St. Hil.; Galipea Officinalis, Hancock. Formerly attributed to Bonplandia Trifoliata. Nat. Ord. Rutacea...
-1066. Cusso
Kousso. Kusso. The dried flowers of Brayera An-thelmintica. Nat. Ord. Rosaceae. Linn. Syst. Icosandria Digynia. Source, Abyssinia. Med. Prop. and Therap. Uses. Anthelmintic. It destroys entozoa, bu...
-1067. Cydonia Vulgaris
The Common Quince. Nat. Ord. Pomaceae. Linn. Syst. Icosandria Pentagynia. Hab. India, cultivated in Europe. Med. Prop. and Action. The seeds (Oydonium) are demulcent, and in decoction (gr. cxx., Wa...
-1068. Daphne Mezereum
Common Mezereon. Spurge Laurel. Nat. Ord. Thymelaceae. Linn. Syst. Octandria Monogynia. Hab. Europe. Med. Prop. and Action. The bark (off.) is stimulant, diaphoretic, and diuretic. It is rarely giv...
-1074. Daucus Carota
The Garden Carrot. Nat. Ord. Umbel-liferAe. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Digynia. Cultivated in all parts of the world. Med. Prop. and Action. The fruit (seed) is diuretic and carminative, but the root i...
-1079. Delphinia
An Alkaloid. The active principle of Delphinium Staphisagria. Formula, C27 H19 NO2. (Garrod.) * Obs. on Various Arts, of Mat. Med., p. 49. Dict, of Pract. Med., vol. ii. p. 289. Diseases of Fem...
-1081. Delphinium Staphisagria
Stavesacre. Louse Wort. Nat. Ord. Ranunculaceae. Linn. Syst. Polyandria Tri-gynia. Hab. Southern Europe and Asia Minor. Med. Prop. and Action. The seeds are cathartic, emetic, and anthelmintic in s...
-1083. Dkxtrina
Dextrine. Gum Starch. C12H9O9,HO. Is obtained from Starch in three ways: 1, by carefully heating it to about 300; 2, by the action of diastase; and 3, by heating Starch paste with Water acidulate...
-1084. Digitalinum
Digitaline. The bitter, non-nitrogenized, amorphous principle of Foxglove; called, also, Picrin. Med. Prop. and Action. In doses of 1/60-1/30 of a grain, in pill, or dissolved in Alcohol, it produc...
-1088. Digitalis Purpurea
Purple Foxglove. Nat. Ord. Scrophulariaceae. Linn. Syst. Didynamia Angiospermia. Hab. England, and Western Europe. Med. Prop. and Action. The leaves (off.) are sedative to the heart's action and di...
-Digitalis Purpurea. Part 2
2. It Possesses A Twofold Action; The One Sedative, And The Other Diuretic These two actions are said never to occur simultaneously; if it acts as a sedative, it produces no diuresis, and vice vers...
-Digitalis Purpurea. Part 3
1095. In Simple Hypertrophy Of The Heart, Dr Hope* found the best effects follow the use of the T. of Digitalis, in doses of ex. - xxx. twice or thrice daily. By others, however, it is considered ...
-Digitalis Purpurea. Part 4
1102. In Phthisis, Digitalis Was Formerly Held In High Esteem Dr. Beddoes* considered that the majority of cases will yield to simple Foxglove; and Dr. Mossman stated that he could arrest ...
-Digitalis Purpurea. Part 5
1107. In Croup, Digitalis Was Formerly Held In High Esteem, Though Now Rarely Employed Amongst others, Mr. Custance|||| * On Insanity, p. 117. Lib. of Med., vol. ii. p. 134. Med. Times ...
-1109. Dipterocarpus Turbinates Seu D
LAevis. Gurjun or Wood-Oil Tree. Nat. Ord. Dipterocarpeae. Hab. Chitta-gong, Pegu, the Tenasserim Provinces, &c. Med. Prop. and Action. The Gurjun Balsam is obtained by incisions in the bark of the...
-1111. Drimys Winteri
(Wintera Aromatica.) The tree yielding Winter's Bark. Nat. Ord. Magnoliaceae. Linn. Syst. Polyandria Tetragynia. Hab. The Straits of Magellan. Med. Prop. and Action. Aromatic, bitter, and tonic. Fr...
-1113. Dutch Oil
Dutch Liquid. The Chloride of Olefiant Gas of Fownes. The Chloride of Acetyle, or Oil of Olefiant Gas of Turner. Dutch Oil, or the Oil of the Dutch Chemists, of former writers. C2H2C1. Sp. Gr., of the...
-1114. Elaterium
The sediment from the expressed juice of the fruit of Ecbalium Officinarum. Squirting Cucumber. Nat. Ord. Cucurbitaceae. Linn. Syst. Moncia Synge-nesia. It is sometimes improperly styled an Extract, a...
-1117. Elemi
A concrete resinous exudation from an undetermined plant, probably Canarium Commune. Nat. Ord. Terebinthaceae. There is, however, much doubt as to the tree from which this Resin is obtained. Source, c...
-1118. Emetina
Emetia. Emetine. (C25H25N09?) A feeble alkaloid. The active principle of Ipecacuanha. It occurs in two forms: 1, Pure, which is perfectly white; and 2, Impure, which occurs in reddish brown, transpare...
-1119. Ether
Aether. Aether Sulphuricus. Sulphuric Ether (Pharm. Ed. Dub.). Oxide of Ethyl (C4H5O), with about 8 per cent. by volume of Alcohol. Prepared by distilling Rectified Spirit with Sulphuric Acid. Sp. Gr....
-1120. Aetheris Vel Etheris Nitrosi Spiritus
Spirit of Nitrous Ether. Sweet Spirit of Nitre. Spiritus Etheris Nitrici (Ph. Lond. Edin.). The product of the distillation of a mixture of Rectified Spirit and Sulphuric Acid, with Nitrite of Soda. S...
-1122. Aetheris Spiritus
Spirit of Ether. (Ph. Brit.) Etheris Sulphurici Spiritus. Spirit of Sulphuric Ether. (Ph. Ed.) A combination of Sulphuric Ether fl. oz. x.. and Rectified Spirit fl. oz. xx. Sp. Gr. .809. Aetheris S...
-1130. Eupatorium Perfoliatum
Bone Set. Nat. Ord. Synan-thereae. Hab. United States. Med. Prop. and Action. Stimulant, diuretic, and sudorific. In doses of gr. xv. mildly purgative; in larger doses, emetic. 1131. Therapeutic...
-1132. Euphorbium
The Gum-Resin of Euphorbia Officinarum, E. Canadensis, and probably of other species of Euphorbia. Nat. Ord. EuphorbiacAe. Linn. Syst. Moncia Mona-delphia. Source, Western Africa and the Canary Island...
-1133. Euphorbia Ipecacuanha
Ipecacuanha Spurge. A native of the United States. Med. Prop. and Action. Dr. Bigelow states that, from his trials with the dried root, he is led to the conclusion that, in doses of gr. x. - xx. it...
-1134. Farina
Flour. The flour of the seed ground and sifted of Triticum Vulgare, Common Wheat. It contains Starch 71.49, Gluten 10.96, Sugar 472, Gum 3.32, Water 10, in 100 parts; but these quantities vary in almo...
-1135. Ferrum
Iron. A metal which, in its metallic state, is probably inert, or only acts mechanically; but it readily oxidizes in the alimentary canal, and thereby acquires medicinal power. It is one of the few me...
-1137. Remarks On The Use Of The Salts Of Iron
1. In excessive anaemia, whether from haemorrhage or any other cause, the stronger Salts of Iron, the Sulphate or Perchloride, are chiefly indicated. In ordinary debility, the milder salts, the Ammoni...
-1138. Ferrum Redactum
Reduced Iron. Ferri Pulvis. Powder of Iron. (Ph. Dub.) Fer Reduit. Metallic Iron with a variable amount of Magnetic Oxide of Iron. Prepared by reducing Peroxide of Iron to the metallic state, by heati...
-1139. Ferri Acetas
Acetate of Iron. Acetate of the Peroxide of Iron (Fe3O3, 3 A). Eq. Wt. 233. Med. Prop. and Action. The Acetate of Iron is used in the form of Tincture (Tinct. Ferri Acetatis, Ph. Dub.). This posses...
-1140. Ferri Et Aluminae Bisulphas
Bisulphate of Iron and Alumina. Prep. When ten parts of well-washed Alumina, three of soft Iron filings, and five of Carbonate of Soda or Potash, are compressed for a considerable time in distilled wa...
-1142. Ferri Ammonio-Chloridum
Ammonio-Chloride of Iron. Ammoniated Iron. A compound of Perchloride of Iron 15, Hydrochlorate of Ammonia 85, in 100 parts. Med. Prop. and Action. Tonic and alterative. On account of the small and ...
-1143. Ferri Et Ammonlae Citrus
Citrate of Iron and Ammonia. Ammonio-Citrate of Iron. A compound of Ammonia, Peroxide of Iron, Citric Acid, and Water. Probable Formula (Fe, O3, NH,O, HO, C,12H5O11 + 2 HO). Med. Prop, and Actio...
-1147. Ferri Ammonio-Sulphas
Ammonio-Sulphate of Iron. Ammonia Iron-Alum. A compound of Persulphate of Iron and Sulphate of Ammonia. (Fe2O3, 3 SO3 + NH4O2 SO3 + 24 HO.) Med. Prop. and Action. Astringent and tonic. (See Ferri P...
-1148. Ferri Ammonio-Tartras
Ammonio-Tartrate of Iron. A Tartrate of the Peroxide of Iron and Ammonia. (Fe2O3, NH4O, C8H4O10 + HO)? Med. Prop. and Action. Mild, unirritating tonic. It is an excellent substitute for the Citrate...
-1149. Ferri Arsenias
Arseniate of Iron. A combination of Arsenic Acid and Protoxide of Iron. (3FeO, AsO5) partially oxidated. * Opera Med., vol. ii. p. 29. Obs. on the Cure of Cancer, p. 77. Med. Prop. and Action...
-1152. Ferri Bromidum
Bromide of Iron. (FeBr.) It becomes decomposed on exposure to the air: Bromine is pet free and Peroxide of Iron formed. It is therefore best given in combination with Syrup, by which its oxidation is ...
-1153. Ferri Carbonas Saccharata
Saccharated Carbonate of Iron. Ferri Carbonas cum Saccharo. Carbonate of Iron with Sugar. Carbonate of Iron (FeO, CO2) mixed with Peroxide of Iron and Sugar, and forming at least 57 per cent. of the m...
-1155. Ferri Citras
The Citrate of Iron. Two Citrates are employed in medicine: 1, The Protocitrate, or the Citrate of the Protoxide of Iron; 2, The Percitrate, or the Citrate of the Peroxide of Iron. These salts have of...
-1156. Ferri Ferro-Sesquicyanidum
Sesqui-Ferrocyanide of Iron. Prussian Blue. (4 Fe, 3 Cfy) or (7 Fe, 9 Cy). Eq. Wt. 430. Med. Prop. Tonic, sedative, in doses of gr. v. three or four times a day; used externally in the form of oint...
-1160. Ferei Iodidum
Iodide of Iron; called also the Ioduret, the Hydriodate, and the Proto-Iodide of Iron. Fel + 5 HO. A compound of Iron 14, Iodine 63.3, Water 22.7, in 100 parts. Med. Prop. and Action. Tonic, emmena...
-Ferei Iodidum. Continued
3. Under Its Influence The Patient's Weight Is Generally Increased It may be advantageously combined with Cod Liver Oil. 1164. In Amenorrhaea And Dysmenorrhaea, Drs Turnbull. Williams, Thomps...
-1173. Ferrt Lactas
Lactate of Iron. Best obtained by decomposing solution of Lactate of Lime with a solution of Sulphate of Iron. Med. Prop, and Action. Mild chalybeate. MM. Gelis and Conte state that they were led t...
-1175. Ferri Mistura Composita
Griffith's Mixture. Prep. Take of Sulphate of Iron grs. xxx., Carbonate of Potash grs. xxv., Myrrh in powder grs. lx., Sugar grs. lx., Spirit of Nutmeg fl. drm. j., Rose Water fl. oz. viij. Triturate ...
-1180. Ferri Oxidum Magneticum
Magnetic Oxide of Iron. Ferri Oxidum Nigrum. Peroxide of Iron, Fe2O3, with about 9 per cent. of Protoxide of Iron, FeO, and 20 of Water. Med. Prop. and Action. The same as those of Reduced Iron (se...
-1181. Ferri Perchloridi Liquor
Solution of Perchloride of Iron. (Offic. Brit. Pharm.) Perchloride of Iron (Fe3Cl2) in solution in Water. An orange brown solution, without Lib. of Med., vol. ii. p. 19. Dict. Pract. Med., vol i...
-Ferri Perchloridi Liquor. Continued
1185. In Purulent Ophthalmia, The Perchloride, According To Dr De Conde, exercises an instantaneous hAemostatic effect upon the hAemorrhagic mucous membrane, and also a marked influence upon ...
-1189. Ferri Perchloridi Tinctura
Tincture of the Perchloride of Iron. Tinctura Ferri Sesquichloridi. Tincture of the Sesquichloride of Iron. Tinct. Ferri Muriatis. Mu-riated Tincture of Iron. Composed of 5 fl. oz. of Solution of Perc...
-Ferri Perchloridi Tinctura. Part 2
1197. Other Diseases In Albuminuria, the red globules of the blood have been found much impoverished, and consequently the salts of Iron are clearly indicated. Dr. Heaton|| advises this Tincture ...
-Ferri Perchloridi Tinctura. Part 3
1204. In Erysipelas, Mr Bell, of Edinburgh, states that for five and twenty years he has constantly employed the Tincture, internally, with the best effects. In no instance did it fail to afford ...
-1209. Ferrt Pernitratis Liquor
Solution of the Pernitrate of Iron (Fe2O3 3 NO5) in water. Prepared by dissolving Iron Wire in Nitric Acid and diluting with Distilled Water. Each fl. drm. contains 7.865 grs. of Pernitrate of Iron...
-1213. Ferri Peroxidum
Peroxide of Iron. Ferri Sesquioxi-dum. Sesquioxide of Iron; called also the Carbonate, the Subcarbonate, the Deutocarbonate, and the Red Oxide of Iron. (Fe2O3, HO.) A compound of Iron 70, Oxygen 30, i...
-Ferri Peroxidum. Part 2
1219. In Tetanus, It Appears To Have Been Occasionally Beneficial In three cases treated by Dr. Elliotson,|| two recovered. It was administered in doses of ij. - ss. every two hours; and ...
-Ferri Peroxidum. Part 3
1223. In Hooping-Cough, Lombard Speaks Highly Of This Preparation In Doses Of Gr xviij. - xl. in the course of the day; and Dr. Steymann also employed it with great success in doses of gr. vj. - ...
-1231. Ferri Peroxidum Hydratum
Hydrated Peroxide of Iron. Ferri Sesquioxydum Hydratum. Hydrated Sesquioxide of Iron (2 Fe2O3, 3 HO) with a variable amount of uncombined water. Prep. Made by precipitating a solution of Persulphate o...
-1232. Ferri Phosphas
Phosphate of Iron, 3 FeO, PO5, partially oxidated. A slate-blue amorphous powder, insoluble in water, soluble in Hydrochloric Acid. (Offic. Brit Pharm.) * Ranking's Abstract, 1856, vol. xxiv. p. 10...
-1236. Ferri Potassio-Sulphas
Potassio-Sulphate of Iron. Potash Iron Alum. (KO, SO3 + Fe2O3, 3 SO3 + 24 HO.) Med. Prop. and Action. Tonic and astringent. The Potash and Ammonia Sulphates of 'Iron are said to equal, if not ex...
-1237. Ferri Et Quiniae Citras
Citrate of Iron and Quinine. Citric Acid combined with Peroxide of Iron, Protoxide of Iron and Quinia. Prepared according to the formula of the Brit. Pharm., it contains 25 per cent of Citrate of Q...
-1238. Ferri Et Sodae Albuminatis Solutio
Solution of the Albuminate of Iron and Soda. Prepared from Sulphate of Iron, caustic Soda and Albumen Ovi. A clear yellow fluid having an alkaline taste, but quite free from astrin-gency or inkiness. ...
-1239. Ferri Et Strychniae Citras
Citrate of Iron and Strychnia. Prep. Dissolve 980 grs. of Citrate of Iron in 9 oz. of Water, and 10 grs. of Strychnia and 10 grs. of Citric Acid in 1 oz. of Water; mix the solutions, evaporate to a sy...
-1240. Ferri Sulphas
Sulphate of Iron. Sulphate of the Protoxide of Iron. Protosulphate of Iron. Green Vitriol. Copperas. FeO, SO3 + 7 HO. A compound of Protoxide of Iron 25.9, Sulphuric Acid 28.8, Water 45.3, in 100 part...
-Ferri Sulphas. Part 2
1244. In Leucorrha, Dr Churchill advises the Sulphate, combined with Pil. Hydrarg. or Pil. Rhei Co. Under its continued use, the digestive organs and general health improved, and the discharge ...
-Ferri Sulphas. Part 3
1251. In Intermittent Hemicrania, The Internal Use Of The Sulphate In Doses Of Gr viij. - x. daily, either alone or in combination with Ext. Hyoscyami, is occasionally sufficient to effect a cure. ...
-1260. Ferri Sulphuretum
Sulphuret of Iron. Sulphide of Iron. (FeS): is of little therapeutic value. It is used - 1, in cutaneous affections of a scrofulous character; 2, as an antidote in poisoning by corrosive sublimate; 3,...
-1261. Ferri Sulphuretum Hydratum
Hydrated Protosul-phuret of Iron: is stated by Orfila to be an efficacious antidote in poisoning by corrosive sublimate; but to have any effect it should be taken immediately after the poison has been...
-1262. Ferri Tannas
Tannate of Iron. A combination of Tannic Acid 90 parts, and Peroxide of Iron 400 parts. Dose, gr. x. - gr. xxx. In Chlorosis, it has been particularly recommended by Dr. Beredetti, who con...
-1263. Ferrum Tartaratum
Tartarated Iron. Ferri Potassio-Tartras. The Potassio-Tartrate of Iron (Ph. Lond.). Ferrum Tartarizatum. Tartarized Iron, called also Po-tassAe Ferrico-Tartras. Tartrate of Iron and Potash (Fe2O3, KO,...
-1268. Ferri Valerianas
Valerianate of Iron. One eq. of Peroxide of Iron united to 3 eq. of Valerianic Acid. (Fe2O3, 3 C10H9O3.) Insoluble in cold, decomposed by hot water; soluble in alcohol.|j Med. Prop. and Action. Tonic ...
-1269. Ferri Vinum
Wine of Iron. Pharm. Brit. Frep. Tar-tarated Iron grs. clx. dissolved in Sherry Oj. Ferri Vinum. Wine of Iron. Steel Wine. Pharm. Lond. A solution of Iron Wire j. in Sherry Oij. The iron becomes ox...
-1271. Ficus Carica
The Common Fig. Nat. Ord. Urticaceae. Linn. Syst. Polygamia Dicia. Hab. Asia and Europe. The dried fruit is imported from Smyrna. Med. Prop. and Action. The dried fruit is gently laxative, but some...
-1276. Filix
Fern Root. The dried Rhizome of Aspidium (Nephrodium). Filix mas. Nat. Ord. Filices. Linn. Syst. Cryptogamia Filices. Hab. Europe and many parts of Asia and America. It should be collected in summer. ...
-1278. Foeniculum Vulgare
Common Fennel. Nat. Ord. UmbelliferAe. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Digynia. Foeniculum Dulce. Sweet Fennel. Hab. of both plants, Europe. Sweet Fennel Fruit is imported from Malta. Med. Prop. and Acti...
-1279. Frasera Waltert
F. Caroliensis. Swertia Difformis. American Calumba. Nat. Ord. Gentianaceae. Hab. North America. Med. Prop. and Action. The root (off. U. S. Ph.) is a mild tonic, and bitter, and when cut into slic...
-1280. Fraxinus Excelsior
Common Ash. Nat. Ord. Oleaceae. Med. Prop. and Action. The leaves of the Common Ash have lately attracted attention in Germany and France as a remedy for Gout and Rheumatism. Dr. Garrod,|i who was ...
-1281. Fucus Vesiculosus
Sea Wrack. Nat. Ord. AlgAe. When incinerated, was formerly known as Vegetable Ethiops. Med. Prop. and Action. Alterative and deobstruent; particularly recommended externally and internally, in Scro...
-1282. Galbanum
The Gum Resin of an unascertained Umbel-liferous plant, Galbanum Officinale (?), Don.; Opoidia Galbanifera (?), Lindley. Source, India and the Levant. Med. Prop. and Action. Stimulant, anti-spasmod...
-1289. Galium Album
Lady's Bed Straw. Wild Rosemary. Nat. Ord. Rubiaceae. Linn. Syst. Tetrandia Monogynia. Hab. England and other parts of Europe. This plant has recently obtained some repute as an anti-spasmodic. it ...
-1290. Galla
Galls. Excrescences or tumours caused by the punctures and deposited ova of a hymenopterous insect (Diplolepis Gallse TinctoriAe) on the twigs of Quercus In-fectoria, the Gall Oak. Nat. Ord. Cupulifer...
-1299. Gallic Acid
Acidum Gallicum. Prepared chiefly from Oak Galls. 3 HO,C14H3O7+ 2 HO. Med. Prop. and Action. Powerful astringent. It is best given suspended in mucilage, or with some confection in the form of pill...
-1306. Gentiana
GentianAe Radix. The root of Gentiana Lutea. Nat. Ord. Gentianaceae. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Digynia. Source, The Alps, Apennines, and other mountainous districts of Europe. Med. Prop. and Action. A...
-1311. Glonoin
Nitro-Glycerin. A product obtained by treating Glycerin with equal parts of strong Nitric and Sulphuric Acids, successively added in small portions at a temperature kept below 32. It is a yellowi...
-1312. Glycerinum
Glycerine. (C6H8O6.) A sweet principle, obtained from fats and fixed oils, in which it exists in combination with Oleic, Margaric, and Stearic Acids, by saponification or distillation with superheated...
-1318. Glycyrrhiza Glabra
Liquorice Plant. Nat. Ord. Papilionaceae. Linn. Syst. Diadelphia Decandria. Hab. Europe. Med. Prop. and Action. The root or underground stem (off.) is demulcent, in the form of decoction (oz. iss. ...
-1321. Guaco
A name applied in Central and South America to several plants, especially of Nat. Ord. Aristolochiaceae, which are supposed to possess alexipharmic properties. The one, however, to which this name pro...
-1325. Guaiacum
Guaiaci Lignum et Resina. The Wood and the Resin obtained from the Guaiacum Officinale. Nat. Ord. ZygophyllaAe. Linn Syst. Decandria Monogynia. Source, West Indies and South America. Imported from St....
-Guaiacum. Part 2
1327. In Chronic Inflammation Of The Lining Membrane Of The Uterus, Dr Dewees has seen permanent benefit from the formula advised in the last section. Rest, fomentations, and the hipbath, should ...
-Guaiacum. Part 3
1335. In Granular Disease Of The Kidney, Dr Copland* regards the Tincture, or Decoction of Guaiacum, as the best of all the class of diuretics; especially when the skin is cool as well as dry. ...
-1339. Guarana
A preparation from the seeds of Paullinia sorbilis, a tree. Nat. Ord. Sapindaceae, indigenous in Brazil. It occurs in cylindrical or spherical pieces of about a pound weight each, surface uneven, brow...
-1341. Haematoxylum Campechianum
Logwood. The Heart Wood sliced. Nat. Ord. Cesalpineae. Linn. Syst. Decan-dria Monogynia. Hab. Campeachy, Central America, and West Indies. Imported from Campeachy, from Honduras, and Jamaica. Med. ...
-1345. Helleborus Niger Vel Officinalis
Black Hellebore. Christmas Rose. Nat. Ord. Ranunculaceae. Linn. Syst. Polyandria Polygynia. Hab. Central Europe. Imported from Marseilles and Hamburg. Med. Prop. and Action, The root and rhizome ar...
-1350. Helleborus Foetidus
Fetid Hellebore. Hab. England, N. Europe. Hellleborus Viridis. Green Hellebore. Hab. Northern Europe. Med. Prop. Both these plants are drastic cathartic, and emetic, and, in large doses, prove a...
-1351. Hemidesmus Indicus
Country Sarsaparilla. (Ummtamul, Hind.) Nat. Ord. Asclepiadaceae. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Digynia. Hab. The whole continent of India. Med. Prop, and Action. The root is alterative, tonic, and diuret...
-1352. Hermodactylus
Hermodactyl. The Cormus or Bulb of an undetermined species of Colchicum. It has, for many centuries, been in high repute among the Greek and Arabian physicians, as a remedy for Gout and Rheumatism; nu...
-1353. Hordeum Distichum
Common Barley. Nat. Ord. Gramineae. Linn. Syst. Triandria Digynia. Cultivated in most parts of Europe. Med. Prop. and Action. The seeds deprived of the husks (pearl barley) are demulcent in the for...
-1354. Humulus Lupulus
The Common Hop. Nat. Ord. Urticaceae. Linn. Syst. Dioecia Pentandria. Hab. England. Cultivated in other parts of the world. Med. Prop. and Action. The dried catkins of the female plant (vulgo Hops)...
-1361. Hydrargyrum
Mercury or Quicksilver. A metal which, in its pure (liquid) state, is apparently inert, as large quantities of it have been taken without producing any of its physiological effects; but occasionally, ...
-1363. The Occasional ILL Effects Of Mercury
1. Griping and Purging. This may be partially obviated by combining it with a sedative; or it may be necessary, if the stools become bloody and dysenteric, to discontinue it altogether. 2. Sore Throat...
-1364. Remarks On The Use Of Mercurial Preparations
1. From a peculiar idiosyncrasy, some persons are unable to take the smallest dose of Mercury without its producing serious, and occasionally fatal consequences: for example, Dr. Christison quotes a c...
-Remarks On The Use Of Mercurial Preparations. Part 2
10. The Following Valuable Observations Of Dr. Prout merit especial attention. The stimulating effects of Mercury, he observes, may be analogically illustrated by the stimulating effects of d...
-Remarks On The Use Of Mercurial Preparations. Part 3
1366. Modes Of Administration 1. Internally. The salt to be employed, and * Clin. Lect., p. 157. On Stomach and Renal Diseases, 4th Ed., p. 63, et seq. Lib. of Med., vol. v. Med. Gaz., ...
-Remarks On The Use Of Mercurial Preparations. Part 4
2. That, In' Some Forms Of Syphilis Mercury is not only useless, but injurious, when given so as to affect the constitution. 3. That in those cases in which it is admissible, the good effects to...
-Remarks On The Use Of Mercurial Preparations. Part 5
1369. In Syphilitic Sarcocele, Mr Hamilton, of Dublin, regards a somewhat protracted course of Mercury till the mouth is sore as the only certain means of cure. The mercurial action should be kept ...
-1370. Cases Of Syphilis In Which Mercury Is Inadmissible
1. In old debilitated, broken-down constitutions. 2. In those strongly predisposed to Scrofula or Phthisis. 3. In persons labouring under scorbutic disease. 4. In those who drink much spirits, &c., ha...
-1372. Hydrargyrum Ammoniatum
Ammoniated Mercury. NHHg,,Cl. Hydrargyri Ammonio-Chloridum. Ammonio-Chloride of Mercury (Ph. Lond.). Hydrargyri Amido-Chloridum. White Precipitate. The Precipitate produced when Ammonia is added t...
-1375. Calomelas
Calomel. Hydrargyri Sub-chloridum. Sub-chloride of Mercury. Hg2Cl. Hydrargyri Chloridum. Chloride of Mercury (Pharm. Lond.). Called also the Protochloride,' the Muriate and the Mild Muriate of Mercury...
-1377. Fevers
In Typhus and Typhoid Fevers, Calomel has been said to exercise a powerful and beneficial influence. It has been asserted that under its use the secretions assume a normal character; that the nervous ...
-Fevers. Continued
1381. In Puerperal Fever, Puerperal Peritonitis, Calomel Has Found Its Advocates Dr. Churchill* observes that, after full depletion, the next most powerful remedy is Calomel alone, or in ...
-1385. Diseases Of The Lungs
In Acute Sthenic Pleuritis, active treatment is of the highest importance, as, from the extent of serous membrane generally involved, there is great probability of much effusion of lymph into the thor...
-Diseases Of The Lungs. Part 2
1387. In Phthisis, The Employment Of Mercury Has Been Advised By Drs Rush, Stewart, Physic, Watt, Graves, O'Beirne, Munk, Bell, and others. All modern experience, however, is adverse to its ...
-Diseases Of The Lungs. Part 3
1391. Diseases Of The Head In Acute Inflammation of the Brain and its Membranes, local or general abstraction of blood should precede the use of Calomel, which should be given in full and repeated ...
-Diseases Of The Lungs. Part 4
1395. In Delirium Tremens, Dr Copland, considering that biliary derangement favours the supervention of the attack, advises the following formula: - Calomel. Camphor, aa gr. x., Pulv. Opii ...
-1397. Diseases Of The Eye And Ear
In Ophthalmia Neonatorum, the introduction of finely-powdered Calomel into the eye has been employed with marked success by Dupuytren, Kluge, of Berlin, Van Siebold, of Gottingen, and others. It is in...
-Diseases Of The Eye And Ear. Continued
1403. Diseases Of The Abdominal Viscera In Acute Peritonitis, Calomel, combined with Opium, is the sheet-anchor, after local or general depletion. It should be given early, and repeatedly, till ...
-1407. Dysentery
The Calomel treatment of dysentery, formerly so much in vogue, has of late years been much modified; the scruple doses of the mineral advocated by Annesley, Johnson, &c, having been entirely abandoned...
-Dysentery. Part 2
1410. In The Diarrhoea Of Infants, Dr Underwood justly observes, that when laxative, alkaline, and absorbent medicines have been found to produce no permanent good effect, Calomel often proves a ...
-Dysentery. Part 3
1416. Against Worms, Particularly A lumbricoides, or round worm, Calomel was highly esteemed by Rush and others, who considered that it acts specifically upon the worm, independent of its ...
-1417. Diseases Of The Genito- Urinary System
In Acute Nephritis, The combination of Calomel and Opium, observes Dr. Christison,* so familiarly employed in other acute inflammations, has not been much resorted to in this species, but may be p...
-Diseases Of The Genito- Urinary System. Part 2
1420. Other Diseases In Diseases of the Spinal Column, where there is extreme pain and tenderness over a portion of the spine, which has not existed for any length of time, and where symptoms ...
-Diseases Of The Genito- Urinary System. Part 3
1428. In Dropsical Affections, Mercury Should Be Given With Much Caution When, observes Dr. Watson,|| Ascites is passive, where the distension of the peritonaeum has crept on without pain, ...
-1430. Dissection Wounds
In the constitutional derangement attendant on dissection wounds, Mr. Adams* strongly advocates the use of Calomel internally; he considers that it annihilates the disease. In this view he is supporte...
-1440. Calomelanos Pilula Composita
Pilula Hydrargyri Chloridi Composita (Pharm. Lond.). Compound Calomel Pill, commonly called Plummer's Pill, is composed of Calomel, Sulphurated Antimony aa oz. j., Powdered Guaiac Resin oz. ij., and C...
-1441. Hydrargyrum Corrosivum Subltmatum
Corrosive Sublimate. Chloride of Mercury. HgCl. Hydrargvri Bi-chloridum. Bichloride of Mercury (Pharm. Lond.). Called also the Perchloride, the Hydrochlorate, the Muriate, and the Oxymuriate of Mercur...
-Hydrargyrum Corrosivum Subltmatum. Part 2
1442. Therapeutic Uses In Secondary or Constitutional Syphilis, Corrosive Sublimate was first recommended by Van Swieten;* and was subsequently used on an extensive scale by Locher, of Vienna, who,...
-Hydrargyrum Corrosivum Subltmatum. Part 3
1448. Hemeralopia, Or Night Blindness, Was Successfully Treated By Dr. Smith with collyriums containing Corrosive Sublimate (gr. ij. ad Aq. fj.). This was dropped into the eye twice daily; ...
-Hydrargyrum Corrosivum Subltmatum. Part 4
1450. In Cancer, Observes Dr Copland, the preparations of Mercury are always injurious, when exhibited in any other manner than as an alterative; and externally as an astringent and ...
-1457. Hydrargyrum Cum Creta
Mercury with Chalk. Grey Powder. Prep. Rub 1 oz. of Mercury with 2 oz. of Prepared Chalk, until globules are no longer visible. Gr. iij. contain gr. j. of Mercury. Mod. Prop, and Action. Alterative...
-1463. Hydrargyri Cyanidum
Cyanide of Mercury. HgCy. Hydrargyri Bicyanidum, Percyanidum, vel Cyanuretum. The Bicyanide, Percyanide, or Cyanuret of Mercury. Called also Prussiate of Mercury. Comp. Mercury 79.6, Cyanogen...
-1465. Hydrargyri Iodidum Rubrum
Bed Iodide of Mercury. Hgl. Hydrargyri Iodidum vel Biniodidum. Iodide or Biniodide of Mercury. Called also the Periodide of Mercury. Comp. Mercury 44.25, Iodine 55.75, in 100 parts; or 1 Eq. Mercury =...
-1472. Hydrargyri Iodidum Viride
Green Iodide of Mercury. Hg2I. Called also the Sub-iodide, the Protoiodide, and the Iodide of Mercury. A compound of Mercury 61.35, Iodine 38.65, in 100 parts; or 2 Eq. Mer-cury = 200 + l Iodine=126 =...
-1477. Hydrargyri Nitratis Liquor Acidus
Acid Solution of Nitrate of Mercury. Nitrate of Mercury, HgO,NO5, in solution in Nitric Acid. Solution of the Pernitrate of Mercury. Prepared by dissolving 4 oz. of Mercury in a mixture of 3 1/4 fl. o...
-1480. Hydrargyri Nitratis Unguentum
Ointment of the Nitrate of Mercury. Citrine Ointment. A substitute for the Golden Eye Ointment. Prep. Dissolve 4 oz. by weight of Mercury in 8 fl. oz. of Nitric Acid with the aid of a gentle heat; add...
-1481. Therapeutic Uses'
Diseases of the Skin. In Pemphigus Gangrenosus, it is strongly recommended by Dr. M'Adam,* together with the internal exhibition of the decoction of Cinchona. In Lepra, Psoriasis, and other squamous D...
-1485. Hydrargyri Oxidum Rubrum
Red Oxide of Mercury. HgO. Hydrargyri Nitrico-Oxidum. Nitric Oxide of * Dublin Med. and Phys. Essays, vol. i. p. 307. Note in Watson's Lectures, vol. ii. p. 840. Lectures, vol. i. p. 194. ...
-1492. Hydrargyri Pilula
Mercurial Pill. Blue Pill. Prepared by rubbing together 2 oz. of Mercury and 3 oz. of Confection of Roses until metallic globules are no longer visible, and then adding 1 oz. of Liquorice Root in fine...
-1495. Hydrargyri Sub-Oxidum
The Sub-oxide of Mercury, Hg2O, called also the Oxide, the Grey and the Black Oxide of Mercury, is a compound of Mercury 96.15, Oxygen 3.85, in 100 parts. Med. Prop. and Action. The least irritatin...
-1498. Hydrargyrt Subsulphas Flavus
The Yellow Subsul-phate of Mercury, 3 BgO, SO3, commonly called Turbith, or Turpeth Mineral, a compound of Oxide of Mercury 89.01, Sulphuric Acid 10.99, in 100 parts. Med. Prop. and Action. Alterat...
-1500. Hydrargyri Sulphuretum
Sulphuret of Mercury. HgS. Hydrargyri Bisulphuretum. Bisulphuret of Mercury (Pharm. Lond.). Called also the Sulphide, the lied or Crystallized Sulphuret of Mercury, Cinnabar, Minium, or Vermilion. Com...
-1504. Hydrargyri Sulphuretum Cum Sulphure
Sulphuret of Mercury with Sulphur. Aethiops Mineral. A compound of Sulphuret of Mercury 58, Sulphur 42, in 100 parts. Med. Prop. and Action. Alterative. Dose, gr. v. - 3ss. It is almost inert. ...
-1506. Hydrargyri Unguentum
Mercurial Ointment. Called also Blue or Neapolitan Ointment. Composed of Mercury lb. j.; Prepared Lard lb. j.; Prepared Suet oz. j.; thoroughly incorporated. Med. Prop. and Action. Chiefly used ext...
-1517. Hydrochloric Acid
Acidum Hydrochloricum. Hydrochloric Acid Gas, HC1, dissolved in Water. Muriatic Acid. Spirit of Salt. Sp. Gr. 1.17. Acidum Hydrochloricum Dilutum. Dilute Hydrochloric Acid. Prep. A mixture of 3 fl....
-Hydrochloric Acid. Part 2
1519. In Some Forms Of Dyspepsia, Hydrochloric Acid Has Been Employed With Benefit Two facts, observes Dr. Pereira, give a remarkable interest to the employment of this acid in dyspeptic ...
-Hydrochloric Acid. Part 3
1523. In Chronic Hooping-Cough, Dr Panck * found great benefit from Hydrochloric Acid, in doses of ex. several times daily. 1524. In Gangrenous Stomatitis, Hydrochloric Acid was originally ...
-1528. Hydrocotyle Asiatica
Asiatic Penny-wort. Vullarei (Tam.). Nat. Ord. UmbelliferAe. Linn. Syst. Pentan-dria Digynia. Hab. East Indies and other tropical countries. Med. Prop. and Action. Tonic and alterative. The first ...
-1531. Hydrocyanic Acid
Acidum Hydrocyanicum. H,Cy. Prussic Acid. Is chiefly obtained by decomposing some of the compounds of Cyanogen, but is found also in the distilled water and oil of the Bitter Almond, and the Cherry La...
-Hydrocyanic Acid. Continued
1536. In Hmmoptysis, It Is Advised By Dr R.. Townsend. He states that he has seen it allay the teasing cough and irritation of the throat which are sometimes so troublesome in connection ...
-1537. Hooping-Cough
Since the publication of Pontaneille's success with Prussic Acid in this disease in 1817, many writers, particularly Granville, Thompson, Taylor, and Caspari, have advocated its employment. Of 100 cas...
-Hooping-Cough. Continued
1542. Other Diseases In Rheumatism, it has been much employed by the French and Germans. Mr. Taylor ranks it as a specific. 1543. In Gout, Dr Seidel, of Breslau, advises the external ...
-1548. Hydrogenium
Hydrogen. Was formerly employed by Beddoes as a remedy for Phthisis; and by Reuss, in Rheumatism and Paralysis; but it has very limited medicinal power, and is now rarely employed. An animal immersed ...
-1549. Hydrogenii Peroxidum
Peroxide of Hydrogen. Is best obtained for medicinal purposes by the process originally proposed in 1818 by Thenard, its discoverer, in which Peroxide of Barium is used as the agent for supplying the ...
-1551. Hyoscyamus Niger
Common Henbane. Nat. Ord. Solanaceae. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Monogynia. Hab. England and Europe. It has also been cultivated in India. Med. Prop. and Action. The leaves and seeds are narcotic, anod...
-1561. Ilex Aquifolium
Common Holly. Nat. Ord. Aqui-foliaceae. Linn. Syst. Tetrandria Tetragynia. Hab. England, Europe. Med. Prop. and Action. The leaves are tonic and astringent. Active principle, Ilicine. Dose, of leav...
-1563. Indigo
Ci6H5NO2. A substance prepared from various species of Indigofera. Nat. Ord. LeguminosAe. Source, India. Med. Prop. and Action. Anti-spasmodic (?) in doses of a few grains, gradually increased. In ...
-1565. Inula Helenittm
Common Elecampane. Nat. Ord. Compositae. Linn. Syst. Syngenesia Superflua. Hab. Europe. Med. Prop. and Action. The root (off.) is a mild tonic and diuretic. It is now rarely employed, but was forme...
-1566. Iodoform
Iodoformum. Sesqui-iodide of Carbon, Yellow Iodide, or Ter-iodide of Formyle. Formed by the mixture of concentrated alcoholic solutions of Iodine and Potassa. Introduced into practice in 1848 by Dr. G...
-1567. Its Therapeutic Uses Are Analogous To Those Of Iodine (Q
v.). Various forms of Scrofula, Rachitis, Syphilis, Bronchocele, Amenorrha, &c, are stated by some eminent German authorities to have been benefited by its use. Mixed with starch, spread on paper, and...
-1568. Iodo-Tannin
A preparation formed by triturating together Iodine, Tannin, and Water. Med. Prop. and Action. It is considered to conjoin the alterative properties of Iodine with the astringency of Tannin. For in...
-1570. Iodum
Iodine. Iodinium. A simple body, obtained chiefly from incinerated Sea-weed, or Kelp. It exists * Ann. de Therap., 1857, p. 205. Journ. de Chim. Med., 1853. Edin. Med. Surg. Journ., lviii. p. 538...
-Iodum. Continued
2. Tinctura Iodi (Iodine Oz ss.; Iodide of Potassium oz. 1/4; Rectified Spirit Oj.). Dose, elv. - exx. This Tincture may be used as an external application to cause absorption in enlarged glands, d...
-1572. The Dose Requires To Be Carefully Regulated
Much discredit has fallen upon Iodine from the heroic doses in which it is occasionally prescribed. Lugol commences with gr. ss. of Iodine, and gr. j. of the Iodide of Potassium daily, and gradually i...
-1573. The Modus Operandi Of Iodine
Lugol considers that it acts specifically upon the absorbent system; others, that its action is solely that of a general tonic, improving and strengthening the digestive organs, establishing a healthy...
-1575. Remarks On Its Use
1. During the exhibition of Iodine give a light animal diet, carefully avoiding all articles containing much starchy matter, as this, by combining with the Iodine, renders it comparatively inert. 2...
-Remarks On Its Use. Part 2
1583. In Scrofulous Otorrha, Iodine Is Of Great Value Local applications of it are useful only when the disease is limited to the external auditory passages. When it depends upon inflammation or ...
-Remarks On Its Use. Part 3
1590. In Croup, Mr Copeman * .states that he derived great benefit from the external application of the T. Iodinii (L. Ph.), twice or thrice daily. Its use was, in all instances, attended with ...
-1596. Ulcers
Not only in Scrofulous Ulcers (see ante), but in others, it has proved highly successful in the hands of Dr. Davies. He says that he has used it in several cases of Chancre, and that he has found the ...
-1605. To Corns, A Strong Tincture (Ij
ad Alcohol fj.) is advised by Dr. Davies; and its external application is declared to be very efficacious by Dr. Henderson. To Chilblains, it is also stated to be an excellent application. 1606. To...
-To Corns, A Strong Tincture (Ij. Continued
1609. In Cancer Of The Uterus, Dr Ashwell* states that he has derived great benefit from the following ointment: - Iodinii gr. xv., Potas. Iod. ij., Ung. Cet. iss., M. A portion, the size of a ...
-1614. As A Radical Cure Of Hernia, M
Jobert employed with success in three cases the injection of the Tincture of Iodine into the Hernial Sac. The Tincture is not allowed to remain permanently in the sac, but is withdrawn by means of a s...
-As A Radical Cure Of Hernia, M. Part 2
1620. In Ascites, Iodine Proves Occasionally Serviceable; But, Observes Dr Thompson,|| it does not act beneficially when the abdomen is tense; but after tapping, and reducing the excitement by ...
-As A Radical Cure Of Hernia, M. Part 3
1623. In Gout, Iodine Has Been Advised, Both Externally And Internally Speaking of its internal use, Dr. Robertson remarks, There can be little question, that in many chronic and no small ...
-1625. Encysted Tumours
M. Borelli. of Turin, proposes to treat these by the injection of a strong alcoholic solution of Iodine. He directs a small oblique opening to be made into the cyst; through this, he evacuates the con...
-1634. Ipecacuanha
Ipecacuanhv Radix. Ipecacuan. The root of Cephaelis Ipecacuanha. Nat. Ord. Cinchonaceae. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Monogynia. Source, the Brazils and Mexico. Med. Prop. and Action. Emetic, in doses of...
-Ipecacuanha. Part 2
1635. Therapeutic Uses Diseases of the Lungs, &c. In Asthma of a purely spasmodical character, much benefit results from the use of Ipecacuanha. Akenside's method has been extensively and ...
-Ipecacuanha. Part 3
1641. Diseases Of The Abdominal Viscera In some forms of Dyspepsia, particularly where the liver appears to be torpid and inactive, and the biliary secretion is of a vitiated character, ...
-Ipecacuanha. Part 4
1644. Other Diseases In Haemoptysis, HAematuria, HAemate-mesis, Epistaxis, and in internal HAemorrhages generally, Ipecacuanha appears to exercise a powerful influence. Dr. Osborne considers that ...
-Ipecacuanha. Part 5
1649. In Erysipelas, M Vidal strongly advises the use of Ipecacuanha. He states that he has seen it arrest the disease even where the cerebral symptoms have become very decided. Mr. Nunnelly ...
-1652. Pulvis Ipecacuanhae Cum Opio
Powder of Ipecacuan and Opium. Pulvis IpecacuanhAe Compositus. Compound Ipecacuan, or Dover's Powder. Prep. Ipecacuan and Opium in Powder aa oz. ss., Powdered Sulphate of Potash oz. iv. Gr. x. contain...
-1660. Ipomaea Caerulea
Pharbitis CAerulea. (Kaladana and Mirchai, Hind.) Nat. Ord. Convolvulaceae. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Monogynia. Hab. East Indies. Med. Prop. and Action. The seeds are purgative, and are regarded by D...
-1661. Iridin, Or Irisin
A pulverulent Extract from Iris Versicolor or Blue Flag, an American plant, the rhizome of which is officinal in U. S. Pharm. It occurs in the form of a dark brown powder. Med. Prop. and Action. Mi...
-1663. Jalapa
Jalap. The dried tubers of Exogonium (Ipo-mAea) Purga. Nat. Ord. Convolvulaceae. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Monogynia. Source, Mexico. Med. Prop. and Action. Cathartic. It is a safe and efficacious pur...
-1670. Juglans Regia
Walnut Tree. Nat. Ord. Juglandeae. Hab. Persia, but cultivated in various parts of Europe. Med. Prop. and Action. The bark of the root is stated to be rubefacient, and the inner bark of the stem em...
-1673. Juniperus Communis
Common Juniper. Nat. Ord. Pinaceae. Linn, Syst. Dicecia Monadelphia. Hab. Northern Europe. Med. Prop. and Action. The tops and berries are stimulant diuretica * Obs. on various Arts, of Mat. Med...
-1678. Juniperus Sabina
Common Savin. Nat. Ord. Pinaceae-Linn. Syst. Dioecia Monadelphia. Hab. Southern Europe, the Levant, &c. Med. Prop. and Action. The fresh and dried tops are irritant and emmenagogue. They may be giv...
-1685. Kerosolene Or Keroform
An organic radical, or, according to some chemists, an Ether or analogous Hydrocarbon, obtained in the manufacture of Kerosene Oil by the destructive distillation of Coal. Med. Prop. and Action. It...
-1686. Kino
Kino. The inspissated juice obtained from incisions in the trunk of Pterocarpus marsupium. Nat. Ord. LeguminosAe. Linn. Syst. Diadelphia Decandria. Hab. India; imported from Malabar. Other varieties o...
-1694. Lacmus
Litmus. A peculiar colouring matter obtained from Roccella Tinctoria and other colorific Lichens. It is officinal solely as a chemical test. Acids turn blue Litmus paper red, but the former colour is ...
-1695. Lactic Acid
Acidum Lacticum. Acid of Milk may be obtained, by the process termed viscous fermentation, from Milk, the juice of the Beet, Turnip, Carrot, &c.; indeed, it is formed whenever sugar in solution of w...
-1698. Lactuca Sativa
The Garden Lettuce. Nat. Ord. Composite. Linn. Syst. Syngenesia Aequalis. Cultivated in most parts of the world. Med. Prop. and Action. The inspissated juice, Lactucarium,, or Lettuce Opium, is sed...
-1703. Lactuca Virosa
The Strong-Scented Lettuce: agrees with L. Sativa in botanical characters and medical properties. The inspissated juice is sedative and narcotic, and as such has been proposed as a substitute for Opiu...
-1707. Laminaria Digitata
Sea Girdles, or Sea Tangles. A species of Sea-weed. Hab. The coasts of Europe. Med. Prop. and Action. From the property the stem possesses of becoming greatly reduced in bulk when dried, and again ...
-1708. Larix Europaea
The Common Larch. Nat. Ord. Pinaceae. Linn. Syst. Moncia Monadelphia. Hab. Europe. Med. Prop. and Action. Stimulant, astringent, and diuretic. A Tincture prepared from the inner bark of the Larch h...
-1709. Lauro-Cerasus
The fresh leaves of Prunus (Cerasus) Lauro-cerasus, the Cherry Laurel. Nat. Ord. Rosaceae. Linn. Syst. Icosandria Monogynia. Cultivated in England. Med. Prop. and Action. The recent leaves are seda...
-1714. Laurus Cassia, Linn
Cinnamomum Cassia, Blum. The Cinnamon Cassia. Nat. Ord. Lauraceae. Hab. China, Java, India. Med. Prop. and Action. Cassia Dark (Cassia Lignea) is an aromatic stimulant and carminative. The oil obtaine...
-1715. Laurus Nobilis
The Laurel, or Sweet Bay. Nat. Ord. Lauraceae. Linn. Syst. Enneandria Monogynia. Hab. Southern Europe. Cultivated in England. Med. Prop. and Action. The leaves and berries are stimulant and aromati...
-1719. Lavandula Vera
L. Spica. L. Angustifolia. Common Lavender. Nat. Ord. LabiatAe. Linn. Syst. Diandria Monogynia. Hab. Southern Europe, England, &c. Med. Prop. and Action. The flowers are stimulant and carminative; ...
-1721. Leptandrin
A black, shining powder, prepared from the root of Leptandra Virginica, a plant indigenous in North America. Nat. Ord. Scrophulariaceae. The designation properly belongs to the bitter crystallizable p...
-1722. Linum Catharticum
Purging Flax. Nat. Ord. Linaceae. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Pentagynia. Hab. Europe, England. Med. Prop. and Action. Cathartic, in doses of gr. lx. - gr. cxx., in infusion; diuretic in smaller doses, ...
-1724. Linum Usitatissimum
Common Flax. Nat. Ord. Linaceae.. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Pentagynia. Hab. Europe, India, &c. Med. Prop. and Action. The seeds (Lini Semen, Linseed) are demulcent and emollient, and may conveniently...
-1730. Liquidambar
Copal Balsam. The exuded balsam of Liquidambar Styraciflua, a native of North America; of L. Altingia, of Java; and of L. Orientale, of Cyprus. * Lectures. Midwifery, vol. ii. p. 152. Dub. Jo...
-1732. Lithlae Carbonas
Carbonate of Lithia. LO, CO2. A compound of 1 Eq. Lithia = 7 + 1 Carbonic Acid = 22 = 29, Eq. Wt. Med. Prop. and Action. Alkaline, diuretic, and lithontriptic. The value of Lithia depends on its af...
-1735. Lobelia Intlata
Indian Tobacco. Nat. Ord. Lobeliaceae. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Monogynia. Hab. United States. Med. Prop. and Action. The whole plant is officinal. In doses of gr. j. - v. of the powdered leaves it i...
-1740. Lupulin
Lupufina. The yellow pulverulent substance separated from the strobiles of Humulus Lupulus (Hops) by the process of rubbing and sifting. Med. Prop. and Action. Tonio, sedative, and anaphrodisiac. I...
-1744. Lycopodium Clavatum
Club Moss. Nat. Ord. Lycopodi-aceae. Linn. Syst. Cryptogamia Musci. Hab. Mountains of Europe. Med. Prop. and Action. The sporules are demulcent. They are, however, almost solely used externally in ...
-1748. Lythrum Salicaria
Purple Loose Strife. Nat. Ord. LythrariAe. Linn. Syst. Dodecandria Monogynia. Hab. Europe. Med. Prop. and Action. Gentle astringent and tonic. It may be given in decoction (oz. j. ad Aq. Oj.), in d...
-1751. Magnesia
Magnesia. MgO. Protoxide of Magnesia. A' compound of Magnesium 60, Oxygen 40, in 100 parts; or 1 Eq. Magnesium = 12, +1 Oxygen=8 = 20. * Hufeland's Journ., vol. xxxvi Med. Times, vol. xvii. p. 211...
-1754. Magnesiae Bicarbonatis Aqua
Solution of the Bicarbonate of Magnesia. Fluid Magnesia is obtained by subjecting Carbonate of Magnesia, diffused through water, to the action of a current of Carbonic Acid Gas under pressure (Beng. P...
-1755. Magnesiae Carbonas
Carbonate of Magnesia 3 (MgO, Co2, +HO) + MgO, 2 HO. MagnesiAe Carbonas Pondero-sum (Ph. Dub.). Sub-carbonate or Hydrated Carbonate of Magnesia. A mixture of Carbonate and Hydrate of Magnesia. Magn...
-1764. Magnesiae Citras
Citrate of Magnesia: may be formed extemporaneously by mixing the solutions of 240 grs. of Citric Acid and 210 grs. of Magnes. Carb. and evaporating. Med. Prop. and Action. Mild purgative. Its oper...
-1768. Magnesiae Sulphas
Sulphate of Magnesia. MgO, SO3 + 7HO. Epsom Salts. Comp. 1 Eq. Magnesia=20, + 1 Sulphuric Acid=40, + 7 Water=63 = 123, Eq. Wt. Med. Prop. and Action. Purgative, in doses of gr. cxx. - oz. j., disso...
-1773. Malva Sylvestris
Common Mallow. Nat. Ord. Malvaceae. Linn. Syst. Monadelphia Polyandria. Hab. Europe. Med. Prop. and Action. Demulcent, either as a drink or fomentation, in infusion or decoction. It is inferior to ...
-1774. Manganesii Binoxidum Vel Oxidum
The Binoxide, or Black Oxide of Manganese. MnO2. Comp. Manganese 63.64, Oxygen 36.36, in 100 parts; or, 1 Eq. Manganese =28, +2 Oxygen = 16 = 44, Eq. Wt. Med. Prop. and Action. Tonic and alterative...
-1778. Manihot Utilissima
Jatropha (Janipha) Manihot. Bitter Cassava. Nat. Ord. Euphorbiaceae. Hab. S. America and West Indies. Med. Prop. and Action. The root abounds in a poisonous milky juice, which proves fatal to anima...
-1782. Manna
The concrete exudation obtained by incisions from the stem of Fraxinus Ornus et Rotundifolia. The European Flowering Ash. Nat. Ord. Oleaceae. Linn. Syst. Diandria Monogynia. Source, Southern Europe an...
-1784. Marrcbium Vulgare
White Horehound. Nat. Ord. Labiatae. Linn. Syst. Didynamia Gymnospermia. Hab. Europe. Med. Prop. and Action. Slightly stimulant, expectorant, and diuretic. It is best given in infusion (gr. c...
-1786. Mastiche Resina
Mastich. Resinous exudation from the incised stem of Pistacia Lentiscus. Lentisk Tree. Nat. Ord. Terebinthaceae. Linn. Syst. Dicia Pentan-dria. Source, the islands and coasts of the Mediterranean. Imp...
-1789. Matica
Matico. The leaves of Artanthe elongata or Piper angustifolium. Nat. Ord. Piperaceae. Linn. Syst. Diandria Trigynia. Source, Peru. Med. Prop. and Action. Astringent; a powerful topical styptic. ...
-1794. Mel. Honey
A Saccharine Secretion deposited by the Hive Bee (Apis Mellifica) in the honeycomb. Med. Prop. and Action. Similar to those of Sugar, but slightly laxative. It is much used to sweeten gargles and t...
-1795. Melissa Officinalis
Common Balm. Nat. Or d. LabiatAe. Linn. Syst. Didynamia Gymnospermia. Hab. Europe. Med. Prop. and Action. Mild stimulant and tonic, with a slight degree of astringency. It is also said to be dia...
-1797. Mentha Piperita
Peppermint. Mentha Pulegii. Pennyroyal. Mentha Viridis. Spearmint. These three plants agree closely in botanical character (Nat. Ord. LabiatAe), in their habitat (Europe), and in their medici...
-1799. Menyanthes Trifoliata
Buckbean, or Marsh Trefoil. Nat. Ord. Gentianaceae. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Mono-gynia. Hab. England. * Brit. Med. Journ., April 9, 1859. HH Med. Prop. and Action. Tonic and astringent, in dos...
-1800. Monesia
MonesiAe Cortex. The bark of Chrysophyllum Buranheim. Nat. Ord. Sapotaceae. Linn. Syst. Pen-tandria Monogynia. Source, the Brazils. An extract obtained from the same has also been introduced in France...
-1802. Morus
The Mulberry. The fruit of Morus Nigra. Nat. Ord. Urticaceae. Linn. Syst. Moncia Tetrandria. It is a pleasant refrigerant, but its chief use in medicine is as a colouring agent. Offic. Prep. Syrupu...
-1803. Morphia
Morphine. C34H19NO6. An alkaloid contained in Opium, in which it exists in combination with Meconic and Sulphuric Acids. It is the chief narcotic principle in Opium. It is soluble in Alcohol and solut...
-Morphia. Continued
2. Suppositoria Morphias (Hydrochlorate Of Morphia Grs iij.; Refined 8ugar grs. xxx.; Prepared Lard and White Wax of each q. s. Divide into twelve cones; each cone to be dipped in a mixture of thre...
-1809. Morrhuae Oleum. Oleum Jecoris Aselli. Cod Liver Oil
The oil extracted by a steam heat not exceeding 180 from the fresh liver of the Cod (Gadus Morrhua) and others of the Family GadidAe, as the Dorse (Gadus callarias), the Pollack (Gadus pollachius...
-1811. The Modus Operandi Of Cod Liver Oil Is Ill Understood
Dr. Bennett** considers that its operation consists in the stimulation of the lymphatic glands and vesse's, thus increasing the activity of the capillary system. By its action on the former the proces...
-1814. The Cod Liver Oil Dose Varies According To Circumstances
Dr. Bennett advises one or two table-spoonfuls, to be taken twice or thrice daily, an hour after a light meal. This dose, for an adult, may be gradually increased. Many patients, however, cannot take ...
-Cod Liver Oil. Part 2
1817. Therapeutic Uses In Scrofula, confining this term to affections of the subcutaneous lymphatic glands, Cod Liver Oil exercises little influence previous to the occurrence of suppuration; hut ...
-Cod Liver Oil. Part 3
1822. In Scrofulous Ophthalmia, It Has Been Advised; But Mr Howard || states that he has derived no benefit from it. It deserves a fair trial. In Purulent Ophthalmia, it is favourably reported of ...
-Cod Liver Oil. Part 4
1826. In Acute and Chronic Hydrocephalus, Cod Liver Oil has been employed with a considerable degree of success. When these affections depend upon the existence or development of the scrofulous ...
-Cod Liver Oil. Part 5
1831. In Diabetes, Dr Theophilus Thompson* states that he is strongly impressed with the value of this remedy, and that the benefit derived from it, in many respects, is often remarkable. He ...
-1834. Moschus
Musk. A peculiar secretion found in the prae-putial follicles of Moschus Moschiferus, the Musk Deer, an animal belonging to the order Ruminantia, of Cuvier. It is an inhabitant of the mountains of Thi...
-Moschus. Continued
1841. In Hysteria, Musk Is A Valuable Remedy, In Doses Of Gr x. - xv. thrice daily. Dr. Conolly,|| who speaks highly of its efficacy, states that he found it particularly useful when the surface ...
-1846. Mucuna (Dolichos) Peuriens
Cowhage or Cowitch. Nat. Ord. LeguminosAe. Linn. Syst. Diadelphia De-candria. Hab. West Indies. A closely allied species (Mucuna Prurita) is found in the East Indies, the Tenas-serim Provinces, &c. ...
-1849. Musa Paradisiaca
The Plantain Tree. Nat. Ord. Musaceae. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Monogynia. The fruit of this tree, which abounds in most tropical countries, is an invaluable article of food; containing from 60 to 68 pe...
-1850. Mylabris Cichorii
(Telini, Hind.) A Coleopterous Insect allied to Cantharis Vesicatoria. It is found in many parts of the East, and in the Indian Peninsula. Med. Prop. and Action. A powerful rubefacient and vesicant...
-1851. Myristica Officinalis
M. Fragrans. The Nutmeg Tree. Nat. Ord. Myristicaceae. Linn. Syst. Dicia Monadelphia. Hab. The Moluccas, Sumatra, East and West Indies. Med. Prop. and Action. The kernel of the seed (the Nutmeg of...
-1856. Myrrha
Myrrh. The gum-resinous exudation from the stem of Balsamodendron (Protium) Myrrha. Nat. Ord, Terebinthaceae. Linn. Syst. Octandria Monogynia. Source, Abyssinia and Arabia Felix. Med. Prop. and Act...
-1865. Naphtha (Wood)
Spiritus Pyroxylicus Rectificatus. Rectified Pyroxylic Spirit. Wood Spirit. Hydrated Oxide of Methyle (C2H3O, HO) with about 10 per cent, of Water. A product of the destructive distillation of Wood. S...
-1867. Naphthaline, Or Napthaline
C20H8. A white crystalline substance. A product of the distillation of Coal Tar. Med. Prop. and Action. Stimulant, expectorant. It is also considered anthelmintic. Externally, it is used in the for...
-1869. Narcotina
Narcotine. C46H25NO14. Anarcotine (Beng. Ph.), a solid, white, inodorous, insipid, neutral, crystal-lizable principle, obtained from Opium. Insoluble in Water and alkalies; soluble in Alcohol, Ether, ...
-1873. Nectandea Rodiaei
The Bebeeru or Greenheart Tree. (Sipeeri, Dutch.) Nat. Ord. Lauraceae. Linn. Syst. Decandria Monogynia. Hab. British Guiana. Med. Prop. and Action. The bark is tonic, anti-periodic, and febrifuge. ...
-1874. Nicotiana Tabacum
Tabacum. Virginian Tobacco. Nat. Ord. Solanaceae. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Mono-gynia. Hab. Tropical America; now cultivated in most parts of the world. Med. Prop. and Action. The dried leaves (off.)...
-Nicotiana Tabacum. Part 2
1875. Therapeutic Uses In Dropsical Affections, Tobacco was strongly recommended by Dr. Fowler.* He employed an infusion (Leaves j., Boiling Water Oj.; macerate one hour; add Rectified Spirit of ...
-Nicotiana Tabacum. Part 3
1878. In Tetanus, Tobacco Enemas Have Been Advised And Successfully Employed By Drs O'Beirne,* Anderson, Earle, Curling, and others; and although occasionally benefit, and even recovery, ...
-Nicotiana Tabacum. Part 4
1881. In Dysentery, Dr O'Beirne speaks highly of the efficacy of fomentations of infusion of Tobacco (1/4 lb. of the leaves to Oviij. - Ox. of water) to the abdomen. Under their use, he states ...
-1889. Nitric Acid
Acidum Nitricum. Aqua Fortis. 3 HO, 2 NO5. Prep. By the action of Sulphuric Acid on Nitrate of Potash. Comp. Dry Nitric Acid 80, Water 20, in 100 parts; or 2 Eq. of Dry Nitric Acid = 108, + 3 Eq. Wate...
-1892. Haemorrhoids Or Piles
Dr. Houston, of Dublin, strongly recommends the application of strong Nitric Acid to bleeding piles, but particularly to that soft, red, strawberry-like elevation, which he names a vascular tumour of...
-Haemorrhoids Or Piles. Part 2
1896. In Habitual Constipation, Dr Graves* states that he has occasionally derived remarkable benefit from the use of Nitric Acid, given in sufficient doses. He considers that it possesses the ...
-Haemorrhoids Or Piles. Part 3
1905. In Impetigo, The Internal Use Of Nitric Acid (F3ss in Oj. of a bland fluid) is strongly advised by Rayer. It seldom happens, he adds, that this medicine is continued for a month or six ...
-1910. Nitro-Hydrochloric Acid
Nitro-muriatic Acid. Aci-dum Nitro-hydrochloricum, seu Nitro-muriaticum. Aqua Regia. A mixture of one part of Nitric Acid and two parts of Hydrochloric Acid. It is distinguished from all other acids b...
-Nitro-Hydrochloric Acid. Continued
1917. In Gangrene Of The Lungs, Dr C. B. Williams states that he has used the Nitro-muriatic Acid with a view to counteract the septic influence of the putrescent matter in the system, and ...
-1921. Olea Europaea
European Olive. Nat. Ord. Oleaceae. Limit Syst. Diandria Monogynia. Hab. Asia, Greece, Southern Europe. Med. Prop. and Action. The leaves and the resinous exudation of the Olive Thre were formerly ...
-Olea Europaea. Continued
1926. In Ichthyosis And Other Skin Diseases, It Proves Occasionally Serviceable Dr. Elliotson* relates a case of Ichthyosis which completely yielded to its local application. No other remedy was ...
-1929. Oleum Nigrum
Black Oil. A preparation highly valued in many parts of India in the treatment of Beriberi and other diseases. Prep. Into an earthen pot, the bottom of which is perforated by a number of small holes, ...
-1931. Olibanum
A gum resin, obtained from Boswellia Serrata. Boswellia Thurifera, Colebrooke. Nat. Ord. Terebintha-ceae. Linn. Syst. Decandria Monogynia. Source, India and Africa. Med. Prop. and Action. Stimulant...
-1933. Ononis Spinosa
The Rest Harrow. Nat. Ord. Legumi-noseae. Linn. Syst. Diadelphia Decandria. Hab. Europe, England. Med. Prop. and Action. The cortical part of the root is diuretic and aperient. 1934. Therapeutic...
-1935. Opium
The inspissated juice obtained by incision from the unripe capsules of Papaver Somniferum. There are four important varieties met with in commerce, named after their respective sources: - 1, Turkey or...
-1937. Client
Comp. Opium contains a peculiar acid, the Meconic (3 HO, C14HO11+6HO); four alkaloids, viz., Morphia (C34 H 19 NO6), Codeia (C3sH2INO6+ 2HO), Papaverina (C40 H21 NO8), and Thebaia, or Para-morphia (C3...
-1938. Opium Preparations
Prep. 1. Morphiae Hydrochloras. (See art. Morphia.) 2. Emplastrum Opii (Finely Powdered Opium Oz j.; Resin Plaster oz. ix.). 3. Enema Opii (Tincture Of Opium Fl drm. ss.; Mucilage of Starc...
-Opium Preparations. Part 2
15. Unguentum Gallae Cum Opio (Ointment Of Galls Oz j.; Powdered Opium grs. xxxij.). 16. Vinum Opii (Powdered Opium Oz iss.; Sherry Oj. Prepared by maceration and expression). Dose, ev. - xl....
-Opium Preparations. Part 3
11. As A Diaphoretic, Opium Is Best Combined With Ipecacuanha The cutaneous and the mammary secretions are the only ones not sensibly decreased by Opium; the former, it increases. On this point, Dr...
-Opium Preparations. Part 4
1942. In the advanced stages of continued and inflammatory Fevers, Opium, if judiciously exhibited, is productive of the greatest benefit; but its administration requires much caution and ...
-Opium Preparations. Part 5
1946. Diseases Of The Head In Insanity, Opium, if given judiciously, is a remedy of great value; but great discrimination in its use is necessary. A most important resource, observes Dr. ...
-Opium Preparations. Part 6
1954. In Common Catarrhs, Twenty Or Thirty Drops Of T Opii, or an equivalent dose of some other opiate, given with a warm diluent at bedtime, and followed in the morning by whatever laxative may ...
-Opium Preparations. Part 7
1963. In Perforating Ulcer Of The Stomach, Opium Is The Sheet-Anchor Drs. Stokes and Graves successfully employed it as advised in the last section; and Dr. Ogier Ward testifies to its value....
-Opium Preparations. Part 8
1966. In Colica Pictonum, Opium Has Been Advised By Gra-Shius, Sir G Baker, Adair, and most writers on this disease. Dr. Pemberton* combined the Tincture with Castor Oil; and Dr. Copland conjoins ...
-Opium Preparations. Part 9
1970. In All Spasmodic Affections Of The Bowels, Opium In Full Doses (Gr j. - ij.) proves signally useful. Fomentations, sinapisms, &c, may be used at the same time. If obstinate constipation be ...
-Opium Preparations. Part 10
1976. Diseases Of The Genito-Urinary Organs In Acute Nephritis, Opium is a remedy of great value. Dr. Christison states that he has seen the disease at once arrested, by following up blood-...
-Opium Preparations. Part 11
1986. In Ovarian Irritation, Dr Churchill j| found the local application of Opium very effectual. He prescribes some balls or pessaries, each containing gr. ij. of Opium, 3ss. of white wax, and ...
-Opium Preparations. Part 12
1989. In Many Varieties Of Natural Labour, Opium Proves Most Useful For instance: - 1. At the commencement there may be irregular and spasmodic pains. These, observes Dr. Lever, are recognised ...
-Opium Preparations. Part 13
1990. In After-Tains, The Tincture Of Opium, In Doses Of Exv - xx. in some aromatic water or Camphor julep, is generally effectual. Dr. Tyler Smith* advises an opiate liniment to be gently rubbed ...
-Opium Preparations. Part 14
1993. In Puerperal Fever, Opium Is A Very Valuable Remedy It tends in a marked degree to allay the pain, and to reduce the excitement of the nervous and vascular systems. Dr. Churchill* speaks ...
-1997. Diseases Of The Eye, Ear, And Throat
In purulent Ophthalmia, the Vinum Opii was first advised by Mr. Ware. who directs that it should be placed on the inner angles of the eyelids, and gradually made to glide along the eye, by gently draw...
-Diseases Of The Eye, Ear, And Throat. Part 2
2004. In Rheumatic And Neuralgic Pains Of The Chest, Back, And Louts, Dr Graves states that the following plaster is often of great service: - Pulv. Opii ij., Camphor 3ss., Emp. Picis, Emp. ...
-Diseases Of The Eye, Ear, And Throat. Part 3
2012. In Hydrophobia, Opium In Large Quantities Has Been Administered By Drs Babington, Vaughan, Booth, Bardsley, Brandreth, and others; and the result which they almost uniformly arrived at was, ...
-2017. Origanum Vulgare
Common or Wild Marjoram. Nat. Ord. Labiatae. Hab. Europe. Med. Prop. and Action. The herb is aromatic, stimulant, and carminative. Its activity depends upon a volatile oil, which is the best form ...
-2021. Oryza Sativa
Common Rice. Nat. Ord. Graminaeeae. Linn. Syst. Hexandria Digynia. It grows abundantly in the low swampy lands of most tropical countries, where it constitutes the principal food of millions. Med. ...
-2022. Ovum
The Egg of the Hen of Gallus Banckiva (var. domesticus). Phasianus Gallus, Linn. The Common Domestic Fowl. Med. Prop. and Action. The shell of the Egg, composed chiefly of the carbonate and phospha...
-2026. Oxalic Acid
Acidum Oxalicum. HO, C2O3+2 HO. Is obtained chiefly by the action of Nitric Acid upon Sugar, or by exposing a mixture of sawdust with a solution of Hydrate of Soda and Hydrate of Potash to a temperatu...
-2028. Oxalis Acetosella
Wood Sorrel. Nat. Ord. Oxalida-ceae. Linn. Syst. Decandria Pentagynia. Hab. Europe. Med. Prop. and Action. Refrigerant, anti-scorbutic, and diuretic. It allays inordinate thirst in febrile diseases...
-2031. Ox Bile Purified
Fel Bovinum Purificatum. Ox Gall. Fel Tauri. Fel Boats. The Bile of Bos Taurus. Med. Prop. and Action. Peptic (?) and aperient. It has also been regarded as anthelmintic. Dr. Grant states, t...
-Ox Bile Purified. Continued
2034. In Delirium Tremens, It Is Prescribed By Dr Pauli,* with the view of improving the tone of the digestive organs. He directs 3iij. - 3vj. of fresh Ox-gall in some aromatic water, to be taken ...
-2039. Oxygenium
Oxygen. Dephlogisticated Air. An essential constituent of all living bodies. Water contains of its weight of Oxygen, and the atmosphere about per cent. by weight. Sp. Gr. 1.1057. Eq. Wt. 8. Com...
-2012. Panis
Bread. Panis Triticeus. Wheaten Bread. A most valuable and nutritious article of food. Medical Uses. 1. Bread poultice, which is thus directed to be prepared by-Mr. Abernethy:|| - Put half a pint o...
-2043. Papater Rhoeas
The Red or Corn Poppy. Nat. Ord. Papaveraceae. Linn. Syst. Polyandria Monogynia. Indigenous. The dried Petals are officinal. Med. Prop. and Action. Very slightly narcotic. The amount of active ingr...
-2044. Papaver Somniferum
The Garden or White Poppy. Nat. Ord. Papaveraceae. Linn. Syst. Polyandria Monogynia. Probably a native of Persia, but now extensively cultivated in various parts of Europe and Asia. Med. Prop. and ...
-2045. Pareira
Pareira Brava. The root of Cissampelos Pareira. Velvet Leaf, or Wild Vine. Nat. Ord. Meni-spermaceae. Linn. Syst. Dicia Monadelphia. Source, Brazil and West Indies. * On Diabetes, Lond. 12mo, 1858....
-2048. Penghawar Djambi
The Malayan designation of the lower part of the stipes of a large Fern indigenous in Sumatra, which has recently obtained some note as a styptic. Mr. Archer refers it to the Cibotium Schiedei of Schl...
-2049. Pepsina
Pepsine or Pepsin. The digestive principle obtained from the stomach of the hog, sheep, or calf. There are two varieties of Pepsine used in medical practice. One is obtained by digesting the mucous...
-Pepsina. Continued
2051. In Obstinate Vomiting Of Pregnancy, Pepsine Is A Remedy Of Great Power It was first used for this purpose by Dr. Le Gros. who relates seven cases in which it proved signally beneficial. Its ...
-2058. Phloridzina
Phloridzin, or Phlorydzine. (C42H24O20, 4 HO.) A neutral, bitter, crystallizable principle which exists in the bark of the trunk and root of Apple, Pear, Cherry, and Plum trees. Discovered by M. De Ko...
-2060. Phosphorus
An elementary substance, usually obtained from bone-ash. Sp. Gr. 1.77. Eq. Wt. 32. Med. Prop. and Action. Stimulant and aphrodisiac, in small doses. Irritant poison, causing inflammation of the sto...
-2066. Acidum Phosphoricum Dilutum
Dilute Phosphoric Acid. Phosphoric Acid dissolved in Water. It contains between 9 and 10 per cent. of tribasic Phosphoric Acid, 3 HO, PO5, in solution in Water. Sp. Gr. 1.08. Med. Prop. and Action....
-2074. Physo8t1gma Venenosum
The plant producing the Ordeal Bean of Calabar. A large perennial climber. Nat. Ord. LeguminosAe, inhabiting Old Calabar. Med. Prop. and Action. The bean or seed, the Ordeal Bean of Old Calabar, is...
-2075. Pimenta
Pimento. All-Spice. The unripe fruit of Eugenia (Myrtus) Pimenta. Nat. Ord. Myrtaceae. Linn. Syst. Icosandria Monogynia. Hab. West Indies, &c. Med, Prop. and Action. Stimulant and carminative. Its ...
-2076. Piper Longum
The Unripe Fruit of Piper Longum or Chavica Roxburghii. Long Pepper. Nat. Ord. Piper-aceae. Linn. Syst. Diandria Trigynia. Hab. The East Indies and some other tropical countries. Med. Prop. and Act...
-2078. Piper Nigrum
The dried unripe berries of Piper Nigrum. Black Pepper. Nat. Ord. Piperaceae. Linn. Syst. Diandria Trigynia. Hab. East and West Indies, Sumatra, Borneo, Siam, &c. Chiefly imported from the West Indies...
-2086. Piperina
Pipeline. A crystalline nitrogenized feeble base found in Piper Nigrum, Piper Longum, and probably in other plants of the same order. Chem. Form. C34H19NO6. Med. Prop. and Action. Febrifuge (?) and...
-2088. Pix Burgundica
Pix Abietina. Burgundy Pitch. A resinous exudation from the stem of Abies excelsa (Pinus Abies), the Spruce Fir, melted and strained to free it from impurities. Imported from Switzerland. * Edin...
-2091. Pix Liquida
Vegetable or Liquid Tar. A Bituminous Liquid obtained from the wood of Pinus Sylvestris and other pines by destructive distillation. Source, Bussia and N. America. By distillation, it yields Pyroligne...
-2096. Cutaneous Diseases
In Lepra, Psoriasis, and Porrigo, Tar-water internally has proved successful in the hands of Dr. Romberg, In Eczema, Impetigo, Acne Punctata, and Prurigo Senilis, it has been used successfully by Mr. ...
-2098. Pix Nigra
Pix Arida. Black Pitch. The altered resin remaining in the still, after the distillation of Pix Liquida. Med. Prop. and Action,. The same as Pix Liquida. Externally, it is employed in the form of o...
-2101. Plocaria Candida
Gigartina Lichenoides. Fucus Amy-laceus. Ceylon Moss. Nat. Ord. AlgAe. Source, Ceylon and the Eastern Archipelago. Med. Prop. and Action. Demulcent and nutritive, containing about 54 per cent. of v...
-2102. Plocaria (Gigartina) Helminthocorton
Corsican Moss. Nat. Ord. Algae. Hub. the islands of the Mediterranean. Med. Prop. and Action. Anthelmintic, diuretic, and diaphoretic. It is also very nutritive, containing about 60 per cent. of ve...
-2105. Plumbago Europaea
Leadwort. Hab. Southern Europe. Plumbago Rosea. Hab. the East Indies. Plumbago Zeylandica. Hab. the East Indies. These three plants (Nat. Ord. Plumbagineae) are powerful irritants when applied e...
-2106. Plumbum
Lead. In its metallic state, it is generally considered inert, although persons who are long exposed to its influence, as by handling it, become affected with lead poisoning. Its salts exercise a powe...
-2109. Plumbi Acetas
Acetate of Lead, called also the Proto-acetate, the Super-acetate, or Sugar of Lead. PbO, C4H3O3 + 3 HO. Comp. Oxide of Lead, 58.95, Acetic Acid 26.84, Water 14.21, in 100 parts; or 1 Eq. Oxide of Lea...
-Plumbi Acetas. Part 2
2112. In Palpitations Arising From Hypertrophy Of The Heart, M Salgues|| found that cases which resisted all other remedies were often greatly relieved by the Acetate of Lead, in doses of gr. ij. -...
-Plumbi Acetas. Part 3
2124. In Gonorrhoea, Gleet, And Leucorrha, A Solution Of The Acetate Of Lead (Gr vj. ad Aq. Dest. fl. oz. vj.) forms a useful sedative injection. 2125. Diseases Of The Eye In the treatment ...
-2128. Plumbi Carbonas
Carbonate of Lead. 2 (PbO, CO..) + HO, PbO. Med. Prop. and Action. A poisonous salt, very seldom exhibited internally. Externally applied, it is a local sedative and astringent. It is sometimes ...
-2129. Plumbi Chloridum
The Chloride of Lead. PbCl. A caustic and astringent, solely used externally, in solution (gr. lx. ad Aq. Oj.) or ointment (gr. xxx. - gr. lx. ad Ung. oz. j.) to Cancerous and Phagedenic Ulcerations. ...
-2130. Plumbi Iodidum
The Iodide of Lead. Pbl. A compound of Lead 45.21, Iodine 54.78, in 100 parts; or 1 Eq. Lead =104 + 1 Iodine = 126 = 230, Eq. Wt. * Pathology of the Eye, p. 378. Op. cit., p. 299. Diseases of t...
-2135. Lithargyrum
Litharge. PbO. Plumbi Oxidum. Oxide of Lead. Plumbi Oxidum Rubrum. Red Lead. Pb3O4. Minium. Plumbi Oxidum Hydratum. Hydrated Oxide of Lead. 3 (PbO) HO. These preparations are of little value ...
-2136. Plumbi Nitras
Nitrate of Lead. PbO, NO5. A compound of Oxide of Lead 6747, and Nitric Acid 32.53, in 100 parts; or 1 Eq. of Oxide of Lead = 112, + 1 Nitric Acid = 54 = 166, Eq. Wt. Med. Prop. and Action. Astring...
-2140. Plumbi Subacetatis Liquor
Solution of Sub-acetate of Lead. Sub-acetate of Lead, 2 PbO, C4H3O3, dissolved in Water. Plumbi Diacetatis Liquor. Solution of the Diacetate of Lead (Pharm. Lond.). Extract of Saturn. Goulard's Extrac...
-2146. Naevus Maternus
Dieffenbach** states that flat nAevi, up to the size of an inch in diameter, may be removed by the following process: - A piece of lint steeped in pure Liq. Plumbi is to be fastened over the part by a...
-2153. Plumbi Tannas
Tannate of Lead. Is obtained by adding Tannic Acid to a solution of the Acetate of Lead. The precipitate is collected on a filter and dried. 2154. Therapeutic Uses For Bed Sores, both as a curat...
-2156. Podophyllum
The dried rhizome of Podophyllum Peltatum, the American May-apple or Mandrake. Nat. Ord, Ranunculaceae. Linn. Syst. Polyandria Monogynia. Hab. North America. Podophylli Resina. A Resin obtained fro...
-Podophyllum. Continued
2157. Therapeutic Uses In Liver Affections, Podophyllin seems particularly indicated. Dr. Gardner, whose statements are principally followed, states that he has seen Jaundice, where the stools ...
-2161. Polygonum Bistorta
Officinal Bistort, or Snake-weed. Nat. Ord. Polygonaceae. Linn. Syst. Octandria Trigynia. Hab. England. Med. Prop. Astringent. It is best given in the form of decoction (oz. ij. of the root, Water ...
-2163. Polyporus Officinalis
Boletus Laricis. Larch Agaric. A fungus found on the Larch Tree in many parts of Europe. It was proposed by De Haen as a means of diminishing the profuse perspirations of Phthisis; others have employe...
-2164. Potassa Caustica
Caustic Potash. KO, HO. PotassAe Hydras. Hydrate of Potash (Pharm. Lond.). Called also Potassa Fusa, Lapis Infernalis, Kali Purum, &c. Comp. 1 Eq. Potash = 47,+1 Water = 9 = 56, Eq. Wt Med. Prop. a...
-2167. Naevi Materni
Mr. Wardrop re-introduced the ancient practice of destroying superficial nAevi by the application of Potassa Fusa. An eschar forms, and after the ulcer heals, a cicatrix remains in the place of the nA...
-2168. Varicose Veins
Mr. Mayo applied Potassa Fusa over the trunks of the subcutaneous veins of the leg, affected with varix, in order to produce inflammation of the vein, with coagulation of the blood in it, and ob...
-2170. Scrofulous Abscesses
Baudelocque * objects to the lancet as a means of opening these abscesses; and proposes, in its place, to apply a caustic composed of equal parts of Caustic Potash and quicklime, made into a paste wit...
-2171. Strictures Of The Urethra
Mr. Whately. in 1804, proposed substituting Potassa Fusa for Argent. Nit. in arming bougies to be applied to strictures of the urethra; but the practice fell into disuse till in 1851 Mr. Wade warmly ...
-2172. Potassa Sclphurata
Sulphurated Potash. Potassii Sulphuretum. Sulphuret of Potassium. Tersulphuret of Potassium, KS3, with Sulphate of Potash. Called also Hepar Sulphuris, Liver of Sulphur. Prep. Rub together Sulphur, oz...
-2179. Potassae Acetas
Acetate of Potash. KO, C4H3O3 A compound of Potash 47.96. Acetic Acid 52.04, in 100 parts; or, 1 Eq. Potash=47, + 1 Acetic Acid=51 = 98, Eq. Wt. Med. Prop. and Action. In doses of gr. xx. - gr. lx....
-2183. Potassae Bicarbonas
Bicarbonate of Potash. KO, HO, 2 CO2. Comp. 1 Eq. Potash = 47, +2 Eq. Carbonic Acid = 44, + 1 Water = 9 - 100. Med. Prop. and Action. Antacid, alterative, and diuretic. It is readily absorbed, and ...
-2185. Potassae Bichromas
Bichromate of Potash. KO, 2 CrO3. A compound of 1 Eq. Potash = 47 + 2 Eq. Chromic Acid = 100 = 147, Eq. Wt Med. Prop. and Action. Alterative and anti-syphilitic in very small doses. In large doses ...
-2187. Potassae Carbonas
The Carbonate, sometimes called the Subcarbonate of Potash. KO CO., + 2 HO. Comp. Potassa 57.6, Carbonic Acid 26.4, Water 16, in 100 parts. Med. Prop. and Action. Antacid, alterative, and diuretic....
-2191. Epilepsy And Epileptoid Affections
Dr. Marshall Hall observes, that both mental emotion and gastric irritation are apt to induce excessive secretion of Hydrochloric Acid in the stomach, which is of itself a frequent cause of the superv...
-2193. Potassae
Chloras. Chlorate of Potash. KO, C105, Comp. Potash 38.37; Chloric Acid 61.63 in 100 parts; or, 1 Eq. Potash = 47, + 1 Chloric Acid = 75.5 = 1225. Eq. Wt. Med. Prop. and Action. Refrigerant and diu...
-2197. Phagedenic Ulcerations, And Those Of Secondary Syphilis
Some very interesting cases illustrative of the beneficial effects of the Chlorate in these cases, are recorded by Mr. Sayle. || He employed the following formula: - Potas. Chlor. j., Infus. GentianA...
-Phagedenic Ulcerations, And Those Of Secondary Syphilis. Continued
2201. In Leucorrha And Ulceration Of The Os Uteri, Injections Of The Chlorate (3j - Aq. Pluv. fviij.) have been successfully employed by Dr. Bedford Brown.* In Gonorrhoea, Dr. Irvin speaks highly ...
-2206. Potassae Citras
Citrate of Potash. 3 KO, C12H5O11. A very deliquescent salt. It may be prepared extemporaneously, by combining Potas. Bicarb, gr. xxv. in solution, with Citric Acid gr. xvij. also in solution, or with...
-2207. Potassae Liquor
Solution of Potash. Aqua PotassAe. Aq. PotassAe CausticAe. Sp. Gr. 1.058. Med. Prop. and Action. Antacid, alterative, diuretic, and lithontriptie, in doses of ex. or more, in milk, thrice daily. I...
-Potassae Liquor. Part 2
2214. In Acute Rheumatism, The Internal Exhibition Of Liq PotassAe is sometimes attended with the best effects. Dr. Watson,* who speaks highly of its efficacy, advises it to be given in daily ...
-Potassae Liquor. Part 3
2221. Diseases Of The Skin In Lepra and Psoriasis, Dr. Wil-lan speaks in the highest terms of Liq. PotassAe, particularly when these affections are connected with acidity of the prima viae, or ...
-2222. Potassae Nitras
Nitrate of Potash. KO, NO5. Nitre. Saltpetre. A Compound of Potash 46.535, and Nitric Acid 53.465, in 100 parts; or, 1 Eq. Potash = 47 +1 Nitric Acid = 54= 101, Eq. Wt. Med. Prop. and Action. The e...
-Potassae Nitras. Part 2
2224. In Chronic Rheumatism, It Was Employed In 100 Cases By Dr Cargill. Of the 100 thus treated, 61, or more than six-tenths, were cured, the average duration of treatment being 13 3/4 days. ...
-Potassae Nitras. Part 3
2230. In Dyspepsia Attended With Vascular Excitement Of The Mucous Membranes, Dr Todd advises the Nitrate of Potash, in doses of gr. v. - x. thrice daily, in water or mucilage. It has been found a ...
-2240. Potassae Permanganas
Permanganate of Potash. KO, Mn3O7. A compound of Potash and Permanganic Acid occurs in the form of dark purple, slender, prismatic crystals of a sweet astringent taste. Med. Prop. and Action. Alter...
-2243. Potassae Sulphas
Sulphate or Neutral Sulphate of Potash. KO, SO3. Comp. Potash 54.55, Sulphuric Acid 45.45, in 100 parts; or 1 Eq. Potash = 47, + 1 Sulphuric Acid = 40 = 87, Eq. Wt. It is slightly soluble in water. ...
-2248. Potassae Tartkas
Tartrate of Potash. 2 KO, C8H4O,0. Tartarized Tartar. A compound of Potash 41.593, and Tartaric Acid 58.407, in 100 parts. Med. Prop. and Therap. Uses. In doses of gr. cxx. - oz. ss., it is purgati...
-2249. Potassae Tartras Acida
Acid Tartrate of Potash. HO, KO, C8H4O10. PotassAe Bitartras. Bitartrate of Potash (Pharm. L., E., D.). Called, also, Supertartrate of Potash. Cream of Tartar. Comp. Potash 25.00, Tartaric Acid 70....
-Potassae Tartras Acida. Continued
2251. In Inflammatory Dropsy, Dr R. B Todd speaks highly of the value of this salt, given in doses of 3ss. - 3j., frequently during the day. He prefers it to Squills, Cantharides, &c., as causing ...
-2260. Potassii Bromidum
Bromide of Potassium. KBr. Hydrobromate of Potash. Comp. 1 Eq. Bromine = 80 + Potassium = 39 = 119, Eq. Wt.; or Bromine 67.22, and Potassium 32.78, in 100 parts. Med. Prop. and Action. Stimulant, a...
-2265. Potassii Cyanidum
Cyanide or Cyanuret of Potassium. KCy. (Off. Ph. U.S.) Med. Prop. and Action. It is regarded as a direct sedative, but from its powerfully poisonous action, which is not inferior to that of Prussic...
-2268. Potassii Iodidum
Iodide of Potassium. KI. Called also the Ioduret of Potassium, and Hydriodate of Potash. Comp. 1 Eq. Iodine=127 +1 Potassium=39=166, Eq. Wt Med. Prop. and Action. Are closely analogous to those of ...
-2271. Chronic Hydrocephalus
From the frequency of the tubercular origin of this disease, we should, a priori, expect benefit from Iodine and its salts. Dr. Willshire speaks favourably of its internal use (see Iodum); and Mr. Row...
-Chronic Hydrocephalus. Part 2
2276. In Gonorrhal Rheumatism, The Iodide May Be Given With Advantage Mr. Lawrence states that he has seen great benefit from its use, in doses of gr. iv. - v. thrice daily, dissolved in ...
-Chronic Hydrocephalus. Part 3
2283. In Chronic Bronchitis, Dr C. B. Williams* observes that the Iodide of Potassium has been found useful; in some instances, seeming to restrain low degrees of inflammation affecting the ...
-Chronic Hydrocephalus. Part 4
2289. In Engorgement Of The Breasts In Puerperal Women, Dr Billi, of Milan, prescribed it with success. He gave from gr. vij. - gr. ix., in divided doses daily. ...
-2290. Propylamine
A peculiar volatile alkali obtainable from several sources, but prepared for medicinal use from herring brine. It is a colourless, transparent liquid, with a strong ammoniacal odour, soluble in water,...
-2291. Prunum
Prune. The dried Drupe of the Prunus Domestica, the Plum Tree. Nat. Ord. Rosaceae. Linn. Syst. Icosandria Monogynia. Hab. Syria and different parts of Europe. * Lib. of Med., vol. i. p. 386. Dis...
-2292. Pterocarpus Santalinus
Sandal Wood Tree. Is only officinal for the fine colouring matter obtained from the wood. It has no medicinal properties. Offle. Prep. Tinctura LavandulAe Composita. (See Lavandula Vera.) ...
-2293. Punica Granatum
Pomegranate. Nat. Ord. Granateae. Linn. Syst. Icosandria Monogynia. Hab. Southern Europe, the East and West Indies, &c. Chiefly imported dried from Germany. Med. Prop. and Action. The flowers, name...
-2298. Pyrethrum
The root of Anacyclus (Anthemis, Linn.) Pyrethrum. Pellitory of Spain. Mat. Ord. CompositAe. Linn. Syst. Syngenesia Superfiua. Source, Barbary, Spain, the Levant. Med. Prop. and Action. Irrit...
-2304. Quassia
Quassias Lignum. The Wood of Picracna (Quassia) Excelsa. Nat. Ord. Simarubaceae. Linn. Syst. Polygamia Moncecia. Source, Jamaica and the West Indies. Surinam Quassia is the wood of Quassia Amara. *...
-2310. Quercus Cortex
The dried Bark of the small branches and young stems of Quercus Pedunculata. The Common Oak. Nat. Ord. CupuliferAe. Linn. Syst. Monoecia Poly-andria. Source, England. Med. Prop. and Action. Astring...
-2319. Quinia
Quinia, Quinine, Quina. C10H21N2O4, with six equivalents of Water when crystallized (Garrod). An alkaloid obtained from Yellow Cinchona Bark (Cinchona flava), from Fibrous Carthagena Bark (Cinchona la...
-2320. Remarks On The Administration Of Sclphate Of Quinia
1. In all cases previous to the administration of Quinine, it is advisable to give a purgative or emetic, or both, so as thoroughly to remove all crude matters or biliary accumulations from the alimen...
-Remarks On The Administration Of Sclphate Of Quinia. Continued
c. It should be given in one large dose immediately before the expected paroxysm. This mode was advocated by Cullen,** and it numbers many respectable advocates. Dr. Harris, Georgia, strongly advises ...
-2322. The Powers Of Quinine At A Prophylactic Of Fever Have Been Variously Estimated
It is always extremely difficult to prove the prophylactic power of any agent, as it is impossible to say whether an individual who has recourse to it, and escapes the invasion of the disease against ...
-The Powers Of Quinine At A Prophylactic Of Fever Have Been Variously Estimated. Continued
2325. In Typhus Fever, Cinchona Was Introduced In 1770 By Dr Miller, and was subsequently recommended by Dr. J. Clark. &c. In 1851, Dr. Dundas, from a fancied analogy between Typhus and ...
-2328. Periodical Or Intermittent Diseases
When any affection assumes a periodical type or character, particularly if there be reason to suspect a malarious origin or influence, Quinine is indicated, and will be found efficacious, even where o...
-Periodical Or Intermittent Diseases. Part 2
2332. In Phthisis, Cinchona Long Enjoyed The Reputation Of A Specific This opinion was supported by Morton, Sedillot, and De Metternich, while by others it has been prescribed only to answer ...
-Periodical Or Intermittent Diseases. Part 3
2336. In Erysipelas, Cinchona, Or Its Alkalies, Have Found Many Advocates Amongst others, it has been advised by Fordyce, Heberden, Wells, Graves, and Jackson. Dr. Elliotson states that it proves ...
-2338. Scrofulous Ophthalmia
In 1763, Dr. Fothergill and Dr. Fordyce recommended Cinchona in this affection, but to Dr. Middiemore is due the credit of bringing the practice prominently forward and establishing its use. Dr. Macke...
-Scrofulous Ophthalmia. Continued
2346. In Cholera, Quinine Is Advised By Dr Bell, under a fancied resemblance which he considers to exist between this disease and intermittent fever. Dr. James Bird also recommended it in ...
-2350. Quinidina
Quinidine. An alkaloid contained in many of the Cinchona Barks, especially in Fibrous Carthagena Bark, C. Condaminea (var. 5 lancifolia), C. lancifolia (Mutis). It is isomeric with Quinine (C10H24N2O4...
-2351. Resina
Resin or Rosin. The residue of the distillation of the Turpentines from various species of Pinus and Abies. The colour of the Resin depends upon the amount of heat employed in this process; the greate...
-2352. Rhamnus Catharticus
Common or Purging Buckthorn. Nat. Ord. Rhamneae. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Monogynia. Hab. various parts of Europe. Med. Prop. and Action. Hydragogue cathartic, in doses of gr. xx. of the recent fruit...
-2353. Rhatany
Krameria. The dried root of Krameria Tri-andra. Nat. Ord. Polygalaceae. Linn. Syst. Tetrandria Monogynia. Source, Peru. Med. Prop. and Action. Astringent. It is best administered in infusion, or in...
-2360. Fissures Of The Anus
Numerous cases, occurring both, in adults and children, cured by Rhatany injections, are reported by Trousseau,* Bretonneau, and others. The intestines must first be cleared out with a simple injectio...
-2362. Rheum
Rhubarb. The root of one or more undetermined species of Rheum. Nat. Ord. Polygonaceae. Linn. Syst. Enneandria Monogynia. Source, various, principally China, Thibet, and Tartary. Med. Prop. and Act...
-Rheum. Part 2
2. Infusum Rhei (Rhubarb In Thin Slices Oz 1/4; Boiling Distilled Water fl. oz. x. Infuse for one hour, and strain). Dose, fl. oz. j. - fl. oz. ij. 3. Pilula Rhei Composita (Powdered Rhubarb Oz ...
-Rheum. Part 3
2365. In Diarrhoea, Rhubarb Often Proves Highly Useful After removing any crude or irritating matters from the intestines by its purgative property, it acts as an astringent and tonic, and is ...
-2371. Rhododendron Chrysanthemum
Oleander or Rosebay. Nat. Ord. Ericeae. Limn. Syst. Decandria Monogynia. Hab. Siberia. Med. Prop. and Action. Stimulant. When first taken, it causes heat in the stomach, and increased arterial exci...
-2373. Rhus Toxicodendron
Poison Oak, or Sumach. Nat. Ord. Terebinthaceae. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Trigynia. Hab. North America, Japan, &c Med. Prop. and Action. The leaves (off.) are stimulant, in doses of gr. 1/2, cautious...
-2375. Ricinus Communis
Palma Christi, or Castor Oil Plant. Nat. Ord. Euphorbiaeae. Linn. Syst. Moncecia Monadel-phia. Hab. East Indies, America, and the Tropics generally. Med. Prop. and Action. The seeds are powerfully ...
-2376. Oleum Ricini
Castor Oil: is obtained from the above-named seeds in three ways: 1, by expression; 2, by decoction; 3, by the agency of Alcohol. The expressed oil (offic), called cold-drawn, is the most generally em...
-2381. Rosa Canina. Dog Rose. Nat. Ord. Rosace
Linn. Syst. Icosandria Polygynia. Indigenous. The Ripe Fruit (Hips), deprived of the hairy seeds (achenes), (offic.). b. Rosa Centifolia. Cabbage Rose. The Fresh Petals, fully expanded, (offic.). ...
-2382. Rosmarinus Officinalis
Common Rosemary. Nat. Ord. LabiatAe. Linn. Syst. Diandria Monogynia. Hab. South of Europe and Asia Minor. Cultivated in England. Med. Pi-op. and Action. The tops are stimulant and carminative, whic...
-2386. Rottlera Tinctoria
Kamela, Kamila, or Kameela (Hind.). Wurrus (Arab.). Nat. Ord. Euphorbiaceae. Linn. Syst. Dicia Icosandria. Hob. East Indies. Med. Prop. and Action. The dark red mealy powder mixed with the hairy sp...
-2387. Rubia Tinctorum Madder
Nat. Ord. Rubiaceae. Linn. Syst. Tetrandria Monogynia. Hab. Great Britain, &c. Med. Prop. and Action. The root(off.)is tonic; it is also regarded as emme-nagogue. When taken internally, the colouri...
-2389. Rumex Acetosa
Common Sorrel. Nat. Ord. Poly-gonacese. Linn. Syst. Hexandria Trigynia. Med. Prop. and Action The leaves (off.) are refrigerant and diuretic, and form an agreeable drink in fever*. It has also been...
-2390. Rumex Aquaticus, Seu Hydrolapathum
Water Dock: has long been esteemed in Scurvy. It is highly spoken of by LinnAeus. In Syphilis and Syphilitic Affections, it is used in America as an efficient substitute for Sarsaparilla. * D...
-2391. Rumex Obtusifolius
Blunt-leaved Dock: is stated by Dr. A. T. Thompson to be very efficacious in Ichthyosis. He advises a decoction (j. of the root, Water Oj.). A dose of fij. purges freely, at the same time that it imp...
-2392. Ruta Graveolens
Common or Garden Rue. Nat. Ord. Rutace;e. Linn. Syst. Decandria Monogynia. Hab. Southern Europe, &c. Cultivated in England. Med. Prop. and Action. The leaves are stimulant, narcotic, and irritant. ...
-2397. Sabadilla, Seu Cebadilla
Cevadilla. The dried fruit of AsagrAea Officinalis. Nat. Ord. Melanthaceae. Linn. Syst. Hexandria Trigynia. Source, South America. Imported from Vera Cruz and Mexico. Med. Prop. and Action. Powerfu...
-2401. Saccharum Alrum
Refined or White Sugar. C12H11O11. The crystallized refined juice of the Stem of Saccharum Officinarum. Nat. Ord. Graminaceae. Linn. Syst. Trian-dria Digynia. Cultivated in the West Indies and other...
-2402. Saccharum Lactis
Sugar of Milk. C24H24O24. Crystallized Sugar obtained from the whey of Cow's Milk by evaporation. Med. Prop. and Action. It is chiefly used as a vehicle for medicinal powders. Dr. Garrod** observes...
-2403. Sagapenum
The Gum-resin of an unknown species of Ferula (F. Persica, Willd.). Nat. Ord. UmbelliferAe. Source, the Levant; supposed to be a product of Persia. Med. Prop. and Action. Anti-spasmodic and emmenag...
-2404. Salicine
A crystalline principle obtained from several species of Salix and Populus. C26H18O14. Med. Prop. and Action. Tonic and anti-periodic. Its properties much resemble those of Quinine, for which it ma...
-2407. Salicis Cortex
The bark of various species of Willow. Of these, the Salix Russelliana, Bedford Willow, the * Op. cit., p. 282. Edin. Med. Surg. Journ., Oct. 1, 1837. Brit For. Med. Rev., April 1S36. Salix A...
-2408. Sambucus Nigra
Common Elder. Nat. Ord. Capri-foliaceae. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Trigynia. Hab. Northern Europe and the United States. A species, S. Adnata, is found in the Himalayas. Med. Prop. and Action. The ber...
-2410. Sangutnaria Canadensis
Blood Root. Nat. Ord. Papaveraceae. Linn. Syst. Polyandria Monogynia. Hab. Canada and Northern States of America. Med. Prop. and Action. The root is an acrid emetic with narcotic, properties. It is...
-Sangutnaria Canadensis. Continued
2412. In Croup, It Was First Proposed By Dr Ives, and has since been advocated by Dr. Branch,+ who, after many years' experience in its use, prefers it to any other single remedy. He considers ...
-2416. Santoninum
Santonin or Santonine. Santonina. C30H18O6. A crystalline neutral principle obtained from Santonica. When pure, it occurs in brilliant, colourless, rhombic, flat prisms, inodorous, of a feeble bitteri...
-2420. Sapo Durus
Hard Soap. A combination of Olive Oil with Soda. Composed of Oleate and Margarate of Soda. Sapo Mollis. Soft Soap. A combination of Olive Oil and Potash. Composed of Oleate and Margarate of Potash....
-2430. Sarothamnus Scoparius
Spartium Scoparium, Linn. Cytisus Scoparius. Common Broom. Nat. Ord. Papilion-aceae. Linn. Syst. Diadelphia Decandria. Hab. Europe. Med. Prop. and Action. The fresh and dried tops (off.), as well a...
-2432. Sarracenia Purpurea
Purple Pitcher Plant. Nat. Ord. SarracenidAe. Linn. Syst. Polyandria Monogynia. Hab. Canada and North America. Med. Prop. and Action. This plant has of late attracted much notice for its alleged po...
-2433. Sarsa
Sarsaparilla. The Root of Smilax Officinalis, and other species of Smilax. Nat. Ord. Smilaceae. Linn. Syst. Dicia Hexandria. It is imported chiefly from South America, Mexico, and the West Indian Isla...
-Sarsa. Continued
2. Decoctum Sarsae Compositum (Jamaica Sarsaparilla, Not Split, Or iias.: Sassafras in chips ox. 1/4; Guiac Wood turnings oz. 1/4. Fresh Liquorice Root, bruised, ox. 1/4; Mexereon gr. lx.; Boiling ...
-2441. Sassafras
The Dried Root of Sassafras Officinale. Nat. Ord. Lauraceae. Linn. Syst. Enneandria Monogynia. Source, North America. Med. Prop. and Action. Diaphoretic, stimulant, and alterative. Its activity dep...
-2443. Scammonium
Scammony. A Gum-resin, obtained by incision from the living root of Convolvulus Scammonia. Nat. Ord. Convolvulaceae. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Monogynia. Hab. Syria. Chiefly exported from Smyrna. Of the ...
-2447. Scilla
Squill. The Bulb, sliced and dried, of Urginea Scilla (Scilla Maritima), the Officinal Squill or Sea Onion. Nat. Ord. Liliaceae. Linn. Syst. Hexandria Monogynia. Hab. The shores of the Mediterranean. ...
-Scilla. Continued
2452. In Dysuria, I Have Used A Combination Of Acetum Scillae And Sp .Aether. Nit., in equal parts, with more uniform success than any other internal remedy. Of the mixture, xxx. in Aq. ...
-2454. Scrophularia Nodosa
Knotty-rooted Figwort (Phoram, Irish). Nat. Ord. Scrophulariaceae. Hab. Great Britain. Med. Prop. and Action. The leaves are bitter and acrid, and, when swallowed, occasion vomiting and purging; th...
-2456. Scutellaria Galericulata
Scull-cap. Linn. Syst. Didynamia Gymnospermia. A native of England. It was formerly a popular remedy for tertian fevers. It has of late years been advised by Dr. Evans in the treatment of Epilepsy. He...
-2457. Secale Cornutitm
Spurred Rye. Eroota (Pharm. Brit.). Ergot. The Grain of Secale Cereale, Common Rye, diseased by the presence of an imperfect fungus. The same fungus is occasionally developed on other grasses. Ergot c...
-Secale Cornutitm. Continued
2418 Historical Notice. The first mention of the use of Secale Cornutum as an agent in obstetrics is in 1658, by Camerarius; the next by Dr. Bautz-manni. in 1699. The Ergot is represented by both ...
-2461. As A Poisonous Agent
Ergot induces two states, which have been denominated gangrenous ergotism and convulsive ergotism. The former is characterised by formication (a feeling as if insects were creeping over the skin), gre...
-As A Poisonous Agent. Continued
2463. The Dose And Mode Of Administration Ergot may be given in the form of either of the officinal preparations, or in that of oil (Ol. ErgotAe, obtained by evaporating an Ethereal Tincture at a ...
-2466. Its Effects On The Foetus
On this, as on every other point connected with the use of Ergot, much difference of opinion prevails. Dr. Houston,: of New York, observes that it has caused many fatal demonstrations, and adds, Fro...
-2467. Its Action On The Placenta
In most cases the placenta c6mes away favourably after the expulsion of the child, when Ergot' has been administered, but occasionally the contractions of the uterus, which were so favourable towards ...
-2470. Other Therapeutic Uses
In Amenorrha, the Ergot proved successful in the hands of Dr. Neal. Dr. Wright || states that he has repeatedly seen the deranged menstrual function restored by a persevering use of the Ergot; a...
-2471. Uterine Hydatids
To favour the expulsion of these, Dr. Dewees first suggested the use of the Ergot; and its value, in such cases, has been in part realized by Dr. Macgill.** 2472. In Uterine Polypus, the Ergo...
-Uterine Hydatids. Continued
2479. In Acute And In Chronic Diarrha, The Ergot Has Been Successfully Employed By Drs Wright,|| Stout, and others. In one case mentioned by Dr. Wright, gr. v., thrice daily, effected a marked ...
-2482. Senega
SenegAe Radix. The Root of Polygala Senega. Seneka. Snake-root. Nat. Ord. Polygalaceae. Linn. Syst. Diadelphia Octandria. Hab. North America. Med. Prop. and Action. Stimulant, expectorant, diuretic...
-2489. Senna
SennAe Folia. The Leaves of Cassia Lanceolata, C. Obovata, Cassia Elongata, and of other species of Cassia. Nat. Ord. Caesalpineae. Linn. Syst. Decandria Monogynia. There are five principal kinds of S...
-Senna. Continued
2. Infusum Sennae (Senna Oz ss.; Ginger sliced grs. xxx.; Boiling Distilled Water fl. oz. x. Infuse one hour, and strain). Dose, fl. oz. j. - fl. oz. iij. 3. Syrupus Sennas (Senna Broken Small O...
-2493. Serpentaria
SerpentariAe Radix. The root of Aristo-lochia Serpentaria. Virginian Snake-root. Nat. Ord. Aristolochiaceae. Linn. Syst. Gynandria Hexandria. Source, United States. Med. Prop. and Action. Stimulant...
-2500. Sevum Praeparatum
The internal Fat of the Abdomen of the Sheep. Ovis Aries; purified by melting and straining. Med. Prop. and Action. Used externally as an emollient. It is one of the ingredients in Emplastrum Canth...
-2501. Simaruba
The bark of the root of Simaruba Amara. Mountain Damson. Nat. Ord. Simarubaceae. Linn. Syst. Decandria Monogynia. Source, Guiana and Jamaica. Med. Prop. and Action. Tonic and astringent, in doses o...
-2503. Sinapi8
Mustard. The seeds of Sinapis Nigra and Sinapis Alba. Nat. Ord. CruciferAe. Linn. Syst. Tetra-dynamia Siliquosa. Source, various parts of Europe. Med. Prop. and Action. Mustard, in small doses, is ...
-Sinapi8. Part 2
2508. In Dysmenorrha, The Mustard Hip-Bath Is Well Spoken Of By Dr Ashwell.* It should be repeated three or four times a day, the patient remaining in it from thirty to sixty minutes, or even, if ...
-Sinapi8. Part 3
2517. In Inflammation Of The Tonsils, Dr Macartney states that sinapisms to the throat are very useful in removing the inflammation. Med.-Chir. Rev., vol. lx. N. S. Dub. Journ., Jan. ...
-2521. Smilacin
Called also Pariglin, Salseparin, and Paral-linic Acid. A peculiar principle obtained from the various kinds of Sarsaparilla. Med Prop. awl Action. According to Palotta, it acts as a depresse...
-2522. Soda Caustica
Caustic Soda. Hydrate of Soda. NaO, HO. Made by boiling down a solution of Soda to a fluid of an oily consistence, which is to be poured on a clean silver or iron plate, and allowed to solidify. It is...
-2523. Sodae Acetas
Acetate of Soda. NaO, C4H3O3, + 6 HO. A compound of Soda 22.8, Acetic Acid 37.5, Water 39.7, in 100 parts; or 1 Eq. Soda = 31, + 1 Acetic Acid = 51, + 6 Water = 54 = 136, Eq. Wt. Med. Prop. and Act...
-2525. Sodae Arsenias
Arseniate of Soda. 2 NaO, HO, AsO5 + 14 HO or 24 HO. Med. Prop. and Action. The same as those of Arsenious Acid, or Liq. Arsenicalis, but less irritating. Arseniate of Soda has been long used on th...
-2526. Borax
Borax. SodAe Biboras. Biborate of Soda. NaO, 2 BO3 + 10 HO. Called also the Borate or Sub-borate of Soda. Comp. Soda 16.23, Boracic Acid 36.65, Water 47.12, in 100 parts; or 1 Eq. Soda = 31, + 2 Borac...
-Borax. Part 2
2529. In Pruritus Pudendi Muliebris, Dr Dewees speaks in the highest terms of the efficacy of a strong solution of Borax. He mentions several cases in which it produced speedy and unequivocal ...
-Borax. Part 3
2535. In Acne Simplex, Dr Copland states that the lotion from which he has derived the greatest benefit, and which he has found most generally applicable, is a solution of the Biborate in rose or ...
-2539. Sodae Bicarbonas
Bicarbonate of Soda. SodAe Sesqui-carbonas. The Sesquicarbonate of Soda. (The Carbonate of the shops.) NaO, HO, 2Co2. Comp. Soda 36.90, Carbonic Acid 52.38, Water 10.71, in 100 parts; or 1 Eq. Soda = ...
-2542. Biliary Concretions
In the severe pain attendant on the passage of Gall Stones, Dr. Prout states that he has seen more immediate alleviation afforded by large draughts of hot water, containing the Carbonate of Soda in so...
-Biliary Concretions. Continued
2549. In Purpura Haemorrhagica, The Following Formula, Proposed Originally By Dr Stevens,* has been found useful: - SodAe Carb. 3ss., Sodii Chlorid. j., Potas. Chlorat. gr. vj., M. ft. pulv. ...
-2552. Sodae Carbonas
Carbonate of Soda. NaO, CO2 +10 HO. Called also the Subcarbonate and Monocarbonate of Soda. Neutral Carbonate of Soda. Comp. 1 Eq. Soda = 31, + 1 Carbonic Acid = 22, + 10 Water = 90 = 143, Eq. Wt. ...
-2553. Liquor Sodae Chloratae
Solution of Chlorinated Soda. Solution of the Chloride or Hypochlorite of Soda. La-barraque's Disinfecting Solution of Soda. A mixed Solution of Hypochlorite of Soda, NaO, ClO, Chloride of Sodium, and...
-Liquor Sodae Chloratae. Continued
2559. Intermittent Fevers In a memoir presented to the Academy of Sciences of Paris, by Drs. Lalesque and Gouzee, in 1835, it was stated that the Chloride (Hypochlorite) of Soda possessed as ...
-2562. Sodae Hypophosphis
Hypophosphite of Soda. PotassAe Hypophosphis. Hypophosphite of Potash. Calcis Hypophosphis. Hypophosphite of Lime. Med. Prop. and Action. These are the principal Alkaline Hypophosphites which...
-2565. Sodae Hyposulphis
Hyposulphite of Soda. NaO, S2O2 + 5 HO. It occurs in the form of transparent, four-sided, odourless crystals, of a cool saline and afterwards bitter taste, readily soluble in Water, but not in Alcohol...
-2569. Sodae Phosphas
Phosphate of Soda. 2 NaO, HO, PO5 + 24 HO. Tribasic Phosphate of Soda. Tasteless Purging Salt. Comp. 2 Eq. Soda = 62, + 1 Tribasic Phosphoric Acid = 72, + 1 Water, as base, = 9, + 24 Water of Crystall...
-2575. Sodae Et Potassae Tartras
Tartrate of Soda and Potash. SodAe Potassio-Tartras. Potassio-Tartrate of Soda. Tar-tarized Soda. Rochelle Salt. Sal Polychrest. NaO, KO, C8H4O10 + 8HO. Med. Prop. and Action. Diuretic, in doses of...
-2576. Sodae Sulphas
Sulphate of Soda. NaO, SO3 4 +10 HO. Called also Glauber's Salt. Comp. Soda 19.25, Sulphuric * On Urinary Deposits, p. 98. On Stomach and Renal Diseases, p. 49. Med. Times, Dec. 2,1848. ...
-2577. Sodae Sulphis
Sulphite of Soda. NaO, SO2 + 8 HO. Prepared by neutralizing Bisulphite of Soda with Carbonate of Soda, and crystallizing. Med. Prop. and Action. Similar to those of Sulphurous Acid and the Hyposulp...
-2578. Sodae Valehianas
Valerianate of Soda. NaO, C10H9O3. Med. Prop. and Action. Stimulant and anti-spasmodic. According to Dr. Garrod. this salt resembles Valerian in its action, and may be used in cases where Valerian ...
-2579. Sodii Chloridum
Chloride of Sodium. SodAe Hydro-chloras. SodAe Murias. Hydrochlorate or Muriate of Soda. NaCl. Sea Salt. Common Salt. Comp. Sodium 39.3, Chlorine 60.7, in 100 parts; or 1 Eq. Sodium = 23, + 1 Chlorine...
-Sodii Chloridum. Part 2
2581. In Infantile Cholera, Dr Dewees states that no remedy is so prompt and so certain as an injection of warm water, in which is dissolved a large teaspoonful of Salt. This strength is for a ...
-Sodii Chloridum. Part 3
2584. In Intermittent Fevers, Salt Has Been Recommended By Dr Willemin, late Sanitary Physician in the East, in his Report to the Board of Trade in Paris. He states that at Damascus large doses ...
-2588. Sodii Iodidum
Iodide of Sodium. Hydriodate of Soda. A very deliquescent salt, prepared by decomposing Iodide of Iron by Carbonate of Soda in solution, and evaporating at a gentle heat to crystallization. * Ann. ...
-2590. Solanum Dulcamara
Bitter Sweet, or Woody Nightshade. Nat. Ord. Solanaceae. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Monogynia. Hab. Great Britain. Med. Prop. and Action. The twigs (off.) are diaphoretic, diuretic, and alterative. It ...
-2592. Solanum Tuberosum
Common Potato. As an article of diet the Potato is too well known to require description. In the dry state, it contains Starch 64, Sugar and Gum 15, Proteine compounds 9, fat 1, fibre 11 per cent Its ...
-2398. Soymida (Swietenia) Febrifuga
(Rohun, Hind.) Nat. Ord. Cedrelaceae. Hub. Central and Southern India. Med. Prop. and Action. Astringent, tonic, and febrifuge. It may also be given in decoction (3x. of the bark, Water Oij., boil ...
-2602. Spigelia Anthelmia
Demerara Pink Root. Nat. Ord. Loganiaceae. Hab. S. America. Med. Prop. and Action. Powerful anthelmintic, two or three fresh leaves, in decoction, being sufficient for a dose. In over-doses it is a...
-2603. Spigelia Marilaxdica
Carolina Pink. Worm-seed or Indian Pink. Nat. Ord. Loganiaceae. Linn. Syst. Pen-tandria Monogynia. Hab. The United States. Med. Prop. and Action. The root is anthelmintic in doses of gr. lx. - gr. ...
-2607. Spongia Usta
Burnt Sponge. Formerly a remedy of high repute in the treatment of Scrofula and Bronchocele. According to Garrod,* Burnt Sponge contains a large amount of Carbon mixed with Carbonate and Sulphate of L...
-2609. Stannum
Stanni Pulvis, seu Limatura. Tin filings. It was formerly used as a vermifuge, but is now seldom prescribed, other much more effectual remedies having been discovered. It is usually used against Lumbr...
-2610. Stanni Chloridum
Chloride of Tin. SnCl. Called also the Muriate, the Proto-muriate, the Hydrochlorate, or Butter of Tin. Med. Prop. and Action. Tonic and anti-spasmodic. In large doses it produces convulsive twitch...
-2614. Stramonium
Stramonii Folia et Semina. The dried leaves and ripe seeds of Datura Stramonium. Thorn Apple. Nat. Ord. Solanaceae. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Monogynia. Hab. England and various parts of Europe. Closely-...
-Stramonium. Continued
2616. In The Dyspna Of Phthisis, Sir J Clark states that he found the extract of Stramonium very efficacious. The dose is from gr. 1/4 - gr. j. daily, when the Dyspna is constant. 2617. In ...
-2625. Strychnia
Strychnine. Called also Vauquelnia, and Tetanine. An alkaloid obtained from Strychnos Nux Vomica, Strychnos Ignatii, and some other species of Strychnos. Chem. Form. C42H22N2O4. It exists in Nux Vomic...
-Strychnia. Continued
2627. In Amaurosis, Strychnine Was First Proposed By Dr Shortt,|| and was subsequently employed with success by Dr. Middlemore. It, however, entirely failed in the hands of Mr. Tyrrell** and ...
-2632. A Strychnos Colubrina. Lignum Colubrinum. Snakewood. Hab. Silhet
b. Strychnos Ignatii. The tree which yields St. Ignatius' Beans. Hab. The Philippine Islands. c. Strychnos Tieute. A tree from which is obtained an extract called Upas Tieute Tjettek. Hab. Java. ...
-2633. Strychnos Nux Vomica
Nux Vomica, or Poison Nut Tree. Nat. Ord. Loganiaceae. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Monogynia. Hab. Indian Archipelago, Southern India, Ceylon, &c. Med. Prop. and Action. The seeds (off.) (Nux Vomica) an...
-Strychnos Nux Vomica. Part 2
2634. Modus Operandi Dr. Pereira* enters into this subject at a great length. From his observations it appears - 1, that the operation of Nux Vomica is occasionally that of a local irritant; 2, ...
-Strychnos Nux Vomica. Part 3
2637. In Dysentery, Nux Vomica Has Been Highly Spoken Of Hufeland states that he derived great benefit from it in the treatment of epidemic dysentery. Thomann, also, bears witness to its good ...
-Strychnos Nux Vomica. Part 4
2642. In Neuralyia, M Roelants, of Amsterdam, employed Nux Vomica with great success. Out of twenty-nine severe cases, a perfect cure was effected in twenty-five, and decided relief afforded ...
-2649. Strychnos Pseudo-Quina
A native of Brazil. The bark does not contain Strychnine, Brucine, or any poisonous principle, and is extensively employed by the Brazilians as a substitute for Cinchona in Intermittent Fevers, and ot...
-2650. Strychnos Toxifera
A native of British Guiana. The juice obtained from this tree is the basis of the Woorara, Wourali, or Ourari poison of the South American Indians. This poison produces paralysis, accompanied by convu...
-2651. Styrax Praeparatus
Prepared Storax. Liquid Balsam, from Liquidambar Orientale (Ph. B.); from Styrax Officinale (Pereira). Nat. Ord. Styraceae. Linn. Syst. Decan-dria Monogynia. Source, Southern Europe and Asia Minor. Th...
-2656. Sulphur. Brimstone
An elementary body. Eq. 16. b. Sulphur Sublimatum. Sublimed Sulphur. Flowers of Sulphur (offic). c. Sulphur PrAecipitatum. Precipitated or Milk of Sulphur (offic). d. Sulphur Lotum. Sublimed ...
-Sulphur. Brimstone. Part 2
2657. Therapeutic Uses Diseases of the Lungs. In Angina Pectoris, Spasmodic Asthma, and some other Spasmodic Affections of the Chest, Dr. Munk* states that he derived the greatest benefit from the ...
-Sulphur. Brimstone. Part 3
2666. In Acne Simplex, Dr Todd advises the following powders: - Sulphur. Loti, MagnesiAe Carb. 3 j., Pulv. Rhei j., Pulv. Rad. Glycyr. 3ss., M. ft. pulv. vj., cap. j. bis ...
-Sulphur. Brimstone. Part 4
2669. In Cases Of Granular Conjunctiva, Mr Wharton Jones has used Sulphur Ointment as a local application with very good effects in several instances. It is applied much in the same manner ...
-Sulphur. Brimstone. Part 5
2672. In Diabetes, Sulphur Has Been Advised By Many German Physicians Dr. Copland states that he has often seen much advantage derived from it; and that, when given in full and frequent doses, it ...
-2678. Sulphuris Iodidum
Iodide of Sulphur. IS2. A compound of Iodine 7975, Sulphur 2025, in 100 parts. Med. Prop. awl Action. Similar to those of Iodine. It is used externally in the form of ointment (gr. x. - xx., Lard o...
-2681. Sulphuric Acid
Acidum Sulphuricum. Monohydrated Sulphuric Acid. HO, SO3. Oil of Vitriol. Vitriolic Acid. A dense, oily-looking liquid. Sp. Gr l.846. Eq. 40. Dilute Sulphuuic Acid. Acidum Sulphuricum Dilutum. Is m...
-Sulphuric Acid. Part 2
2683. In Haemorrhage, Dilute Sulphuric Acid Has Been Advised As An Internal Remedy Although less certain in its action than the Acetate of Lead, Gallic Acid, and other remedies, it is a very ...
-Sulphuric Acid. Part 3
2691. In Syphilis, Sulphuric Acid Was, At One Time, Proposed As A Remedy Mr. Pearson* states that, in those cases in which Mercury is inadmissible, and which are attended with some degree of ...
-2696. Sulphurous Acid
Acidum Sulphurosum. Sulphurous Acid (SO2) dissolved in Water. Sp. Gr. 1.04. Prepared by distilling Sulphuric Acid with Wood Charcoal. Med. Prop. and Action. Its value as an external application dep...
-2698. Sumbul
Musk Root. The name of the root of an undetermined Umbelliferous plant, introduced to the notice of the profession in this country, in 1850, by Dr. Granville It is distinct from the Sumbul (Valeriana...
-2699. Tamarindus Indica
Tamarind Tree. Nat. Ord. CAes-alpineae. Linn. Syst. Monadelphia Triandria. Hab. The East and West Indies, &c. Med. Prop. and Therap. Uses. The pulp of the pods (off.) is gently laxative and refrige...
-2709. Tanacetum Vulgare
Common Tansy. Nat. Ord. Com-positAe. Linn. Syst. Syngenesia Superflua. Hab. Great Britain, &c. Med. Prop. and Therap. Uses. The leaves are tonic and anthelmintic in doses of gr. xx. - gr. lx. They ...
-Tanacetum Vulgare. Part 2
2. Trochisci Acidi Tannici (Tannic Acid Grs ccclx.; Tincture of Tolu fl. oz. ss.; Powdered Refined Sugar oz. xxv.; Powdered Gum Arabic oz. j.; Mucilage of Gum Arabic fl. oz. ij.; Boiling Distilled ...
-Tanacetum Vulgare. Part 3
2704. Phthisis In the second stage of Phthisis, viz. that of softening, when Bronchial Catarrh has been present to a large extent, weakening the patient, causing frequent cough, and disturbing ...
-Tanacetum Vulgare. Part 4
2710. Other Diseases In Chronic Diarrhoea, which has resisted all ordinary treatment, and which is not dependent on obstructive disease of the heart or liver, Tannin has proved, according to the ...
-2716. To Sore Nipples, A Solution Of Tannin (Gr
v. ad Aq. fj.) is spoken of by Dr. Druitt, as an efficacious application. 2717. In Diseases Of The Eye, M Hairion speaks highly of the efficacy of a strong solution of Tannin (one part of ...
-2720. Taraxacum
The fresh root of Taraxacum Dens-Leonis (Leontodon Taraxacum, Linn.). Dandelion. Nat. Ord. CompositAe. Linn. Syst. Syngenesia Aequalis. Hab. England, Europe, and Northern Asia. Gathered between Septem...
-2726. Tartaric Acid
Acidum Tartaricum. 2 HO, C8H4O10. It is obtained from the Acid Tartrate of Potash. Med. Prop. and Action. Refrigerant. Although cheaper, and consequently more used, than Citric Acid, it is inferior...
-2730. Terebinthina Argentoratensis. Strasburgh Turpentine
Obtained from Pinus Picea. Contains about 35 per cent of Volatile Oil. b. Terebinthina Canadensis. Canadian Balsam or Turpentine. Obtained from Abies Balsamea. Officinal. Contains about 18 per cent...
-2732. Terebinthinae Oleum
Oil of Turpentine. C20H16 Sometimes called Spirit or Essence of Turpentine. Is obtained by distillation from the Turpentine of Pinus Palustris, Pinus TAeda, and sometimes Pinus Pinaster. When re-disti...
-Terebinthinae Oleum. Part 2
2. Enema Terebinthinae (Oil Of Turpentine Fl oz. j.; Mucilage of Starch fl. oz. xv.). 3. Linimentum Terebinthinae (Oil Of Turpentine Fl oz. v.; Ointment of Resin oz. viij. Prepared by adding ...
-Terebinthinae Oleum. Part 3
2735. In Inflammation, Dr Copland observes that, after watching its effects for thirty years, he believes that there is no remedy more deserving of confidence, if appropriately and ...
-Terebinthinae Oleum. Part 4
2737. Nervous And Spasmodic Affections In Hysteria, during a paroxysm, a Turpentine enema (fl. oz. j. ad Aq. Hordei fl. oz. viij.) is a most effectual remedy. Dr. Conolly** states that he has seen ...
-Terebinthinae Oleum. Part 5
2742. In Neuralgic Affections, The Spirit Of Turpentine Often Proves Most Useful A strong recommendation of it is, observes * Lectures, vol. i. p. 654, 1S48. Cyc. Pract. Med., vol. ii. p. 97. ...
-Terebinthinae Oleum. Part 6
2746. Diseases Of The Abdominal Viscera In Spasmodic Affections of the Bowels, great relief is often afforded by the application of Turpentine fomentations (ante) to the abdo:nen. They are often ...
-2750. As A Solvent Of Biliary Concretions Or Gall Stones, M
Durande, in 1790, proposed a mixture of two parts of Sulphuric Ether and three parts of the Oil of Turpentine. It was advised in doses of about f3ss., repeated twice or thrice daily. It has also been ...
-As A Solvent Of Biliary Concretions Or Gall Stones, M. Part 2
2754. In Cancer Of The Uterus, Dr Dewees found the Spirit of Turpentine, in doses of gutt. xx., procure sleep, when it could not be obtained from Opium. 2755. Gonorrha, Gleet, and Leucorrha, ...
-As A Solvent Of Biliary Concretions Or Gall Stones, M. Part 3
2762. Erysipelas Mr. Nunneley|| observes, that it is certain that in some instances where coma has been intense, the pulse sinking, the tongue dry and glazed, and the teeth imbued with sordes, ...
-2768. Irregular Gout
When much flatulent distension and severe colicky pains attend the internal seizure, or remain after other medicines are employed, equal parts of the Oil of Turpentine and of Castor Oil (f 3iv. to f 3...
-2778. Ulcers Of The Extremities
The internal use of Turpentine appears, in these cases, to hasten the healing process. Mr. H. Hancock, of Charing Cross Hospital, relates a case illustrative of its efficacy. Water dressings we...
-2779. Terminalta Chebula
Chebulic Myrobalon. Nat. Ord. Combretaceae. Hab. Many parts of India. Med. Prop. and Action. The fruit is very astringent, more so, according to Roxburgh, than galls. It is much used by the nati...
-2780. Thus Americanum
Common Frankincense. The concrete Turpentine obtained from the bark of Pinus TAeda, the Frankincense Pine, and Pinus Palustris, the Swamp pine. Imported from the Southern States of North America. M...
-2781. Tormentilla Officinalis (Potentilla Tormentilla)
Common Tormentil. Nat. Ord. Rosaceae. Linn. Syst. Icosan-dria Polygynia. Hab. Europe. Med. Prop. and Action. The rhizome is astringent and tonic. It is best given in the form of decoction (oz. ij.,...
-2785. Tragacantha
Tragacanth. Gum Tragacanth. Obtained from Astragalus Verus, and other species of Astragalus. Nat. Ord. Papilionaceae. Linn. Syst. Diadelphia De-candria. Source, Asia Minor. It contains two distinct gu...
-2787. Treeak Farook
A thick, soft, black electuary much used in India in many affections characterised by oedema. It is an imported article, and from a printed paper in Persian characters which accompanies each canister,...
-2790. Triticum Repens
Couch Grass. Dog's Grass. Nat. Ord. Gramineae. Linn. Syst. Triandria Digynia. Hub. Europe. Med. Prop. and Action. The underground stem or root is demulcent, diuretic, and alterative, and has been...
-2792. Tussilago Farfara
Coltsfoot. Nat. Ord. CompositAe. Hab. Various parts of Europe, Persia, and the Himalayas. Med. Prop. and Therap. Uses. Demulcent and slightly tonic. The leaves and flowers in infusion (oz. j. - ...
-2793. Ulmus Campestris
Broad-leaved Elm. Nat. Ord. Ulmaceae. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Digynia. Hab. Europe. Med. Prop. and Action. The dried inner bark (off.) is tonic and diaphoretic. It abounds in mucilage, and has conse...
-2795. Uva Ursi
The leaves of Arctostaphylos (Arbutus) Uva Ursi. Bearberry. Trailing Arbutus. Nat. Ord. Ericaceae. Linn. Syst. Decandria Monogynia. Hab. Mountains of Europe, Asia, and North America. Med. Prop. and...
-2799. Valeriana Officinalis
Wild Valerian. Nat. Ord. Valerianaceae. Linn. Syst. Triandria Monogynia. Hab. Various parts of Europe. The dried root (Valerian) is officinal. Med. Prop. and Action. Stimulant and anti-spasmodic. A...
-2807. Veuatria
Veratrine. Sabadilline. An alkaloid, C64H52N2O16 (not quite pure), obtained from Sabadilla fruit (which see), the root-stock of Veratrum Album, and other plants. Med. Prop. and Action. Acrid and se...
-Veuatria. Continued
2811. Diseases Of The Eye Mr. Howard* places much confidence in Veratria as an external application in many diseases of the eye; particularly in those in which the ophthalmic branch of the fifth ...
-2812. Vebateum Album
White Hellebore. Nat. Ord. Melan-thaceae. Linn. Syst. Polygamia Moncia. Hab. The Mountains of Europe. Med. Prop. and Action. The rhizome is purgative and emetic in doses of gr. j., gradually increa...
-2817. Veratrum Viride
American Hellebore. Indian Poke. Nat. Ord. Melanthaceae. Linn. Syst. Polygamia Moncia. Hab. North America. Med. Prop. and Action. The rhizome or root closely resembles Veratrum Album (q. v.; in its...
-Veratrum Viride. Continued
2818. Therapeutic Uses In Inflammations, observes Prof. G. B. Wood, the medicine acts only as a sedative, and not probably by changing the character of the blood: it should not, therefore, be used ...
-2823. Vienna Powder And Paste
A powerful caustic, long celebrated by the French and German surgeons in the treatment of Lupus and Cancerous Ulceration. It is composed of equal parts of Quicklime and Potassa c. Calce. When it is to...
-2824. Vinum
Wine. The fermented juice of the fruit of Vitis Vinifera. Although only one kind of Wine, Vinum Xericum, Sherry, or White Wine, is officinal, others, as Port, Claret, Madeira, Champagne, &c, are used ...
-2825. Vitis Vinifera
The Grape Vine. Nat. Ord. Vitaceae. Linn. Syst. Pentandria Monogynia. Cultivated in most parts of the world. Med. Prop. and Action. The dried fruit, commonly called Raisins (UvAe), enter into the c...
-2826. Zinci Acetas
Acetate of Zinc. ZnO, C4H3O3 + 2 HO. Prepared by the action of Acetic Acid on Carbonate of Zinc. Med. Prop. and Action. Astringent, chiefly used in collyria and in injections. In its medicinal p...
-2830. Zinci Carbonas
Carbonate of Zinc. (ZnO, CO2 + HO) + 2 (ZnO, HO). Prepared by precipitating a solution of Sulphate of Zinc with Carbonate of Soda. Zinci Carbonas Impura. Native or Impure Carbonate of Zinc. Calamin...
-2832. Zinci Chloridum
Chloride of Zinc. ZnCl. Called also the Muriate, the Hydrochlorate, or Butter of Zinc. Comp. 1 Eq. Zinc = 32.5, + 1 Chlorine 35.5 = 68, Eq. Wt. * Lancet, vol. iii. p. 109. Med. Zeitung, 1855. E...
-2838. Zinci Iodidum
The Iodide of Zinc. Dr. Venables advises its use in Chronic Diseases of the Liver, particularly when these occur in persons of weak, irritable, and leucophlegmatic habits. He found it less irri...
-2839. Zinci Lactas
Lactate of Zinc. Prepared by dissolving Metallic Zinc in dilute Lactic Acid, and evaporating to crystallization. Med. Prop. and Action. It was introduced as a remedy in Epilepsy by Dr. Herpin|| in ...
-2840. Zinci Oxidum
Oxide of Zinc. Flowers of Zinc. ZnO. Comp. 1 Eq. Zinc 32.5, + 1 Oxygen = 8 = 40.5, Eq. Wt.; or Zinc 85.25, Oxygen 19.75, in 100 parts. * Surgeon's Vade Mecum, p. 386. Lancet, Dec. 1850. Op. ci...
-2842. Chorea
The late Dr. Bedingfield* states that he treated forty cases of Chorea with the Oxide of Zinc, and in one only did it fail to effect a cure. He advises to commence with gr. v., which dose may be gradu...
-2853. Zinci Sulphas
Sulphate of Zinc. ZnO, SO3 + 7 HO. White Vitriol. White Copperas, &c. Comp. Oxide of Zinc 28.22, Sulphuric Acid 27.88, Water 43.90, in 100 parts; or 1 Eq. Oxide of Zinc = 40.5, + 1 Sulphuric Acid = 40...
-Zinci Sulphas. Continued
2859. In Menorrhagia, Dr Locock considers that, in the atonic forms, the Sulphate of Zinc is more easily managed than Steel medicines, and that in many instances it proves more useful. Dose, gr. j....
-2870. Zinci Valekianas
Valerianate of Zinc. ZnO, C10H9O3. Prepared by decomposing Valerianate of Soda with Sulphate of Zinc. Med. Prop. and Action. Nervine tonic and anti-spasmodic. It is said also to act as an anthelmin...
-2874. Zingiber Officinale
Officinal Ginger. Nat. Ord. Zingiberaceae. Linn. Syst. Monandria Monogynia. Hab. Asia, West Indies, and Tropical America, &c. Med. Prop. and Action. The rhizome or root (off.) is stimuiant and carm...
-References
Absinthium See Artemesia Absinthium. Aether See Ether. Arseniate Of Iron (See Ferri Arsenias.) Arseniate Of Soda (See Sodse Arsenias.) Aurantii Cortex Et Flores See Citrus V...
-Part Second. Medicinal Agents And Classes Of Medicines. Acids
Acida: may be conveniently divided as therapeutic agents into two classes - Mineral and Vegetable ...
-2881. Mineral Acids
The strong Mineral Acids, including Nitric, Sulphuric, and Hydrochloric, are powerful escharotics, destroying the tissues with which they come in contact, and when swallowed, they act as corrosive poi...
-2884. Acupuncture
The introduction of a needle into the body, with a view to the relief or cure of disease. It has been for centuries employed in Japan and China, and was introduced into England in 1679, by Dr. Ten Rhy...
-2890. Alkalies
Called also Antacids and Absorbents, include Potash, Soda, Ammonia, Lime, and Magnesia, and their carbonates. The Carbonate of Lithia is also a powerful medicine of the same class. In their pure state...
-Alkalies. Continued
* See Dr. Prout, op. cit.; Sir B. Brodie on Dis. of the Urinary Organs; and an able paper by Mr. Rowe, Dub. Med. Journ., vol. xviii. p. 277. Garrod, Ess. Mat. Med., p. 103. Op. cit. Ga...
-2900. Anodynes Are Literally Medicines Which Relieve Pain
In this point of view the term has a most extensive signification, including narcotics, anaesthetics, antispasmodics, blood-letting, Quinine, Arsenic, and other remedies of a greatly diversified chara...
-2901. Antacids Are Medicines Employed To Neutralize Acidity
They are considered in the article Alkalies (ante). 2902. Anthelmintics are agents which destroy, or cause the expulsion of, intestinal worms. They are sometimes called Vermifuges. They may be divi...
-Antacids Are Medicines Employed To Neutralize Acidity. Continued
1. Narcotic Antispasmodics Those which deaden the sensibility and irritability of the nervous system generally, and thus allay that irregular and violent contraction of muscular fibre which constit...
-2968. Aphrodisiacs Are Medicines Which Excite Sexual Desires, Or Venereal Power
Cullen denied their existence; but it is generally admitted that certain substances may, either by invigorating the system generally, or by their local action, stimulate the organs of generation. Dr. ...
-2910. Baths
It would be beyond the limits of this work to consider at length the effects of various baths on the animal economy, in health as well as in disease; in the present article, therefore, a few important...
-2912. Observations On Use of Baths
1. The morning is the most proper period for the cold bath. 2. It should not be taken whilst the body is in a state of profuse perspiration. 3. It is objectionable immediately after a full meal. 4. Th...
-Observations On Use of Baths. Part 2
2919. In Chorea, The Cold Shower-Bath Is Especially Valuable Dr. Babington* relates several cases successfully treated by it. Dr. Watson regards it as the most effectual tonic which can be ...
-Observations On Use of Baths. Part 3
2924. In Tetanus, The Application Of Cold Water Is As Old As Hippocrates In modern times, the cold bath has been strongly advised by Drs. Cochrane, Wright, Currie, and others; but it signally ...
-Observations On Use of Baths. Part 4
2933. Therapeutic Uses In inflammatory attacks of Children, the hot bath often proves signally beneficial. It may be repeated daily, or even two or three times a day. It determines to the skin, ...
-Observations On Use of Baths. Part 5
2940. In Prurigo, Mr E. Wilson observes that the first point, and one of the most important, is the daily employment of baths. Their temperature should not be higher than 70 F., and they may ...
-Observations On Use of Baths. Part 6
2950. Observations On Their Use 1. Never apply a blister at the beginning of inflammation; never in its acute stage; wait till this has been subdued by other means, bleeding, &c., and then it may ...
-Observations On Use of Baths. Part 7
2953. Cautions And Contra-Indications 1. Pregnancy. Blisters, observes Dr. Dewees,* are to be used with great caution with pregnant women; owing to the great excitability of their systems, they ...
-2954. Open Or Perpetual Blisters
It is often desirable to keep up a discharge from the blistered surface for many days, or even weeks, in succession: for this purpose, the Ung. SabinAe is generally employed as a dressing; but there i...
-2955. Flying Blisters
This is a term employed by Prof. Graves to denote blisters which are allowed to remain on for two or three hours, and are then removed. The primary action of a blister is that of a local and general s...
-2963. Diseases Of The Heart And Lungs
In Pericarditis, Dr. Hope speaks highly of relays of blisters over the region of the heart; and Dr. Watson observes, that when the pericardium is distended by effusion, he has seen the applicati...
-Diseases Of The Heart And Lungs. Continued
2971. In Angina Pectoris, Relays Of Blisters Have Been Advised By Percival And Others The best position for their application is between the shoulders, and they should be kept open for some weeks. ...
-2983. Regurgitation Of Food
When this is either purely nervous or neuralgic, Sir H. Marsh* found great benefit from small blisters, applied simultaneously to the pit of the stomach and to the spine. In some instances, this trea...
-2990. Abscesses
It has been proposed to apply blisters to abscesses, with a view of producing the absorption of pus. On this point Sir B. Brodie observes, I have blistered abscesses, and kept them open; but d...
-2994. The Objects For Which Blood-Letting Is Employed
- 1, to weaken the action of the heart, and the consequent force of the circulation; 2, to lessen the quantity of blood in the system; 3, to cause a derivation of blood from other parts to that whence...
-2995. Dangers Of Blood-Letting
1. Syncope. When disease of the heart exists, the sudden abstraction of a large quantity of blood has been followed by fatal syncope, from the pressure of the effused fluid on the surface of the heart...
-2996. Axioms Of Blood-Letting
1. For ordinary cases, the veins at the bend of the elbow, the basilic or median-basilic, are generally preferred; but the jugular vein in children, and the temporal artery in adul3ts, are preferable ...
-12997. Therapeutic Uses of Blood Letting
In Acute Inflammation, especially of Serous Membranes, the practice of general blood-letting, advocated in the first edition of this work (1854), has undergone considerable modification, and it is now...
-2998. Fever
The change in practice which we have just noticed, with regard to Inflammation, has extended itself to Fevers; and blood-letting is now, comparatively speaking, rarely resorted to, unless some peculia...
-3001. Intermittent Fevers
Intermittent Fevers, uncomplicated with cerebral affections, or with inflammation of some important viscera, rarely, if ever, require the use of the lancet; when, however, these complications are eith...
-3004. Cerebral Affections
Acute Inflammation of the Brain and its Membranes requires to be treated on the general principles laid down in Inflammation. Blood-letting is only applicable to the early stage of the disease, occurr...
-Cerebral Affections. Continued
3007. Diseases Of The Heart In Acute Inflammation of the Heart and its Membranes, blood-letting was formerly regarded as indispensable; but the practice in this, as in other acute inflammations, ...
-3008. Diseases Of The Lungs And Throat
In treating of Inflammation generally (ante), we have seen that amongst the cases in which the utility of blood-letting, general or local, is still recognised, are those in which obstructions of an in...
-Diseases Of The Lungs And Throat. Part 2
3011. Diseases Of The Abdominal Viscera Acute Peritonitis, Enteritis, and other Abdominal Inflammations, should, in accordance with modern views, be treated on the general principles laid down ...
-Diseases Of The Lungs And Throat. Part 3
3015. Diseases Of The Genito-Urinary Organs In Acute Nephritis, leeches, or cupping over the loins, followed by the free use of opiates, diluents, and demulcents, with rest and an antiphlogistic ...
-3017. Acute Rheumatism
From the time of Sydenham, who was a strong advocate for blood-letting in this disease, up to a recent period, it has been considered not only a rational, but a necessary and successful mode of treati...
-Acute Rheumatism. Part 2
3022. Observations On Their Use 1. The action of every cathartic is followed by a greater or less amount of constipation. This is peculiarly the case with Rhubarb, and is less observable with the ...
-Acute Rheumatism. Part 3
15. Cathartics May Often Be Advantageously Administered In The Form Of Enema They form a very valuable resource, either where the patient is unable to swallow, or where it is of importance speedily...
-Acute Rheumatism. Part 4
3026. In Insanity, Purgatives Should Be Freely Employed The stronger ones, as Croton Oil or Scammony, are generally indicated. Their value is universally admitted. In Delirium Tremens, purgatives ...
-Acute Rheumatism. Part 5
3035. In Purpura Haemorrhagica, They Have Been Found Very Useful They are particularly recommended by Dr. Hasty, of Dublin. 3036. In Colica Pictonum, the utility of purgatives is undoubted; but ...
-Acute Rheumatism. Part 6
3043. In Bronchorrha, Purgatives Prove Of Great Service Dr. Copland* states that he has never seen a case of the disease which has not been much relieved by purgatives; taking care, however, that ...
-3046. Collyrium, A Fluid Application For The Eyes, Commonly Called An Eye-Wash
Collyria are divided by Dr. Jacob* into four classes, viz., Stimulant, Astringent, Sedative, and Escharotic. 1. Stimulants, as Vinum Opii, weak solutions of the Sulphates of Zinc and Copper, are mo...
-3047. The Mode Of Applying Collyria
Dr. Jacob observes, that in order to secure a full exposure of the whole conjunctiva of both the eye and the lids to the contact of the fluid, it should be introduced beneath the upper lid at the oute...
-3049. Counter-Irritation
This term designates any irritation artificially established, with a view to diminish, counteract, or remove some other irritation or inflammation existing in the body. (Dr. Williams.) The substances ...
-Counter-Irritation. Continued
3053. In Hysterical Headaches, Dr Graves speaks highly of dry-cupping at the nape of the neck, between the shoulders, and below the clavicles. Six cups should be applied, and should be allowed to ...
-3058. Remarks On Their Use
1. Sweating may be produced not only by medicines introduced into the stomach, but by many external agents: as affusion, hot and cold; by the vapour bath (a very powerful means); by frictions, &c. The...
-3059. Diuretics Are Medicines Which Increase The Quantity Of The Urinary Discharge
They may operate in four ways - 1, as direct stimulants to the kidneys, by being absorbed into the circulation, and passing unchanged to them; 2, by undergoing decomposition in transitu, and acting on...
-3066. Electricity
b. Faradisation; Electro-Magnetism; Magneto Electricity. c. Galvanism; Voltaic Electricity. These three varieties of the same agent, although closely allied, yet differ somewhat in their special...
-3067. Therapeutic Uses Of Electricity
In Paralysis and Paralytic Affections generally, electricity, if employed with due care and in proper cases, proves highly serviceable. It is inadmissible so long as inflammatory or febrile symptoms a...
-3076. Therapeutic Uses Of Electro-Magnetism And Magneto-Electricity
In Chronic Rheumatism and Rheumatic Paralysis, electro-magnetism is often productive of benefit. It is particularly recommended by Dr. Davies,** of Bath, who ascribes the benefit derived from it to it...
-3083. Therapeutic Uses Of Voltaic Electricity, Or Galvanism
In Local Paralysis unattended by organic lesion of the nervous centres, particularly in Mercurial and Lead Palsy, galvanism has proved highly serviceable. Mr. Grantham found it particularly useful in ...
-3088. Epilepsy Has Occasionally Been Treated With Galvanism
Dr. Duncan, Mr. Whitlam, and others, have advocated its employment, and recorded cases in which it appears to have exercised a favourable influence. Of electricity and galvanism, observes Dr....
-Epilepsy Has Occasionally Been Treated With Galvanism. Continued
3095. Therapeutic Uses In Paraplegia and Hemiplegia, it proved very successful in the hands of Dr. Terzi.* He also found it effectual in facial Paralysis. * Med. Times, July 20, 1850. Med. ...
-3100. Emetics Are Agents Which Excite Vomiting
This definition requires modification, as there are many substances clearly in themselves not emetics, which will, under certain circumstances, act as such. Thus Castor Oil or Copaiba, from their naus...
-3101. Observations On The Use Of Emetics
1. In childhood and infancy, emetics are generally well borne, and prove highly serviceable in the diseases of early life. In them, generally speaking, Ipecacuanha is preferable to Tartar Emetic; the ...
-Observations On The Use Of Emetics. Continued
3107. In Delirium Tremens, Emetics Were Employed By Stoll, In 1778 They have more recently been reintroduced into American and English practice; but, on the whole, the treatment appears to be less ...
-3110. Diseases Of The Chest And Throat
In Phthisis, the value of emetics has been strongly insisted upon by Morton, Simmons, Parr, Robinson, Reid, Marryat, De Vittis, and more recently by Dr. Marshall Hughes, who reports favourably of them...
-Diseases Of The Chest And Throat. Part 2
3117. Other Diseases In Erysipelas, emetics are advised by Liston, Chelius, Desault, Nunneley, Donellan, &c. Their good effect is limited to the early stage, and they are chiefly indicated when ...
-Diseases Of The Chest And Throat. Part 3
3127. Observations On Their Use 1. Emmenagogues should be used with great caution, if at all, to bring on the first menstrual discharge. In the majority of cases, when the uterus is properly and ...
-Diseases Of The Chest And Throat. Part 4
6. The Form Of Instrument Used Does Not Much Signify If used with proper caution, an enema is perfectly safe, and a valuable resource in many forms of disease, in children as well as in adults. ...
-Diseases Of The Chest And Throat. Part 5
3140. In Haemorrhoids Or Piles, The Daily Practice Of Injecting Oss of cold water proves highly serviceable. Under the use of this simple remedy, and a few grains of Rhubarb daily, I have seen ...
-Diseases Of The Chest And Throat. Part 6
3144. Therapeutic Uses Gargles are chiefly employed as topical applications in various affections of the throat, in Cy-nanche Tonsillaris and Maligna, in ulceration of the fauces, in relaxation of ...
-3146. Ice
A valuable therapeutic agent, extensively employed of late years, both internally and externally. When given internally, it proves sedative, refrigerant, and astringent; and, as such, is very servicea...
-Ice. Part 2
3148. Therapeutic Uses In Insanity, the application of ice to the shaven scalp is sometimes productive of excellent effects. M. Foville employed a cap containing pounded ice, which was closely ...
-Ice. Part 3
3153. In The Convulsions Of Infancy And Childhood, Dr R. B. Todd speaks highly of the external application of ice. It should be powdered, and placed in bags along the whole length of the spine. It ...
-3157. Burns
Dr. Jobert, of the Hospital St. Louis, Paris, treats burns by the application of bladders filled with ice, and placed on the injured surface. The results he states to be most satisfactory, the g...
-Burns. Continued
3164. In Ileus, Dr Brandis. of Copenhagen, successfully treated ten cases by the application of cloths, dipped in iced water, to the abdomen, at the same time that he gave iced water as a drink. ...
-3167. Injection
A fluid thrown, by means of a syringe, into a passage or cavity of the body. They may be conveniently considered with reference to the locality to which they are applied. ...
-3168. Injections Into The Urethra
The only or principal disease in which these are employed is Gonorrha; and even here much difference of opinion exists as to their safety and efficacy, one class denouncing them as the origin of Orchi...
-3170. Injections Into The Vagina
These are chiefly employed in Leucorrha and Menorrhagia,' and in some diseases of the uterus. They frequently fail, however, from the non-observance of a few plain rules, as pointed out by Sir C. Loco...
-3171. Injections Into The Uterine Cavity Were First Employed By Drs
Robert and Vidol de Cassis, some years since; but they were abandoned from a fear of producing Peritonitis, by the passage of the injection into the abdomen, through the Fallopian tubes. Prof. Strohl,...
-3176. Insufflation
The act of blowing a vapour or powder into some cavity, or on some particular part of the body; e.g., air blown into the mouths of new-born infants, to excite the respiratory function. In modern pract...
-Insufflation. Part 2
5. Great Care Is Necessary In Healing An Issue Or Seton When Once Established It should never be done suddenly. 3179. Therapeutic Uses In Chronic Pulmonary Affections, particularly in Asthma,...
-Insufflation. Part 3
3192. Leeches, Hirudines, Are Very Commonly Employed As Agents For Local Blood-Letting In many local or chronic forms of inflammation and in diseases of infants, leeches are preferable to cupping ...
-3193. Observations On The Use Of Leeches
1. The capacity of leeches for drawing blood differs considerably. The common English or speckled kind draws from f3j, to f 3ij., not including that which flows subsequently. The Indian leech draws fr...
-Observations On The Use Of Leeches. Part 2
6. There Is More Danger Than Is Usually Imagined In Applying Leeches A Second Time There can be but little doubt that some diseases, particularly Syphilis, and also puerperal fevers, have been tran...
-Observations On The Use Of Leeches. Part 3
3204. In Dropsy After Scarlatina, Dr Behrend advises the application of leeches (6 to 10) to the lumbar region. They serve to diminish the congestion of the kidneys, so as to prevent the exudation ...
-Observations On The Use Of Leeches. Part 4
3211. In Hooping- Cough, Dr Pidduck* states, that for thirty years he has adopted the following treatment (originally proposed by the late Dr. Sandars) with such success that he cannot recollect a ...
-Observations On The Use Of Leeches. Part 5
3213. Observations On Their Use 1. The extent of the dose of a narcotic, especially in acute cases, should be regulated more by the effects which it produces, than by a regularly stated dose. ...
-Observations On The Use Of Leeches. Part 6
3216. Stimulants, Or Excitants, Are Defined By Dr. Joy as substances which speedily augment the action of the part to which they are immediately applied, and, subsequently, after a very brief ...
-Observations On The Use Of Leeches. Part 7
3217. Therapeutic Uses Acute Diseases. Since the appearance of the first edition of this work, the question, whether Alcohol be a food or a medicine, has been the subject of much discussion. From ...
-Observations On The Use Of Leeches. Part 8
6. No Other Symptoms Seemed To Call For Their Discontinuance 7. When suddenly and totally discontinued during the course of the illness, serious, and in some cases fatal, effects ensued. 8. In n...
-Observations On The Use Of Leeches. Part 9
3226. In Tetanus, The Use Of Stimulants Was First Proposed By Dr Rush,* who, considering that the disease was essentially one of debility, advised Brandy, Wine, Ammonia, Bark, &c. In America, this ...
-3233. Cold Water
Taken in moderate quantities, cold water quenches thirst, allays inordinate heat of the body, promotes the process of digestion, and, by being absorbed into the system, repairs the loss of the fluid p...
-3234. Therapeutic Uses Of Cold Water
In Fever, cold affusion was first brought prominently forward by Dr. Currie;* and, although its value is now generally acknowledged, the many inconveniences attending its use have generally caused it ...
-Therapeutic Uses Of Cold Water. Continued
3237. In Tubercular Meningitis, Cold Affusion Is Spoken Of In High Terms By Dr Hahn. He states that he has several times succeeded in rousing the child, after the supervention of complete coma. ...
-3244. Nervous Palpitations
A draught of cold water is an efficient expedient for calming the violent action of a palpitating heart. This measure would not, however, be advisable in persons predisposed to syncope. (Dr. Williams....
-3246. Hot Water Is A Valuable Therapeutic Agent
For internal use the temperature should be about 100 F. If drunk at this temperature, it causes nausea, and if taken in large draughts, vomiting; it also acts as a diaphoretic and diluent, become...
-Hot Water Is A Valuable Therapeutic Agent. Continued
3255. In Rigidity Of The Os Uteri During Labour, Dr Tyler Smith recommends the use of warm-water enemas. They act, he says, on the uterus as a local fomentation, and they excite another ...
-Index Of Diseases
The asterisk (*) denotes the paragraphs which are most deserving of attention. Abdominal Dropsy. See Dropsy. Abortion. *Opium, 1987. Secale Cornutum, 2472, 2474. *Ice, 3162. - Threatened: Arseni...
-Index Of Diseases. Part 2
2301. Electricity, 3068___Functional, from Paralysis of Vocat Cords: Argenti Nitras (locally), 343, 344. Emetics, 3122. Aphth, and Aphthous Ulceration of the Mouth. Cascarilla, 760. MagnesiAe ...
-Index Of Diseases. Part 3
Breast, Affections of. See Mamma. Breath, Ftor of. PotassAe Chloras, 2197. Bronchi, Dilatation of. Creasote, 992. Bronchitis, Acute. Tartar Emetic, 248. Byne (malt), 573. Chlorine (inhalation...
-Index Of Diseases. Part 4
Cataract. *Belladonna, 472. Hyoscyamus, 1557. Stramonium, 2622. Galvanism, 3087. Catarrh. Liq. AmmoniAe Acet., 130. AmmoniAe Carb., 150. Arsenic, 423. Cera Alba (emulsion), 784. Cetaceum, 794. *Spt...
-Index Of Diseases. Part 5
Consumption. See Phthisis. Contusions. Alcohol, 63. AmmoniAe Hydrochloras, 171. Arnica, 392. Ol. Cajuputi, 591. Convalescence after Debilitating Diseases. Anthemis, 240. Ber-beris Lycium, 544. *...
-Index Of Diseases. Part 6
Diarrha, Acute. Succus Limonis, 885. Ipecacuanha, 1643. Infus. Lini, 1725. Secale Cornutum, 2479. Emetics, 3116 *Leeches, 3201. - Sub-acute and Chronic: Gum Acacia, 3. *Bael, 61. Alum, 98. Argenti Chl...
-Index Of Diseases. Part 7
Dysmenorrha. Liq. AmmoniAe Acet., 136. Apiol, 302. Belladonna, 480. Atropine, 508. Camphor, 657. Carbonic Acid Gas, 738. Castor, 765. *Chloroform, 858. *Ferri Iodidum, 1164. Tinct. Ferri Perchloridi, ...
-Index Of Diseases. Part 8
Epistaxis. Gum Acacia (powder), 4. Digitalis, 1103. Ipecacuanha, 1644. Matica, 1790. Plumbi Acetas, 2118. Secale Cornutum, 2478. Tannic Acid, 2702. Ol. TerebinthinAe. 2736. *Ice, 3159. - Injections in...
-Index Of Diseases. Part 9
Fever, Malarious. Preventives of. Gentian, 1309. Tabacum (smoking), 1883. *Quinine, 2322. Fever, Puerperal. Calumba, 637. Creasote, 999. Tinct. Ferri Perchloridi, 1204. Calomelas, 1381. Ol. Lini (e...
-Index Of Diseases. Part 10
Goitre. See Bronchocele. Gold, Poisoning by Salts of. Sugar, 2401. Gonorrha. Alum, 105. Argenti Oxidum (locally), 377. Col-chicum, 931. *Copaiba, 975. Creasote, 994. *Cubebs, 1024. Dipterocar...
-Index Of Diseases. Part 11
Hay Fever. *Arsenic, 422. Calx Chlorata, 602. Cannabis Indica, 687. Coffea, 914. Lobelia Innata, 1739. Opium, 1944. *Quinine, 2328. Nux Vomica, 2644. Hot Water (vapour), 3248. Head Affections in Fe...
-Index Of Diseases. Part 12
Hydrothorax. Colchicum, 928. *Digitalis, 1090. Calomelas, 1428. Sanguinaria, 2411. Blisters, 2970. Issues, 3185. Hypochondriasis. Assaftida, 449. Bismuthum Album, 547. *Ferri Sulphas, 1252. Hydrocy...
-Index Of Diseases. Part 13
470. *Calomelas, 1400. PotassAe Bichromas, 2186. *Ol. TerebinthinAe, 2743. Itch. See Scabies. Jail Cachexia. *Ol. MorrhuAe, 1829. Jaundice. Aloes, 89. Argenti Nitras, 322. Acid. Benzoicum, ...
-Index Of Diseases. Part 14
Iodine, 1601. *Plumbi Acetas, 2126. PotassAe Carb., 2190. SodAe Bicarb., 2550. Liq. SodAe ChloratAe, 2561. Sulphuris Iodidum, 2679. - Agrius: Arsenic, 408. Collodion, 941. Zinci Oxidum, 2852. - Tropic...
-Index Of Diseases. Part 15
Ung. Acidi Sulphurici, 2695. Issues, 3188. Mortification. See Gangrene. Morphia, Poisoning by. Carbo Animalis, 719. Mosquitoes, Bites of. Liquor AmmoniAe, 201. Mouth, Affections of. See AphthAea, Apht...
-Index Of Diseases. Part 16
Ophthalmia, Rheumatic. *Oleum MorrhuAe, 1828. *Vinum Opii (locally), 1997. Galvanism, 3087. Ophthalmia, Variolous. *Vin. Opii, 1997. Ophthalmia, Scrofulous. Ammonii Bromidum, 142. Arsenic, 424. ...
-Index Of Diseases. Part 17
Pharyngitis. Argenti Nitras (locally), 343. Inhalation (of pulverized fluids), 3166. Phimosis. *Belladonna, 476. *Lupulin, 1742. Tabacum (fomentation), 1887. Phlegmasia Dolens. AmmoniAe Carb., 1...
-Index Of Diseases. Part 18
Porrigo Larvalis. Liq. Plumbi Subacet., 2150. SodAe Bicarb., 2550. *Zinci Oxidum, 2852. Porrigo Lupinosa. Cocculus Indicus, 902. Liq. PotassAe, 2221. Pregnancy. *PotassAe Chloras, 2205. - Vomiti...
-Index Of Diseases. Part 19
Rheumatism, Acute. Aconitum Napellus, 37. Actea Racemosa, 53. Liquor AmmoniAe, 209. *Tartar Emetic, 257. Auri Terchloridum, 512. Cannabis Indica, 691. Succus Limonis, 889. *Colchicum, 921. *Guaiacum, ...
-Index Of Diseases. Part 20
Scirrhus of the Mamma. See Mamma. - Of the Stomach. See Stomach. Sclerotitis. Morphia, 1805. Potassii Iodidum, 2272. Bloodletting, 3016. See also Eye, Diseases of. Scorbutus. See Scurvy. Scor...
-Index Of Diseases. Part 21
Staphyloma. Ox-gall, 2038. Stomach, Scirrhus of. AmmoniAe Hydrochloras, 177. Chloroform, 863. Conium, 962. - To Allay the Vomiting of Scirrhus: AmmoniAe Hydrochloras, 177. Opium, 1972. - Ulceration...
-Index Of Diseases. Part 22
Thrush. See Aphtha and Aphthous Ulceration. Tic Douloureux. *AmmoniAe Hydrochloras, 172. Liquor Am-moniAe, 204. Argenti Nitras, 365. Arsenic, 397. Bebeerine, 530. Cannabis Indica, 686. Cedron, 781....
-Index Of Diseases. Part 23
Uretheritis. Copaiba, 976. See also Gonorrha. Urinary Calculus. See Calculus. Urinary Organs, HAemorrhage from. See HAematuria. Urine, Incontinence of. Camphor, 667. Cantharides, 696. *Lupuli...
-Index Of Diseases. Part 24
White Swelling. Barii Chloridum, 526. Plumbi Tannas, 2155. See also Morbus Coxarius and Joints, Diseases of. Whitlow. See Onychia. Worms. Album Sativum, 78. Artemesia, 438. Chenopodium Anthelm.,...
-Churchill's Series Of Manuals
We here give Mr. Churchill public thanks for the positive benefit conferred on the Medical Profession, by the series of beautiful and cheap Manuals which bear his imprint. - British and Fureigii Me...







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