This section is from the book "Hartmann's Theory Acute Diseases And Their Homoeopathic Treatment", by Charles J. Hempel. Also available from Amazon: Theory of acute diseases, and their homoeopathic treatment.
* Raw fruit of any kind is hurtful in most cases of fever, and ought never to be allowed. I have seen violent relapses into bilious and intermittent feveroccur in consequence of the patient having eaten a piece of raw apple. - Hempel.
The reviewer of the first edition of this work disapproves of water which has not been drawn fresh from the well; he thinks that fresh water is the best beverage for the patient, and will refresh him most, provided' it is given by the spoonful. Fever patients sometimes will require more than a spoonful of a drink, in which case the icy-cold water would not be a suitable drink. The water which the patient drinks in the winter-season ought to have been standing in a warm room for several hours. If the physician were to permit his patient the unlimited use of icy-cold water, and the patient should die, this sad result might be attributed to the use of that liquid, whereas the use of moderately cool water will not be hurtful to the patient, if the homoeopathic remedy have been otherwise well selected. The use of icy-cold water, which is insisted upon by cholera patients, is in their case an exception to the rule, which cannot be made a law for all fever patients. It cannot be decided beforehand when and how much the patient is to drink; this depends upon the violence of the fever and upon the wants and desires of the patient; it would evidently be cruel to let the patient suffer thirst. If the patient be deprived of his senses, and the dryness of the lips and tongue and the frequent licking indicate an intense thirst, the attendants ought frequently to offer the patient drink. When the patient is thus panting after a little refreshment, he may occasionally be given a teaspoonful of a mixture of orgeat and the juice of cherries, mulberries, or sweet oranges. This compound is extremely refreshing, and does not injure the effects of the medicine. It is proper never to allow the patient too much drink at once, but little at a time and frequently.
The best drink is pure spring water. This is the best drink to quench the thirst. If the patient should get tired of the pure water, it may be boiled (which ought especially to be done if the water cannot be had pure), after which it is to be cooled again, and a slice of toasted bread or rusk to be soaked in it; or the water may be boiled together with the toast, and afterwards filtered through a piece of linen. This liquid may be sweetened with sugar, raspberry, cherry, althea, mulberry, or apple-juice; the yolk of an egg may be added, or a refreshing lemonade may be prepared out of it by dropping a few drops of the juice of an orange or that of fresh grapes into the liquid. Whether lemonade made of lemon-juice can be allowed depends upon circumstances, and has to be left to the decision of the physician. Decoctions of dried apples, cherries, and prunes, are likewise pleasant and allowable.
The next drink, after water, is boiled milk, which cannot be used, however, in all kinds of erethic fever, without injuring the patient. The same observation applies to buttermilk, which, although generally pleasant and useful, yet has to be used with great caution in gastric and pituitous fevers. The patient may likewise use the so-called white German ale.*
Oatmeal gruel, rice, and barley-water, and other slimy decoctions of a similar kind, are likewise very agreeable; also decoctions of both fresh and dried fruit, orgeat made of sweet almonds; malt-drink, prepared by pouring over three or four tablespoonfuls of malt a quart or three pints of boiling water; and various other decoctions.
Moreover, the patient may use broth, a light warm beer without spices, an infusion of roast and ground cocao, chocolate without spice, and an infusion of althea, with or without a little liquorice.
§ 20. Mental and physical quiet is an important requisite for the successful treatment of fever. The patient has to be on his guard against vehemence, or against emotions of any kind, on which account it is advisable that no one but the necessary attendants should have access to the sick-chamber. Hope and confidence are the only emotions which exercise a soothing influence on fever patients.
§ 21. Quiet sleep being very desirable to the fever patient, all unnecessary attendance in the sick-room ought to be avoided, nor ought the frequent closing and opening of the doors to be tolerated. The patient ought to rest upon a mattress, and be covered with a light quilt.*
* This is beer made of pure malt, which has fermented in the open air; it is a mild and pure beverage, and does not affect the brain. The patient may use it diluted. - Hempel.
§ 22. Cleanliness and proper clothing deserve great attention in fevers. However much the bulk of men may be prejudiced against washing the hands and face of a fever patient with tepid water, this is no reason why the homo2opathic physician should conform to that prejudice. After being washed with tepid water the patient feels invigorated and refreshed. If the exhalation from the skin be very considerable, it is even necessary that the whole body should be washed with tepid water every three or four days, observing the precaution, however, to dry the body immediately. The cure is promoted by a frequent change of linen; if the patient perspire a good deal, his linen ought to be changed several times a-day, always observing the usual precaution. The patient ought never to have on too much covering, lest an unnecessary perspiration should be induced. In order that the patient may not be obliged to have his breast constantly covered with the bed-cover, and may be allowed to keep his arms upon the cover, he ought to wear a vest over his night-shirt, which is to be made of cotton in summer, and of wool in the winter.