This section is from the book "Practical Dietetics With Special Reference To Diet In Disease", by William Gilman Thompson. Also available from Amazon: Practical Dietetics with Special Reference to Diet in Disease.
Pare the rind from a lemon thinly, and cut the lemon into slices. Put the peel and sliced lemon into a pitcher with one ounce of white sugar, and pour over them one pint of boiling water. Cover the pitcher closely, and let stand until cold. Strain or pour off the liquid.
Citron may be used instead of lemon, and it likewise furnishes a grateful and refrigerant beverage.
To the expressed juice of a large lemon add a lump or two of sugar previously lightly rubbed on the rind. Pour on it half a pint of cold or iced water. To cause it to effervesce put it into a large tumbler and add half a teaspoon-ful of bicarbonate of soda or potash. Stir and drink while effervescing. A very agreeable and refreshing beverage.
Pare the rind of three lemons as thin as possible, add one quart of boiling water and a quarter of an ounce of isinglass. Let them stand till next day covered; then squeeze the juice of eight lemons upon half a pound of lump sugar; when the sugar is dissolved, pour the lemon and water upon them, mix all well together, strain, and it is ready for use.
One orange. One tea-spoonful of sugar. Three fourths of a coffee cup of water (six ounces). Wash and wipe the orange. Squeeze the juice into the sugar. Add the cold water, previously boiled. Strain and serve.
Dissolve a drachm or a drachm and a half of cream of tartar in a pint of boiling water, and flavour with lemon peel and sugar. When cold, strain and take ad libitum as a refrigerant drink and diuretic.
Stir a quarter of an ounce of cream of tartar (a large teaspoonful piled up) into a pint of boiling milk, and strain. A refrigerant and diuretic drink, which is rendered more agreeable by the addition of sugan.
To half a pint of milk while boiling in a saucepan add one wineglassful of sherry, and afterwards strain through a muslin cloth. Sweeten with pounded sugar according to taste. A useful diuretic drink in colds and mild febrile disorders. For a child, give a tablespoonful every two hours.
Stir two tablespoonfuls of tamarinds into a pint of milk while boiling, and afterwards strain. This forms a refrigerant and slightly laxative drink.
Boil some spice, cloves, nutmeg, cinnamon, or mace in a little water just to flavour the wine; then add a wineglassful of sherry or any other wine and some sugar; bring it to the boiling point, and serve with sippets of toast. If claret is used, it will require more sugar.
Koumiss, kephir, matzol, malted milk, whey, skimmed milk, buttermilk, milk diluted with equal parts of Vichy, carbonic water, or lime water; milk flavoured with coffee, caramel, vanilla, or spice; cream diluted with water or Vichy to the consistency of milk.