Suetonius, who lived in the times of the Caesars, tells of the Sandwich as known among the Romans under the name "Offula;" 'though our English term is given after John Montagu, fourth Earl of Sandwich (1780), who used to have slices of bread with ham between them brought to him at the gaming-table, so that he might go on playing without intermission. Byron wrote, alluding to the two Earls, Spencer, and Sandwich: -

"The one invented half a coat, The other half a dinner".

As an acceptable, and nourishing little meal, when the teeth are defective, or the masticatory powers feeble, an excellent plate of Sandwiches may be made thus: "Prepare a little good gravy, or stock, and add to it enough gelatine to ensure firmness when cold; there will not be any necessity to clarify the stock for this. Pour it on a dish, or soup plate, and when set, about an eighth of an inch thick, stamp out small rounds of it, and take a couple of these rounds for each Sandwich, adding a central layer of finely-minced, underdone beef-steak, or mutton-chop (keeping the gravy therein). Now form these into Sandwiches with brown, or white bread and butter, stamping each to the shape of the jellied stock. In all cases keep the stock cool, and prepare the Sandwiches immediately before serving." Other Sandwiches may be conveniently, and profitably made for similar uses, such as of egg (hardly boiled), chicken-cream, minced beef with olives, sardines, cream cheese, etc.; and likewise sweet Sandwiches of plain jams, fruit compotes, and marmalade; a happy combination is that of Gruyere cheese, and plantains. " 'What are all them clerks eating Sandvidges for?' asked Mr. Weller, senior, of his son, Sam, when they went together to the Will Office, at the Bank of England. ' Cos it's their dooty, I suppose,' replied Sam; ' it's a part o' the system: they're allvays a-doin' it here, all day long' " (Pickwick).

Apricot Sandwiches

Apricot Sandwiches are especially grateful to a weakly, qualmish stomach which can only bear light food; they should be made with a puree of fresh, ripe fruit, sweetened, and flavoured with Noyau. In Devonshire Sandwiches are prepared with the clotted cream of the county spread on brown bread, having sugar, and grated biscuit-crumbs strewn on the top just before serving, so that their crispness may be fresh; sometimes also a layer of sweetened raspberries underlies the cream. "Claret, Sandwich, and an appetite," as Byron gossips in Don Juan, "are things which make an English evening pass".

Some remarkable Sandwiches were lately recorded (by Dr. J. Johnston) as having been made with satisfactory effect of cottonwool, for a patient who accidentally swallowed his false teeth through being struck in the face by a wave whilst swimming in the open sea. He was treated with Sandwiches containing a thin layer of cotton-wool in each, between the slices of bread and butter; and after a week, when a mild laxative was given, the dental structure, being now enrolled in cotton-wool, was passed without difficulty amongst the excrement. In Alice through the Looking Glass "the White Knight had a little box, 'of his own invention,' to keep clothes, and Sandwiches in. 'You see,' he told Alice, 'I carry it upside down so that the rain can't get in.' 'But the things can get out,' Alice gently remarked; 'do you know the lid's open?' "