The Peanut (Arachis Hypogcea), although botanically one of the pulses, really resembles more closely one of the true nuts, being like these, rich in proteids, and fat, (so that it may be well used as a diabetic nutriment). A patent food, under the name of Nutrose, is in the market as prepared from Pea nuts, which also, after expression of their oil, furnish sustenance for cattle in the same way as linseed gives residual oilcake. Half-a-dozen, or more years ago, bread made from Pea-nuts was experimentally introduced as part of the rations for soldiers in the German army; but after some favourable reports, it was decided that this bread was too strong and concentrated for the general regime, since it upset the digestive organs of many who ate it. It was thought that better success might be attained by mixing the Pea-nut meal with other cereal foods. An excellent Pea-nut candy is to be manufactured after the same manner as cocoa-nut candy: "Take an equal measure of Pea-nuts (chopped), and of white loaf sugar, three-quarters of a pound of each, having first shelled, skinned, and chopped the nuts, and warmed them in the oven.

Put the sugar in the frying-pan, and stir with the back of an iron spoon until free from lumps, and a clear, brown syrup; then add the Pea-nuts; stir well, and pour the candy on an inverted baking tin, marking it into squares whilst hot. The baking tin is not to be greased".

For brain-workers Nut cream is much to be commended. Pound in a mortar, or mince finely, three blanched almonds, two walnuts, and two ounces of pine kernels; steep these overnight in orange, or lemon juice, so as to make a cream; it should be prepared fresh every day, and may be used with bread instead of butter. Almonds, when eaten by themselves, or with raisins, should be well masticated, and not more than two ounces of the Almonds should be taken at a meal by persons who follow a sedentary occupation. An emulsion of sweet Almonds is useful in bronchial troubles, hoarseness, and irritable, tickling cough; it should be made by grating the blanched Almonds finely, with the addition of orange-juice, or lemon-juice, and mixing these well together. The Almonds should always be first divested of their skins (which are indigestible) in quite hot water. Bitter Almonds contain in a hundred parts nineteen of essential oil, and some prussic acid present minutely, but still poisonous.

A while back in many English places, notably at Kingston-on-Thames, the Sunday within the Michaelmas octave was known as "Crack-nut Sunday," when nuts were cracked during Divine service by many of the congregation, both old and young, this being done without objection on the part of the Church authorities.