See Borax.


Us artificial. This artificial aperture is generally at the ring of the abdominal muscles, in consequence of a hernia. It has occasioned many discussions in the works of the later German surgeons, particularly Richter and Loeffer; but the management cannot be easily described. Its formation must, when an union of the two ends of the divided intestine cannot be effected, be left to nature; and the little conveniences to be added, must depend on contrivance, rather than medical skill.

Anus, a contraction of annulus, a ring.

Axus. See Cerebrum.

Ani abscessus. See Abscessus.

A Ni inflammatio. See Proctalgia.


(From Antitypus 912 against, and ductile). A hard substance which resists pressure; as a node. See Renisus.


(From ango, to torment). See Alysmos.


(From a, neg. and Anypeuthyna 914 hurtful). In medicine this signifies events that cannot be charged on the physician, who is not, of course, accountable for them.


(From Apagma 917 and to draw from).

See Abductio.

Apalachine Gallis

(From' Apalachine Gallis 919 to repel, because it is supposed to repel infection). See Cassine.


(From Apallage 920 to change). Hippocrates means by it such a change as implies deliverance from a disease.


(From Apanchomenoi 921 and to strangle). Strangled, or suffocated.


(From Apanthismus 923 to grow thin). A scarcely perceptible line in painting, to which Galen resembles the small capillary veins.


(of Apanthropia 924 from, and a man). An aversion to company, or love of solitude; generally a symptom of melancholy.

Aparachytum Vinum

(From α, neg. and Aparachytum Vinum 926 to pour upon). Wine not mixed with sea water.


(From α, neg. and Aparegoretos 927 to comfort, mitigate). What affords no comfort or relief.


(From Aparine 928 a file; because its bark is rough, and rasps like a file). Called also philanthropus, ampelocarpus, omphalocarpus, ixus, asparine, asperula, goose-grass, and cleaver's bees. Cleavers, goose-share. Hayriff. It is the galium aparine Lin. Sp. Pi. 157.

This plant has been tried in scrofula, but without success; and in some cancerous cases, the juice given internally, and the herb applied in a cataplasm externally, has been supposed to mitigate the severity of the pain. An extract made of its juice is possessed of a pungent saline bitterness. The fresh juice, in doses of two or three ounces, is slightly diuretic. It is best if gathered when half grown. The whole plant is however inert, and scarcely ever employed.

Aparine latifolia. See Asperula.