(From A Artemisia 1199diana, because it was used in the secret disorders of women, over which she presided;) called also, mater herbarum, absinthium al-pinum, berens secum, parthenicum, cingulum sancti Jo-hannis, hcrba regia toxitesia, bubastecordium; the heart of bubastus, and common mugwort, named by the Gauls bricumum. The species used by the direction of the Edinburgh college is the artemisia vulgaris, Lin. Sp. Plant. 1188. Nat. order composite discoideta.

The artemisia has an aromatic smell, and a bitterish taste. It hath been highly spoken of by Hippocrates and Dioscorides as promoting the uterine evacuations; and on this account called charistolochia. Galen used it in form of fomentation, and it has been supposed to moderate hysteric spasms, used in infusion for common drink and in baths. The flowers and tops are the strongest; but at present this medicine is rejected by the London college.

It is a name of the Botrys, and Abrotanum; which see.

Artemisi'a pontica, Lin. Sp. Pi. 1187. Ar-temisi'a maritima, Lin. Sp. 1186. See Absyn--thium.

Artemisi'a abrotanum, Lin. Sp. 1185. Artemisi'a campestri's, Lin. Sp. Pi. 1185. Artemisi'a dracun-culus, Lin. Sp. Pi. 1189. Artemisi'a glaciali's, Lin. Sp. Pi. 1187. . These species possess the virtues of the Abrotamum,,q. v.

Artemisi'a chinensis, Lin. Sp. Pi. 1190. See Moxa.

Artemisia santonica, Lin. Sp. Pi. 1185. See Santonicum.

Artemisia rupestris, Lin. Sp. Pi. 1186. This species does not greatly differ from the former, but has been thought useful in intermittents. It is the genipii herba of the pharmaceutists, q. v.