Arthrodynia

(From Arthrodynia 1219 a joint, and pain). See Rheumatismus.

Arthron

(From Arthron 1221 to Jit together). A joint.

See Articulus.

Arthrosis

(From Arthrosis 1224 articulo). See Articulatio.

Artia

According to some it is the same as arte-ria; to others, as the aspera arteria.

Articoca

Or Articocalus, (from Articoca 1225 perfect, and the cone of the pine tree). Artichoke. So called from its likeness. See Cinara.

Articularis Morbus

(From articutus, a joint ). When the ancles and knees swell and inflame from gout, it is thus named.

Articularis vena. Called also sub-humeralis. Under the head of the os humeri, the basilica vena sends off this-branch. It passes almost transversely round the neck of that bone from within backwards, and from behind outwards, and runs upon the scapula, where it communicates with the venae scapulares externae.

Articulatio

(From articulus, a joint). Articulation; arthrosis; coarcticulatio; aparthrosis; pro-sarthrotis; assarthrosis; campe; junctura; commissure; is the joining of bones together, and is of two kinds, viz. articulation and connection. Articulation is of two kinds; 1st, Diarthrosis. 2dly, Synarthrosis. There is a species composed of these two, which some call Amphiarthrosis. See each under their separate terms. Connection is of three kinds. See Symphysis.

Articulus

(A dim. of artus). A joint; also arthron. The diseases of the joints are, luxatio, sub-luxatio, and anchylosis, which see. The insertion of a number of tendons into the ligament serves not only to strengthen it, but, by their action, to hinder it from being pinched in the motion of the limb, which is a mechanism observed in every joint of the body. Wounds in the joint often require amputation. See Vulnus.

Ahticulus mortis. The last pang of expiring life. At this period many changes occur, which have been attributed to previous disease: polypi are formed in the heart and larger vessels; extravasation in different cavities sometimes takes place; the veins are emptied, and the larger vessels unusually filled.

Artificiale

(From ars, art, and facio, to make). Whatever is made or prepared either of the native cinnabar itself, or from the vein of cinnabar; or any thing made or substituted by art.

Artificialis Sal

Sec Marinus sal. Artiscocus LAEvis. See Cinara. Artiscus, (from Artificialis Sal 1227bread). Troches are thus called that are formed like a loaf. An ingredient in the famed theriaca was distinguished by this name, as it consisted of viper's flesh made into a troche by means of bread. Viper's powder was afterwards substituted.