Attractio

(From attraho, to attract). See Repulsio and Affinitas.

Attractivum

(From the same). Attractive. Paracelsus pretends to have had an attractive medicine which would draw away the diseases of the body; but the extravagances of this whimsical genius with respect to it, though not deserving a place here, may be met with in his Archidox. lib. vii.

Attractivus

(From the same). Attracto-rius, and attrahens, are applied to remedies that have a power of attracting or drawing.

Attrita Attrito

(From attcro, to rub together). Attrition. See Intertrigo.

Atypos

(From α, negative, and Atypos 1324 a form or tenor). Irregular. It is applied to diseases which have no regularity in their periods; and to a deformity in the limbs.

Auante Auapse

(From Auante Auapse 1325 to dry). The dry disease. The patient cannot bear either abstinence or eating. Fasting causes a rumbling in his belly, and gnawing pain in his stomach. He vomits up various matters, and after vomiting he is at ease. After eating, there are eructations; an inflammatory heat and redness; a constant feeling as if a painful stool was to be discharged, yet only wind is evacuated; a head-ach; a sense of pricking, as with needles, in different parts of the body; the legs seem heavy, grow feeble and extenuated, and he becomes weak: (Hippocrates). It is not easy from this account to ascertain the real complaint, unless it be an accumulation of sordes in the stomach and bowels. In confirmation of this idea, he prescribed at first a purge, and after it an emetic; he then directs abstinence from fat food, temperance, bathing, unctions, and moderate exercise.

Auchmos

(From Auchmos 1326 to dry). The Latins call it squalor. It is hot, dry, sultry weather.

Aucupalis

Or Aucuparia, (from aucupor, to endeavour to catch,) so called because birds are taken by its berries. See Ornus, and Sorbus sylves-tris.

Audacia

(From audax, bold). In a medical sense it is that sort of boldness which we meet with in delirium or madness.

Auditoria Arteria

(From audio, to hear). The internal auditory artery goes off from each side of the arteria basilaris to the organ of hearing, and accompanies the auditory nerve, having first furnished several small twigs to the membrana arachnoides.

Augmentum

(From augeo,to increase). Aux-esis, (from Augmentum 1327 to increase). The increase of a disease, from its attack to its height.

Augusta

An epithet given to several compound medicines.

Auliscos

(From Auliscos 1328 a pipe). See Catheterus, and Fistula.

Aura

(From Aura 1329 air, or rather from the Hebrew term aor,) signifies an exhalation, or vapour, which arises from mephitic caves. The chemists mean by it a certain fine and pure spirit, found in every animal and vegetable body; but so subtle as only to be perceptible to us by its smell.

Aura epileptica. A gradual sensation, like air ascending from some determined part of the extremities upwards, occasioning an epileptic attack. In the Ephem. Nat. Cur. An. 3. Obs. 336; and in a treatise of Galen on an epileptic boy, there are evident examples of an epilepsy per consensum ab aura adscendente.

Aura vitalis. So Helmont calls the vital heat.