See Balsamum.


And Arbor Indica, (from Balsamifera 1366 and fero, to bear). See Peruvianum balsamum.

Balsamifera arbor Brasiliensis. See Capivi balsamum.


The balsam apple, (from balsamum,) so called from its odour. See Momordica.

Balsamina lute'a. See Persicaria siliquosa.

Balsamita Minor

(From balsamum). See Ageratum.


(From Bambalio 1368 to stammer ). Aman that stammers or lisps.


See Bombax.

Bamia Moschata

See Abelmosch.


(From Bamma 1369 to emerge). See Embamma.

Banana Bananiera

(Indian). Called also ficoides, or ficus Indica, musa fructu cucumerino bre-viori, senoria, pacaeira, and the banana or plantain tree. It is the musa sapientum Lin. Sp. Pi. 1477. The parent tree of all the American bananas, is the m. bihai. Nat. order seitamineae. It grows in America; its fruit is diuretic, heating, and highly nutritious.


See Deligatio and Fascia.


Called also planta mirabilis distilla-toria; utricaria; priapus vegetabilis; Nepenthes. It is the Nepenthes distillatoria Lin. Sp. Pi. 1354. It is a plant which grows in the thick forests of the island of Ceylon, where its long fibres supply it with water, and where no sun comes to exhale it. Its seeds and seed vessels are like those of gentian; but it is most remarkable for a foliacious sheath about a foot long and as thick as a man's arm; and for its appendages at the ends of its leaves, which turn up, and contain a cooling limpid liquor, as does its sheath, which is half full and potable. The root is astringent; the liquor in the sheath is cooling; it grows not far from Columbo, in moist shady woods. Raii Hist.


(Indian). Cannabis Indica Lin. cans-java, called by the AEgyptians assis; asserac cannabis peregrina, althea foliis cannabinis, kalengi-cansjava, tsyeru-cansjava.

It resembles hemp in its stalk, the rind of the stalk, and the leaves; but its medicinal qualities differ very much. The seeds and leaves are heating and intoxicating. When in pain the Hindoos mix it with opium: when their object is mirth and intoxication, with musk, amber, and sugar. It grows in Indostan, and other parts of the East Indies.


A fossil medicinal substance, now unknown; probably a bitumen.

Baptica Cocca

See Chermes.


And Barometz, a plant somewhat resembling the shape of a lamb. See Agnus Scythicus.


(Arabic). See Alphus.


A beard. Some vegetables have the specific term of barba given them, as their ramification?: are bushy like a beard; viz.

Barba aronis. See Arum.

Barba caprina. See Spiraea ulmaria.

Barba hirci. See Tragopogon.

Barba Jovis. See Sedum.

Barbadoes Tar

See Petroleum Barba-dense.

Barbadoes cherry, the fruit of the malphigia glabra Lin. Sp. Pi. 609, resembling the inferior of our cherries.