Herba sanctae Barbara, nasturtium hybernum,pseudobunias, eruca lutea latifolia, sisymbrium, carperitaria, winter cresses, garden rocket, rocket gentle, erysimum barbarea Lin. Sp. Pi. 922. This plant resembles the mustard, but is distinguished by the smoothness of its leaves and its disagreeable smell. It resembles in quality the cresses, and is a native of Switzerland, but cultivated in our gardens.

The wild rocket, called eruca silvestris, sinapis alba Lin. It grows on old walls and amongst rubbish. Its qualities are much the same as the former, but its taste is somewhat more acrid and bitter.

The active matter of the leaves is extracted by expression; by infusion in boiling water; and by digestion in rectified spirit. By distillation in water, a pungent yellow oil is obtained; by drying, the disagreeable smell and pungency are destroyed. The pungency of the seeds is less volatile, similar to, though weaker than those of mustard.

Barbaria Barba

Ricum, (from barbarus, wild; because it was brought from a wild country). See Rhabarbarum.


Pil. Barbarossa's Pill. It was composed of quicksilver, rhubarb, diagridium, musk, amber, etc. and was the first internal mercurial medicine which obtained any real credit. See Argentum V1vum.


The name of a plaster in Scribonius Largus.


The barbut. A small river fish, with a very large head. It is generally about six inches long: it lives on mud and slime; is found in the river which runs from Tamworth, in Warwickshire. The roe, as well as that of the eel pout, operates both upwards and downwards.

Barege Waters

This appellation is given to four springs near the foot of the Pyrenees on the side of France. Their heat is from 73˚ to 120°. They contain sulphurated hydrogen, united to a small proportion of soda and some sea salt. The water is however very pure, scarcely exceeding in specific gravity distilled water. It is chiefly useful externally from its heat, and in cutaneous diseases from its sulphureous impregnation. It is supposed to be useful in atony of the stomach and calculous complaints. See Balneum.

Bariglia Barilla

So called from the place where it is produced. See Anatron.


See Hordeum.

Barley. (Indian). See Verbascum cevadilla.

Barnet Water

It is of the purging kind, of a similar quality to that of Epsom, and about half its strength.


Small worms; called also nepones. Baros. (Greek). Gravity. Hippocrates uses this word to express by it an uneasy weight in any part. Baros. See Camphora.

Bartholinianae Glandulae

(From the discoverer Bartholine). See Sublinguales Glandulae.


(From Baryococcalon 1372 grave, and .a nut; so called because it gives a deep sound).

See Stramonium.


(From Baryphonia 1374 dull, and the voice). A difficulty of speaking.