(From Barypicron 1376 dull, and bitter). See Absinthium vulgare.


(Indian). The name of an Indian tree growing about Cochin. It flowers and bears fruit once every year, from the first year of its bearing to the fifteenth. A decoction of its leaves with ginger in water is used as a gargle in disorders of the fauces. The kernels of the fruit kill worms. Raii Hist.


A close grained stone resembling a lava, said by Pliny to contain a bloody juice, and useful in diseases of the liver. See Basilicum. Basilare, (from Basanites 1379 a king). This is used as a term of superior excellence or magnitude when applied to bones. See Cuneiforms, Sphenoides, and Sacrum Os.

Basilaris Arteria

It is a branch of the vertebral artery upon the apophysis basilaris of the os occipitis. The two vertebral arteries soon unite after they have entered the skull, and form this artery about the cuneiform process of the os occipitis. It runs forward under the great transverse protuberance of the medulla oblongata, to which it gives ramifications, as well as to the neighbouring parts of the medulla. Sometimes it divides into two branches near the apophysis basilaris, which communicate with the posterior branches of the two internal carotids, and are lost in the posterior lobe of the brain.


L'on. An epithet for acollyrium in AEtius.

Basiliaris Apophysis

The great apophysis of the os occipitis.


Black-seeded. See Agrom.

Basilica vena. The ancients termed the basilic vein of the right arm the vein of the liver, hepatica brachii vena: and that of the left arm, the vein of the spleen, splenica vena erachii. Sometimes the basilica hath a double origin, by a branch of the communication with the trunk of the axillaris. It continues its course along the middle of the os humeri, between the muscles and integuments; and having reached the inner condyle, and sent off obliquely in the fold of the arm the mediana basilica, it runs along the ulna, between the integuments and muscles, a little towards the outside, by the name of cubitalis externa; and, a little below it, sends off another branch, which runs along the inside of the fore arm near the ulna: this branch may be called cubitalis interna. See Cephalica vena.


A cerate described by Galen, and used for the itch.


A collyrium mentioned by Galen.


(From Basioglossus 1388 the foundation, and the tongue ). A muscle so called from its insertion. See Hyoglossus.


Pharyngae'i, (from Basio 1390 foundation, and the fauces). A muscle so called from its position. See Hyopharyngaeus.