A Persian word for antidote. See Bezoar.


(Bdella 1403 to suck,) Bdellerum.

Horse leech. See also Varix.

Bean Ignatius

See Faba Sti. Ignatii.

Bean Malacca. See Anacardium Orientale.

Bear's Foot

See Helleborus.

Bear's foot. See Uva ursi.


(From bach-bungen, water herb, German, because it grows in rivers,) called also ana-gallis aquatica, laver Germanicum, veronica aquatica, cepaea: water pimpernel, and brook lime. The veronica begabunga Lin. Sp. Pi. 16.

It possesses in an inconsiderable degree the virtues of the cochlearia and nasturtium. It hath not the volatility of the cochlearia, nor is it pungent to the taste, but rather saltish and bitterish than acrid. It should be eaten plentifully as food, or a large quantity of the juice taken, if benefit is expected from it, as its powers are very inconsiderable.


(From Becha 1404 a cough). Any medicine designed to relieve a cough, and of the same import as pectoral. The trochisci bechici albi of the London college consists of starch and liquorice, with a small proportion of Florentine orris made into lozenges, with the mucilage of gum tragacanth. It is a soft pleasant demulcent.

The trochisci bechici nigri consists chiefly of the juice of liquorice with sugar and gum tragacanth.

Bechion Bechium

(From the same). See Tussilago.

Becuiba Nux

(Brasil). It is as large as a nutmeg, of a brownish colour, with an oily kernel in a woody brittle husk. A balsam is drawn from it, which is held in estimation in rheumatisms.


(From the Arabic bedegua). See Carduus lacteus Syriacus, and Cynosbatos.


The name of love apples in Avi-cenna: an esculent fruit of a species of solatium.


(From Begma 1405 a cough ). Hippocrates by this word means a cough and the sputum brought up with it.

Behen Album

(From the Arabic term behen, a finger,) called also jacea orientalis patula, raphanti-coides lutea, and the true white ben, or behen of the ancients.

Behen Album Vulg

Called also lychnis sylvestris, lanaria, papaver spumeum vulg. muscipu/a pratensis, vesicaria, spatling poppy, bladder campion, or white Hen.'

Behen rubrum, limonium, or limonium Majus.

Be.'hen sea lavender, or red behen.

Two roots, viz. the red and the white ben, are described by the ancients. The white is a long, slender, white root, of an aromatic smell, and sharp taste; it is hard, but does not keep well. It comes from the East, and is the centaurea behen Lin. Sp. Pi. 1292. The red is a thicker root, also brought from the East, and is the statice limonium Lin. Sp. Pi. 394. It is cut in slices, and tastes acrid; but the root of the white lychnis is used for one, and the root of the sea lavender for the other. The last grows in salt marshes on some of our sea coasts. It hath a thick root that runs deep in the earth, and is of an astringent quality.