From Berytus, its inventor. The name of a collyrium described by Galen as good against an ophthalmia; and of a pastil against the dysentery.
See Fungus and Spongia.
An abbreviation of Basilii Bee-leri Fasciculus variorum.
Besl. Gazophyl. An abbreviation of Gazophylacium Rerum Naturalium Michaelis Ruperti Besleri.
Besl. Hort. Ezs. An abbreviation of Besleri Hor-tus Eystetensis.
Rulandus explains it by muscarum fungus. Probably he means a sponge.
An Arabian term. In Avicenna it is a redness of the external parts, resembling that which precedes the leprosy: it occupies the face and extremities. Dr. James thinks it is what we call chilblains, but is more probably erysipelas. See Pernio.
(Indian.) Called also betre, betele, bethle, betelle, betle, and bulatwaela.
It is a scandent plant, growing in different parts of the East Indies, bearing a fruit which resembles a lizard's tail; its taste is agreeable; and the ancient botanists confound its leaf with the malabathrum. It is, however, a species of piper, viz. p. betele Lin. Sp. Pi. 40. Another species growing in Java is the ft. scriboa P. 41.
Mixed with other things, as fancy directs, the Indians chew it almost continually. It is gratefully cordial, but seems to injure their teeth.
Corrupted from -vetonica, perhaps from Vetones, a people of Lusitania. Called also vetonica cordi, cestrum, drosiobetanon, common or woody betony. The betonica officinalis Lin. Sp. Pi. 810. Nat. order verticillatae or labialae.
The leaves and tops are somewhat disagreeably scented, but the odour soon flies off from the dry herb: to the taste they are warm, rough, and bitterish; if powdered, they make a good errhine.
An infusion of the leaves in boiling water contains all the virtue of the herb, and is its best preparation. From large quantities a small portion of essential oil is obtained by distillation. The roots are said to be nauseous and emetic; and, as a medicine,' very similar to the helleborus albus. Scopoli thinks it a cephalic and a tonic. It is an ingredient in Rowley's British herb snuff.
Betonica aquatica. See Scrophularia aouatica.
Betonica pauli. See Veronica.
Betonica coronaria. See Caryophillus ruber.
See Bardana major.
See Parelra brava.
(From to cough). See Tussis.
The root of the clematis Peruviana of C. B.; one drachm of which is enough for a purge.
The Peruvian ipecacuanha. See Ipecacuanha.