Berytion

From Berytus, its inventor. The name of a collyrium described by Galen as good against an ophthalmia; and of a pastil against the dysentery.

Bes

See Cyathus.

Besacher

See Fungus and Spongia.

Besasa

See Ruta.

Besl Fascic

An abbreviation of Basilii Bee-leri Fasciculus variorum.

Besl. Gazophyl. An abbreviation of Gazophylacium Rerum Naturalium Michaelis Ruperti Besleri.

Besl. Hort. Ezs. An abbreviation of Besleri Hor-tus Eystetensis.

Besonna

Rulandus explains it by muscarum fungus. Probably he means a sponge.

Bessannen

An Arabian term. In Avicenna it is a redness of the external parts, resembling that which precedes the leprosy: it occupies the face and extremities. Dr. James thinks it is what we call chilblains, but is more probably erysipelas. See Pernio.

Besto

See Saxifraga.

Betla

(Indian.) Called also betre, betele, bethle, betelle, betle, and bulatwaela.

It is a scandent plant, growing in different parts of the East Indies, bearing a fruit which resembles a lizard's tail; its taste is agreeable; and the ancient botanists confound its leaf with the malabathrum. It is, however, a species of piper, viz. p. betele Lin. Sp. Pi. 40. Another species growing in Java is the ft. scriboa P. 41.

Mixed with other things, as fancy directs, the Indians chew it almost continually. It is gratefully cordial, but seems to injure their teeth.

Betonica

Corrupted from -vetonica, perhaps from Vetones, a people of Lusitania. Called also vetonica cordi, cestrum, drosiobetanon, common or woody betony. The betonica officinalis Lin. Sp. Pi. 810. Nat. order verticillatae or labialae.

The leaves and tops are somewhat disagreeably scented, but the odour soon flies off from the dry herb: to the taste they are warm, rough, and bitterish; if powdered, they make a good errhine.

An infusion of the leaves in boiling water contains all the virtue of the herb, and is its best preparation. From large quantities a small portion of essential oil is obtained by distillation. The roots are said to be nauseous and emetic; and, as a medicine,' very similar to the helleborus albus. Scopoli thinks it a cephalic and a tonic. It is an ingredient in Rowley's British herb snuff.

Betonica aquatica. See Scrophularia aouatica.

Betonica pauli. See Veronica.

Betonica coronaria. See Caryophillus ruber.

Betre

See Betla.

Bettontca

See Bardana major.

Beutua

See Parelra brava.

Bex

(From Bex 1417 to cough). See Tussis.

Bexugo

The root of the clematis Peruviana of C. B.; one drachm of which is enough for a purge.

Bexugu Illo

The Peruvian ipecacuanha. See Ipecacuanha.

Bezoardica Radix

See Contrayerva.

Bezoardicum Joviale

Bezoar with tin See Antimony.

This differs very little from the anti-hecticum Pote-rii, and might as well be prepared by simple deflagration with nitre, since it is a mere calx.