Bezoardicus Pulvis

See Bezoar orientals.


Bezoartic; such was the opinion of the ancients respecting the virtues of bezoar, that physicians held it as a medicine highly efficacious in a vast variety of cases, particularly as a counter poison or alexipharmic, and placed a very great dependence on its powers; therefore, all medicines supposed to possess similar virtues, were termed bezoartica.

Bezoarticum minerale. The common calx of antimony generally supplies its place, for, like that calx, it is absolutely inert.

Bianca Alexandrina

See Album His-panicum.

Bibitorius Musculus

(From bibo, to drink). See Adductor oculi.

Bibulus Lapis

(From bibo, to drink, so called from its drinking or absorbing power). See Pumex.

Bicaudalis Muscularis

Vel Intrica'-tus Musculus,(from bis, twice, and cauda,a tail, so called from having two tails). See Abductor auris, N° 1.


(From bicho, port). A Portuguese name for the worms found under the toes in the Indies, and which are destroyed by the oil of the cashew nut.


(From Bicion 1419 a pitcher, from the shape of its pod). See Vicia.


Os, (from bis, double, and cornu, horned J. See Hyoidis os.


(From the same). A muscle is so called when it hath two terminations; also a name of the flexor carpi radialis, and of the extensor carpi radialis.

Bicu Spides

(From bis, twice, and cuspis, a point). Double pointed. See Molares.


(From bis, twice, and dens, a tooth,) so called from its being deeply serrated or indented: called also verbesina, cannabina aguatica, hepatorium aguatile, eupatorium Arabum, ceratocephalus, agrimony, and water hemp. Bidens tripartita Lin. Sp. Pi. 1165. Nat. order discoideae.

The leaves have a light agreeable smell, and pungent bitter taste; are supposed to be aperient, corroborant, and of some efficacy in icteric complaints, scurvy, and cedematous swellings of the feet. An infusion in boiling water, drunk freely, is the best method of using them. The juice of the fresh herb may be taken in doses from one to two ounces: larger doses operate by vomit and stool, and the root purges actively.

Bidens zeylanica, Bidens urtica. See Achmella.


(From bis, twice, and annus, a year). Biennial. Herbs are said to be biennial when their roots continue two years.


(From bis, twice, and findo, to cleave). bifid, cloven; called also dicraeus.


(From bis, twice, and folium, a leaf,) because it sends up two leaves upon one stalk: also called ophris, ophris major, orchis bifolia, didyme, ordinary wood bifol, and common twayblade. Optrys ovata Lin. Sp. Pi. 1340. It is found in woods and other shady places, flowers in June, and ranked among the agglutinant astringents. Miller's Bot. Off.


(From bis, twice, and Bigaster 1420belly). A name given to muscles that hare two bellies.

Bignonia Catalpa

Lin. The leaves, as Thunberg informs us, are applied with success to limbs affected with rheumatic pains by the Japanese.