See Lycoperdon.


See Viscus.


(Quasi Brabyla 1481 i. e.

Brabyla 1483 because they are laxative, and clear the intestines of their contents). The plums which are called Hungarian. They are large, sweet, and of a black colour.


Amma. A surgeon's bandage and truss for a hernia. A word used by the barbarous Latin writers, probably from brachiale, a bracelet. It is so called because it is made to embrace the parts.

Brachiaeus Musculus

The name of two muscles of the arm, (from brachium, an arm ).

Brachiaeus internus begins where the deltoid muscle ends, covers the interior and anterior surface of the os humeri, and is inserted into the coronoid process of the ulna, serving to bend it.

Brachiaeus externus seems to be the third beginning of the gemellus; its origin is continued from above the middle of its insertion, and from the back part of the os humeri to the cavity which receives the olecra-num in the extension of the cubit, where, joining with the tendinous outside of the gemellus, it is inserted into the superior and external part of the ulna, called olecra-num. See Anconaeus. Cowper.

Douglas says, that the brachiaeus externus and the gemellus make but one single muscle with three heads, to which he gives the name of triceps cubiti, or extensor cubili magnus triplici principio natus.


The word means a bracelet; but the ancient anatomical writers apply this term to the carpus, the part on which the bracelet was worn. See Carpus.


Cubitale Ligamentum. The expansion of the lateral ligament (see Lateralia li-gamenta), which is fixed in the inner condyle of the os humeri, runs over the capsule, to which it closely adheres, and is inserted like radii on the side of the great sigmoid cavity of the ulna: it is covered on the inside. by several tendons, which adhere closely and seem to strengthen it. Winslow.

Brachio-radiale ligamentum is the expansion of the lateral ligament (see Lateralia ligamenta), which runs over the external condyle of the os humeri, and is inserted round the coronary ligament, and from thence all.the way down to the neck of the radius, and also in the neighbouring parts of the ulna. Through all this passage it covers the capsular ligament, and is covered by several tendons adhering closely to both. Winslow.


(From Brachium 1484 short; because in a well proportioned man it is shorter from the shoulder to the hands than from the hips to the feet. Festus). The arm. In Hippocrates it signifies what is now called the humerus. From the shoulder to the elbow, is called lacertus; to the wrist, cubitus, or the fore arm. By the arm is generally meant the whole, from the-shoulder to the wrist.