Brasilis Lign Brasiletto

Logwood, also red wood. See Campechen, Lignum.

Brasilium Lignum

Brasil wood; called also pseudosantalum rubrum, Hirapitanga Brasnliensi-bus, ibirapitanga; Abelicea, crista pavonis coronillae folio; Etythoxilum Brasilianum, San talus Adulteri-;:us.

This wood is rarely met with in prescriptions; it is sometimes substituted for red sanders, with which it agrees in most of its properties, with this difference, that the red sanders does not, like this wood, give out its colour to water. It is of a deep red or purple colour; is said to cool and strengthen; but is chiefly used by the dyers.

' From the Brasil wood of Pernambuco is extracted, by means of acids, a carmine.

Brasma

(From Brasma 1496 to boil). See Piper longum.

Brasmos

(From the same). See Fermenta-no.

Brassadella

Or Brassatella. See Ophio-olossum.

Brassidelica Ars

A way of curing wounds, mentioned by Paracelsus, by applying the herb brassa-della to them. See Ophioglossum.

Brathu

The herb savine. See Sabina.

Breast

In general means the chest. For its most important organ see Mamma.

Breath

The air expired. In many persons it is fetid. This is sometimes constitutional, but more often the effects of rotten teeth, inattention to cleanliness, or sometimes the sign of approaching fever.

Breeding

See Pregnancy.

Brelisis

See Caranna.

Bretanica

It is said to be a Frieslandic word, and means that it should be put between the teeth to cure the hiccough; Bret land hic. Great water dock. See Bardana major.

Brevia Vasa

(From being short). The vena splenica towards its termination is divided into several branches that go to the spleen, one of which produces the veins which receive this name.

Bre Vis Vel Braciiys

A name of the teres Minor.

Breyn

Cent. An abbreviation of Jacobi Breynii, Exoticarum aliarumque minus cognitarum Plantarum Centuria prima. Gedani, 1678.

Breyn. hist. cocc. An abbreviation of J. P. Breynii Historia Naturalis Cocci Radicum Tictorii. Gedani, 1731.

Breyn. trod. An abbreviation of Jacobi Breynii, Prodromus, Fasciculi Rarior. Plant.

Breyn. sched. An abbreviation of Jacobi Breynii Schediasma de Echinis.

Bricumum

See Artemisia.

Brindones

(Indian). A fruit in the East Indies. Vinegar is made from it, and it is also a material used for colouring; reddish on the outside, and of a blood red within. The mangoustan of the Celebes, q. v. Raii Hist.

Britanica

The herb called britanica has occasioned numerous discussions, and it was supposed singular that it should not be known in Britain. The mistake respecting the meaning of the term occasioned the difficulty. (See Bretanica). It seems to have been the rumex aquaticus Lin. Sp. Pi. 479,from the descriptions of Pliny and Muntingius. See Bardana, and Lapathum aquaticum.

Brittleness

See Fragilitas.

Briza

(From Briza 1502 to lull to sleep; because bread made of it causes drowsiness). Spelt wheat.