The fluid which is separated from meat that has been salted, containing a solution of the salt,
Oo with albuminous and other animal fluids. It is used, externally, as a stimulant in palsies, and oedematous swellings of the legs; and is sometimes poured with advantage into the ear when filled with viscid cerumen, or, when the action of the ceruminous glands is too languid. Bristoliensis Aqua. Bristol water. Of the four principal warm waters naturally produced in England, this is of the lowest temperature. See Bathoniensis Aqua.
As the Bath waters are proper where the secretions are defective, so the Bristol water is of service when in excess. The Bath water warms; the Bristol cools. Bath water relieves the stomach and intestines; the Bristol the lungs, kidneys, and bladder. It issues from a limestone rock.
By the experiments of Dr. Bryan Higgins, a Winchester gallon of this water contains,
Of calcareous earth, combined with vitriolic acid in the form of selenite
Of calcareous earth, combined with acidulous gas.......
Of marine salt of magnesia - - -
Of sea salt ------
Acidulous gas, besides what is contained in the calcareous earth above mentioned, eight ounce measures. Dr. Carrick found a little difference in the proportions, and adds to the ingredients sulphat of soda.
Little can be therefore expected from the mineral contents of this water. It has, however, been supposed useful in internal haemorrhages, immoderate discharge of the menses, old diarrhoeas, fluor albus, internal inflammations, spitting of blood, dysentery, purulent ulcers of the viscera, consumption, dropsy, scurvy with heat, stone, gravel, strangury, habitual gout, atrophy, slow fever, scrofula, gleets, and a diabetes; in which last it is esteemed a specific, and is allowed to be drunk as freely as the thirst requires it. The sensible qualities of this water render any particular directions for its use ridiculous.
The hotter months are the best for using it. In general it is drunk in repeated draughts of half a pint, from a pint to two quarts a day.
The Bristol and Matlock waters are of exactly the same qualities.
See Dr. Maplet, Dr. Guidot, and Dr. Wynter, on the Bristol Waters. It was Doctors Mead and Lane who established the reputation of Bristol water in diseases of the kidneys and bladder. The latest author on this subject is Dr. Carrick.