Castellus thinks it must mean some chirurgical instrument, inasmuch as it is necessary to some operations, on the authority of Galen and Oribasius. It is considered also as expressive of some diseases, particularly, according to Galen, of a deprivation of voice. Indeed, in surgery it is a noose, and belongs to either instruments or bandages, for it is the Greek word for laqueus.


The throat, (from Brochthus 1503 to pour). See Guttur. Also a small kind of drinking vessel.


One with a prominent upper lip, or one with a full mouth and prominent teeth.


Broth. (See Jus). It sometimes means the liquor in which a solid medicine is preserved, or with which it is diluted.


Food, (from Broma 1504 to eat,) in opposition to drink. See Aliment.

Brom Chlor Goth

An abbreviation of Olai Bromeliichloris Gothica, seu Catalogus Stirpium circa Gothoburgum nascentium.


See Ananas.


{(From Bromion 1505 the oat). A plaster mentioned by P. AEgineta: and so called because it was made of oaten flour.

Bromus Sterilis

(From Bromus Sterilis 1506 to eat).

Dank or wild oats. See AEgylops.


(From Bronchia 1507 the throat). See

Aspera arteria, and Bronchus.


See Thyroidaea Glandula.


(From Bronchos 1512 wind pipe). A suppression of the voice from a catarrh. Also a catarrh, when it principally affects the fauces. See Catarrhus.


(From Bronchotomia 1513 the wind pipe, and to cut). Bronchotomy.. See Tracheotomia.


(From Bronchus 1515 to pour). The ancients believed that the fluids were conveyed by the bronchiae; whence its name. According to Galen it is the aspera arteria, from the larynx to the lungs; but, bronchiae or bronchi, as now understood, are the ramifications.


(Quasi Bronte 1516 from to roar).

Thunder. Was it from hence Lord Nelson derived his title?


Some derive it from Bruma 1518bacchus, because at that lime the feasts of Bacchus were celebrated: but, more probably, quasi brevima, for brevis-si?na dies. Winter. But particularly when the days are shortest.


A spagirical term for silver. See Argentum.


Common self heal; called also prunella, consolida minor, and Symphytum petraeum. It is the prunella vulgaris Lin. Sp. Pi. 837. Nat. order labiates. It is perennial, grows wild in pasture grounds, and flowers in June and July. In taste it is slightly austere and bitter, and much used in fluxes, haemorrhages, and in gargarisms, as well as to remove aphthous exudations in the mouth. Miller's Bot. Off.