Or Brenning, a disease mentioned by old historians, from which authors have unsuccessfully endeavoured to demonstrate the antiquity of Syphilis, q. v.

Burrhi Spiritus Matricalis

Burrhus's spirit for disorders of the womb, is made with myrrh, olibanum, and amber, in spirit of wine.

Bursa Testium

See Scrotum. Bursalis Musculus; so called from its resemblance to bursa, a purse. See Obturator externus et Internus.


(From Buselinum 1568 great, and parsley). A large species of parsley.

Bussii Spiritus Bezoardicus

The bezoardic spirit of Bussius, an eminent physician at Dresden.

Take the spirit of ivory, saturated with subtile oil and salt, two ounces (a. spiritus C. C); crude sal ammoniac, four ounces; potash, dissolved in water, eleven ounces; amber, half a pound; oil of juniper, half an ounce; distil them in a retort. A salt rises first, and then the spirit, which dissolves this salt.


Frondosa of Roxburgh, is supposed to nourish the insect that furnishes the gum lac.


See Gutta rosacea.


See Terebinthina.

Buthalmum Majus

See Bellis major.

Butomon Butomus

(From Butomon Butomus 1570 greatly, and to cut,) so named from their sword like shape. It resembles the palms, and its roots are eaten by the Calmucks as food. Its natural order, junci, we have already pointed out. It belongs to the alismoideae of Ventenat. See Iris palustris.


See-Pareira brava.


(From Butyrum 1572 a cow, and coagulum, or cream). Butter. See Adeps.

Butyrum cerae. See Oleum cerae.

Butyrum coctum. See Azom.

Butyrum antimonii. See Antimonium.


An abbreviation of J. C. Buxbaumi Enu-incratio Plantarum, 1721, 8vo.


Buxus sempervirens Lin. Sp. Pi. 1394, (Buxus 1574 from to become hard; or more probably from the Arabic term baksa). The box tree. The Hollanders call it palm tree. It is a well known evergreen, and found wild in some parts of England.

An infusion of the leaves in water hath a fetid smell and a strong bitter nauseous taste, is purgative, and destroys worms. The active matter, or the wood, is of the saline, and not of the resinous kind, consequently differs from the lignum guaiacum, which it is said to resemble as a sudorific and an alterant.

The leaves of the common dwarf box dried and powdered are supposed to destroy worms in children. As much as will lay on a shilling may be given at bed time every night. The oil is used as a depilatory.


O-buy O. A sort of pepper in the Philippine Islands. Ray calls it piper longum monardi.