(From good mint).
Calamint. Melissa calamintha Lin. Sp. Pi. 827. A perennial plant, that flowers in July and August.
Calamintha anglica. Field calamint; called also calamintha pulegii odore, nepeta agrestis, calam. fol. ovatis, and spotted calamint. Melissa nepeta Lin. Sp. Pi. 828. The leaves have much of the smell of pennyroyal and spearmint, but hotter, and their virtues are similar to a mixture of both; water by infusion extracts all their virtue, and by evaporation it carries off all the flavour. By distillation with water they give out a large portion of essential oil, pungent to the taste, and strong of the herb: the decoction, after the oil is carried off, is rough, bitter, and aromatic. Rectified spirit of wine extracts the virtues of this herb the most completely.
Calamintha humilior. Ground ivy. See Hedera terrestris.
Calamintha magno flore. Mountain calamint.
with a large flower; mountain mint, the greatest, and the more excellent Calamint. Melissa grandiflora Lin. Sp. Pi. 827. It is a native of the southern parts of Europe, and raised in our gardens; hath a moderately pungent taste, and a more agreeable one than any of the other calamints. It is a bitter stomachic.
Calamintha Montana is the common calamint; named also calamintha vulgaris, et officinarum Germa-nice, Melissa calaminia Lin. Sp. Pi. 827.
It is found on the sides of the highways, but it is not so common as the field species, nor are its leaves so powerful in their medicinal qualities, not having the smell of pennyroyal. All the calamints are slightly aromatic, less so than the other mints, and are used as stomachic; sometimes, without, however, any foundation, as expectorants.
Calamintha palustris. See Mentha catabia.