Calva Calvaria

(From calvus, bald; so called because it is often bald). See Cranium.


See Phalacra.

Calvities Calvitium

(From calvus, bald ). See Alopecia.

Calx Antimonii

See Antimonium.

Calx cum kali puro. See Causticum commune Fortius.

Calx hydrargyri alba. See Argentum vivum.


(From Calypter 1660 to hide). A carnous excrescence covering the haemorrhoidal vein.


(From Calyptra 1661 to hide). A veil.

It is the thin involucrum or cover of some seeds, used by former botanists to express that which Linnaeus means by arillus: also a thin cup which covers the anthers of some of the mosses.


Calix, or Empalement, (from Calyx 1662

Calyx 1663 tego, to cover). The first of the seven parts of fructification, by Linnaeus defined to be the outer bark of the plant present in fructification. In general it is that green cup which supports the bottom of the corolla, and is otherwise called perianthium or cup, involucrum, amentum or katkin, spatha or sheath, gluma or husk, calyptra or veil, volva or curtain, as it happens to be differently circumstanced. It is generally single; in some plants double; and in others entirely wanting. It is commonly divided into the same number of segments with the corolla. The calyx commonly withers when the fruit is ripe, which distinguishes it from bracteae in dubious cases. It is generally less in point of height, but more substantial than the corolla.


An abbreviation of Joach. Camerarius de Plantis Epitome.


Or Camarium, (from Camara 1664 a vault). The fornix of the brain. Likewise the vaulted part of the auricle leading to the external foramen.

Camara. See Viburnum.

Camaroma Camarosis Cameratio

(From Camaroma Camarosis Cameratio 1665 a vault,) an arched roof; a fracture of the skull, which appears like an arch of a vault.


Vel Cammorum, (from Camarum 1666 a tortoise). A species of shrimp of the crab kind, which has a shell like a tortoise; also the aconites, and, according to some authors, cicuta.


A tree of the Molucca islands, whose genus is unknown, but whose bark has been recommended in dysenteries.

Cambodia Cambogia Cambogium

(From Cambogia, from whence it is brought). The Indian yellow orange of Malabar, coddam pulli. It is the garunia Cambogia of Gaertner, the Cambogia gutta Lin. Sp. Pi. 728. The fruit is slightly acid, and supposed to be astringent. See Mangoustan.

Cambro Britanica

See Chamaemorus.


Or Cambuca Membra' Ta. Bubo, ulcus, or abscess on the pudenda; also a boil in the groin.


The wild American myrtle of Piso and Marcgraave. There are two species. Their fruit, flowers, and leaves, are fragrant and astringent. One species is low and bushy, the other very tall. Ray says there is a third species which is white, but is very rare.