(From Cardamines 1704 the heart, because it comforts and strengthens the heart). Also called cardamantica, nasturtium aquaticum, culi flos, iberis, herba veteribus ignota, sophia; meadow cresses, ladies smock, and cuckow flower. The carda-mine pratensis Lin. Sp. Plant. 915. Nat. order sili-quosts.

The cardamine was formerly esteemed as a diuretic and sudorific, and then was supposed to be a powerful antispasmodic. It grows in meadows, and flowers in April.

Sir Geo. Baker, in the Lond. Med. Trans. vol. i. p. 442, relates a case of a spasmodic asthma, that after resisting all other means, was cured by taking the flowers of this plant, at first Э i. twice a day, and afterwards 3 ss. in each dose. The chorea sancti Viti was cured by 3 ss. twice a day. The case was obstinate while other means were used, but soon gave way to these flowers. To these he adds a case in which palsy, a difficulty of swallowing, and convulsions, were complicated; and though these disorders had been of long standing, relief was obtained by 3 ss. of these flowers taken twice a day. He further observes, that they improve the appetite, that 3 i. hath succeeded as an antispasmodic, where opium, camphor, and valerian failed; and that they have been given to 3 iss. three times a day.

Greeding, though he tried this medicine in large doses in a great number of cases, experienced its good effect only in one. We have never experienced them in one.

Linnaeus observes, that these flowers are pungent to the taste, but their pungency is inconsiderable; and they have scarcely ever succeeded in our hands as an antispasmodic, nor have they seemed to possess any medicinal powers. Dioscorides says, they are warm and diuretic; Galen, that they resemble water cresses in taste and virtues; Dale, that they are antispasmodic; and Dr. T. Robinson, that they arc powerfully anti-epileptic.

Dr. Cullen mentions this plant, and particularly its flowers, to be far inferior to several others of the sili-quosa; in its sensible qualities; and he noticed them only on the authority of Sir Geo. Baker, referring to his paper on this subject above quoted.