From cornu; so called because of the exuberance of its horns). The stag, hart, or male of the red deer. The flesh of these animals, until they are three years old, is excellent. The bone of the stag's heart, called crux cervi, from its shape being that of a cross; is only the tendons of the muscles of its heart hardened. This bone, as it is called, should be white.
The tears of a stag are the sordes collected in the inner angles of the eye, resembling wax. This matter hath many virtues ridiculously attributed to it, and is given in doses of three or four grains.
Cervus dama. See Dama.
Cervus odoratus. See Moschus.
Cervus rangifer. The rein deer, called by some authors tarandus, and machlis. It is an animal very common in all the northern regions, of the shape of a stag, but its body is thicker, and its whole make much more robust and strong. It is of great use as a beast of carriage to the Laplanders, and almost all the northern nations. Scheffer alleges, from Tornaeus, that though en footed animal, and plainly of the deer kind, it does not chew the cud; but this is wholly disbelieved by the more accurate naturalists. Its horns and hoofs have been said to be of use in spasmodic affections.