Circus Quadruplex

From the Chaldee term carka, to surround,) also circulus. The four fold circle. It is a kind of bandage; called also plin-thius laqueus. See Galen de Fasciis.


Rather Cirrus, (from Cirrhus 2203cornu, a horn; because cirri resemble the figure of horns in their spiral girations). It is one of the fulcra of plants, called also clavicula, tendril, capreolus; the spiral string, by which some plants fix themselves to other bodies. They are of various textures: some of them emit a glue at their termination, by which they stick as well as cling; others have points, by which they stick into trees and walls, serving also for roots.


In Pliny they signify the four lesser claws of the polypus. See also CeraeAE.

Cirsium Arvense

(From Cirsium Arvense 2204 a vein, or ewelling of a vein; which this herb was supposed to heal). See Carduus haemorrhoidalis.


(From Cirsoides 2207 varix, and forma, likeness; so called from its resembling a varix). It is an epithet in Rufus Ephesius for the upper part of the brain. He also applies this name to two of the four seminalvessels.


Cirsos 2209 (from to dilate). See



(Greek.) See Pica.

Cissampelos Pareira

(From Cissampelos Pareira 2211 ivy, and the vine). The wild vine; so called because it has leaves like ivy. See Pareira brava.


See Cistus.


(From Cissinum 2213 ivy). The name of a plaster mentioned by P. AEgineta.


Or Xist. A measure of wine containing about four pints.


(From cieta, a cist). A cistern. A name of the fourth ventricle of the brain, and of the concourse of the lacteal vessels in the breasts of women who suckle.


And Cistus, Cisthorus 2214 (from the Hebrew term Zeiss). The cistas, or rock rose; also cissarus, cistus creticus, dorycinium. It is a shrub which grows in stony places: it is full of branches and leaves, but not tall: the leaves are round, black, and hairy. The leaves of the male cistus resemble those of the pomegranate tree, but those of the female are white See Ladanum.

Cistus humilis. See Parnassia.

Cistus ladanifera. See Ladanum.

Cistus ledon. See Ledum palustre.


According to Hesychius, it signifies the breast, the side, and a species of fish.

Citrago Citraria

(From citrus, the citron; because of its smell). See Melissa.

Citras And Citrats

(From citrus,the citron). Citrate. Salts formed by the union of acid of lemon with different bases. The common saline draught is styled citras potassae.